Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
1. Drinking lots of liquids is necessary.
2. The importance of breakfast is evident.
3. Carbohydrates should be included in the diet.
4. A great variety of snacks can be chosen.
5. The right balance should be found.
6. Reducing the amount of fats is the aim.
7. Healthy and tasty snacks are chosen.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. The student left a book in the carrel last night.
B. The student remembers the title of the book very well.
C. The student goes to the library every day except Monday.
D. There are several works on Anglo-Saxon grammar in the library.
E. The student need the textbook on Spanish grammar.
F. The librarian uses Google Scholar to find the book.
G. Google’s search of library holdings helps students to find films and photos all over the world.
How does Danny feel about his family?
1) He’s glad that he came from a big family.
2) He’s grateful for the support of his parents.
3) He’s happy that his parents wanted him to be an actor.
What does Danny say about his relationships at school?
1) They weren’t difficult to maintain.
2) They helped him to deal with life outside school.
3) They were cheering because of the attitude of others.
Danny thinks that being rich and famous is ...
1) better than he’d been told.
2) fun because he has money to spend.
3) different from what other people think.
What does Danny say about his relationships with the people he works with?
1) They were sometimes rude to him.
2) They are very critical of his acting.
3) They change his mental attitude.
Danny says his best friend is important to him because of her...
1) approach to her work.
2) attitude to others.
3) acting ability.
How does Danny feel about his life?
1) He is angry that others criticise him.
2) He is sorry he didn’t have a normal childhood.
3) He is pleased that he has earned a lot of money.
What is Danny’s attitude towards winning awards?
1) He finds it embarrassing.
2) He thinks he does not deserve them.
3) He dislikes the whole awards system.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Not for children
2. Benefits for poor countries
3. Illegal and unsafe
4. Small size has a great role
5. One is not enough
6. It is better to text
7. Weighing lighter
8. Enjoy a lot of functions
A. A mobile phone (also known as a cell phone) is a device that can make and receive telephone calls while moving around. It does so by connecting to a cellular network provided by a mobile phone operator, allowing access to the public telephone network. In addition to telephony, modern mobile phones also support a wide variety of other services such as text messaging, MMS, e-mail, Internet access, Bluetooth, business applications, gaming and photography.
B. The first hand-held mobile phone was demonstrated by Dr Martin Cooper of Motorola in 1973, using a handset weighing around 1 kg. In 1983, the first commercial cell phone was released. In the twenty years from 1990 to 2010, worldwide mobile phone subscriptions grew from 12.4 million to over 4.6 billion. It got to the developing countries and reached the poorest citizens. The devices themselves have also become smaller and much lighter.
C. The most commonly used data application on mobile phones is SMS text messaging. The first SMS text message was sent from a computer to a mobile phone in 1992 in the UK, while the first per- son-to-person SMS from phone to phone was sent in Finland in 1993.The first mobile news service, delivered via SMS, was launched in Finland in 2000. Mobile news services are expanding with many organizations providing ‘on-demand’ news services by SMS.
D. Mobile phones need a small microchip called a Subscriber Identity Module, or SIM card, to function. The SIM card is approximately the size of a small postage stamp and is usually placed underneath the battery in the rear of the unit. The SIM card does not only store data like telephone numbers but also allows users to change phones by simply removing the SIM card from one mobile phone and inserting it into another mobile phone or broadband telephony device.
E. Mobile phones are used for keeping in touch with family members, conducting business, and having access to a telephone in an emergency. Some people carry more than one cell phone for different purposes, such as for business and personal use. Multiple SIM cards may also be used to take advantage of the benefits of different calling plans — a particular plan might provide cheaper local calls, long-distance calls, international calls, or roaming.
F. Mobile phones have spread more quickly than any other technology and can improve the life of the poorest people in developing countries. They provide access to information in places where landlines or the Internet are not available. In Africa, people travel from village to village to let friends and relatives know about weddings and births. They need not do this if the villages are within coverage. Mobile phones are recharged using a solar panel or motorcycle battery.
G. Mobile phone use while driving is common but dangerous, as it increases the risk of accident. Many countries prohibit it. Some schools also limit or restrict the use of mobile phones because cell phones are used for cheating on tests, harassment and bullying, causing threats to the school’s security. Many mobile phones are banned in school locker room facilities, public restrooms and swimming pools due to the built-in cameras that most phones now have.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.
1. and continue to influence its present and future
2. that influences the public opinion and lifestyle
3. has changed and evolved to reflect the needs of a growing
4. to one and a half million visitors each year
5. to half a million books and documents that help to inform them
6. that affect the lives of every Canadian
7. to both symbolize and celebrate the great nation it serves
Parliament Hill is the home of Canadian democracy and a proud national symbol. It is the heart of Canada’s federal government, where representatives from across the country meet to make laws A___________. And it is much more than that. Parliament Hill is where you can explore figures, events and achievements that have shaped the country’s past, В___________. Look closely and you can uncover an image of Canada, its people, history and culture.
