Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
1. This expensive rink is worth it.
2. Everyone can afford to skate there.
3. Special boots are offered here.
4. You can skate peacefully in this little place.
5. It is the place to attend figure skating classes.
6. The weather condition is the main factor.
7. This famous fairy tale is brought to the ice rink.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. Phillip got lost on his way to college.
B. Phillip took the right bus to college.
C. Phillip found out that introduction etiquette is different in England.
D. The college library was closed between 12 and 3.
E. Phillip had three classes on his first day.
F. Phillip has problems with his Math teacher.
G. Phillip will practice his speaking skills during the course.
David made his new film with the aim to ...
1. show previously unknown details of World War II.
2. express his respect for people who took part in World War II.
3. tell people about his personal participation in World War II.
Devid's personal knowledge of the war is primarity based on ...
1. his father’s stories.
2. his own experiences.
3. reading history books.
What helps David cope with a lot of work?
1. Relaxing parties.
2. Complete concentration.
3. Taking a rest out of town.
When David has a problem to solve, he ...
1. consults a professional psychiatrist.
2. pictures the worst outcome and decides if he can cope.
3. writes about it in his diary.
David says that the best way for him to have a rest now is ...
1. to meet friends.
2. to spend time with his family.
3. to watch films on TV.
How does David’s wife feel about him being away from home a lot?
1. She believes it is