The planning and construction of the buildings, monuments and landscapes of Parliament Hill began in 1859. Since then, the Hill C_________and modern country. The Hill is a home to Canada’s federal government, and welcomes close D__________. A place of work, a place to meet and a place of leisure, Canada’s Parliament Hill has come E__________________.
The beautiful structures of Parliament Hill include many historic monuments and stone buildings with copper-tiled roofs. The Centre Block is a home to the Senate, the House of Commons and the Library. The Library of Parliament preserves and protects Canada’s legislative past. It ensures that senators and members of Parliament have immediate access F______________on all matters of parliamentary concern. However, the Library is more than a collection of books alone; it contributes to Canadian democracy by creating and delivering reliable and relevant information to and about Parliament.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Exactly when was the last time you had someone’s undivided attention? These days, everyone is distracted. Try talking to a fellow human being and their eyes will constantly flick downwards... towards their mobile phone.
God gave us ten fingers and a highly developed sense of touch so we could savour life to the full. Our hands enable us to work, play sport, etc. With them we can create great art, sew beautiful clothes, arrange flowers and write poetry. But what do we increasingly prefer to do with them instead?
Repeatedly stab at a tiny pad hundreds (if not thousands) of times every day to send texts or emails. The device we value above all else: lose it, and we’re reduced to tears and can barely function — it’s a kin to a bereavement. We carry our phones around like priceless jewels. They have their own little shelves in cars and special pockets in our handbags. Phones now dominate our lives; they stand between us and civilised behaviour, reducing us to boorish zombies.
Recently, I wrote that restaurants should ban disruptive small children in the evenings — and you wrote in your thousands to say you agreed. So, even though I admit to over-use of my Blackberry, I’m willing to add another item to the banned list: the smartphone. Nowadays, when this phone-obsessed generation arrive at a cafd or pub, restaurant or dining room, what is the first thing they do? They don’t ask for the menu, they lay down their precious gadget on the table, right next to them, with the screen facing up so they can monitor emails, incoming texts or calls.
And conventional manners have gone out of the window. These days, the person sitting opposite you is guaranteed to interrupt you by peering down at their precious plastic pal, mumbling: “Just ignore me, I must reply to this” before tapping away for several minutes. The result? You’re left feeling far less important than what’s happening on their phone.
Back when a telephone was something that lived on a small table in the hall and which was used only for emergencies or weekly chats with far flung relatives, my mum would decree that when in company, I should pay attention and look interested. I should never speak when others were talking. I should speak only when spoken to. Ha, ha, ha! Those basic rules have vanished forever as we carry on cyber conversations while eating, on dates, in the cinema, theatre and while watching TV.
Children, teenagers, mums, dads, tourists and businessmen and women were all fixated on their tiny screens, ignoring the subtle lighting, luxurious surroundings and delicious food a top chef had taken hours to prepare. It wouldn’t be so bad if all this over-communication resulted in a more productive society. The phone has become a barrier to direct, simple conversations and primary experiences. Selfies scream: “Look at me, I must be important, because I’ve photographed myself.” Of course, phones have their uses, but when did they become something we couldn’t live without? Why is a phone more important than a face-to-face chat?
An endless flow of tweets, emails, texts and images is a substitute for real conversation and feedback, interaction that involves letting the other person speak and responding in real time. By allowing teenagers to take their devices into class we are ensuring the next generation will be so dependent on these addictive props they will lack any social skills and be even more unemployable. How can children learn to hold a meaningful conversation in the real world if all their experiences are via a phone? Not that I’m pretending to be any more immune to the lure of the lit screen.
Now, I’m trying hard not to touch my phone for a couple of hours at a time, but it’s proving far more difficult than giving up booze. Have we all gone mad?
According to the author, nowadays the main activity which is realized with our hands is ...
1) working or playing sports.
2) creating art works.
3) using a mobile.
4) writing a poetry.
What comparison does the author use to describe people’s attitude towards their mobile phones?
1) He compares them with precious things.
2) He compares them with expensive pleasures.
3) He compares them with distracted sources.
4) He compares them with entertaining facilities.
Which two things does the author recommend to ban in restaurants?
1) Bad-mannered people and wi-fi access.
2) Texting people and game facilities.
3) Chatting teenagers and their mobiles.
4) Screaming toddlers and priceless gadgets.
What example does the author give proving that rules of politeness disappeared?
1) He tells about the habit of interrupting people to answer phone calls.
2) He shows people who text messages when they come to a restaurant.
3) He describes the situation when people argue in a restaurant.
4) He doesn’t understand why people lay their telephones near the menu on the table.
According to author, when a telephone was something that lived on a small table in the hall...
1) people used it for dangerous occurrences or regular conversations with relatives.
2) people used it for congratulating dearest relatives or important conversations.
3) people used it to find important information and conserve it.
4) people used it to carry conversation while different activities.
According to the author, the phone has become a
1) a factor to personal development.
2) a factor to effective face-to-face communication.
3) a real obstacle.
4) an obstacle to personal development.
What leads to lack of social skills and dependence of young generation?
1) When teachers use their own phone during lessons.
2) When pupils left phones at home.
3) When teachers ask pupils to bring their telephones to school.
4) When pupils use mobiles in class.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
SHRINKThe Arctic ice cap is melting so rapidly it may completely disappear by the end of the century, US scientists have warned. Experts at America’s National Snow and Ice Data Centre (NSIDC) have reported that recent satellite images revealed the volume of sea ice was the lowest figure on record. The polar ice pack__________by 30 percent since 1978.
LARGEAn area five times________than the UK has vanished and the Arctic’s disappearing act is quickening.
WARMThis year saw the______ Arctic summer in 400 years. Dr Mark Serreze from the NSIDC said, “The year 2005 puts an exclamation point on the pattern of Arctic warming.”
WORRYHe attributes the_________trend of melting ice caps to global warming.
RECEDEThe NSIDC’s leader Dr Ted Scambos says the Arctic Circle_________at such a rate that it is now close to a “tipping point” from which it may never recover.
CATCHHe says the Arctic_______________in a vicious circle, which, within a century, may lead to high temperatures not seen for a million years.
ITLess sea ice means the planet cannot reflect the suns rays and cool ______________. Warmer seas and oceans absorb more of the sun’s heat, which in turn melts more ice. The loss of sea ice is a self-perpetuating recipe for climate disaster.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
FAVOURCoffee, everybody’s __________________ morning pick-me-up, is good for you.
PROVIDEThat is the conclusion drawn by researchers at the University of Scranton in Pennsylvania. A team led by Dr Joe Vinson determined coffee to be a rich source of antioxidants and the biggest_________________of these essential vitamins in the U.S. diet.
ADDAntioxidants are believed to help battle cancer and contribute to an array of_____________health benefits including minimizing cell damage and the effects of aging.
They are particularly abundant in fruits and vegetables. Dr Vinson said both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee provides similar antioxidant levels.
MODERATEHe emphasized _____________ and recommended no more than two cups a day. He stated black tea was a good alternative to coffee.
FREQUENTVinson analyzed the antioxidant content of more than 100 different food items and common beverages. Coffee finished top on the basis of serving size and_______________of consumption. He qualified his findings by urging people not to rely on coffee as a health drink.
ULTIMATEThe potential health benefits _____________depend on how antioxidants are absorbed and utilized in our bodies.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
People who do sport at the highest level are under terrific pressure to 32 _________and win. When competing, they experience extremes of emotion: there’s the intense thrill of the competition itself, the amazing joy when things go well, but there is also anxiety, fear of failure and 33 _____________when things go wrong. It has long been known that athletes of all kinds need to be both mentally as well as physically 34 ______. When they’re not ‘up for the game’, failure will almost inevitably 35_______________. In the past, staying mentally strong was something that sports people had to deal 36_________largely by themselves. More recently, however, mental preparation has become a science, and top sports people and sporting organizations like football teams employ the services of professional sports psychologists in the hope of 37_______________ the winning mentality that fosters success.
England rugby star Johnny Wilkinson described some of the pressures he felt after having gone through a difficult match. After having done brilliantly at the Rugby World Cup in 2003, he began to 38__________ injuries and a loss of form. Wilkinson admitted that he was overwhelmed by the fear of failure and he just didn’t know how to free himself from it. He got professional help from sports psychologists and he also read widely. Surprisingly, it was not books on coping with stress that helped him to find the answer he was looking for: it was books on quantum physics and Buddhism.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39, 40 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания 39, 40, а потом пишете свой ответ.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
A visit to Wales is not complete without a visit to its bustling capital, Cardiff. Cardiff has a history that dates back to Roman times but today is an exciting blend of the old and new. Award-winning modem shopping centres are complemented by elegant Victorian arcades and traditional markets. The city’s many attractions include the castle, a combination of Roman fort, Norman keep and opulent 19,h-century mansion; the National Museum of Wales which houses a splendid collection of Impressionist paintings; and on the city outskirts, the outstanding Welsh Folk Museum at St Fagans. Cardiff is also a thriving cultural centre with the prestigious St David’s Concert Hall, and is home to the Welsh National Opera.
Another thriving Welsh city is Swansea, an old industrial centre that has been transformed into a lively modem city. Overlooking a curving sandy bay, it has a stylish Marina and Maritime Quarter which is home to the excellent Maritime and Industrial Museum. Home town of poet Dylan Thomas, Swansea has become a leading centre for the arts and holds an acclaimed Festival of Music every autumn.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering joining the Fitness Club and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
2) if they offer personal training programs or group exercise classes
3) special equipment
4) opening hours
5) price of the course
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
— where and when the photo was taken
— what/who is in the photo
— what is happening
— why you keep the photo in your album
— why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”
Study the two photographs.
In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
— give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
— say what the pictures have in common
— say in what way the pictures are different
— say which of the churches presented in the pictures you’d like more
— explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12—15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
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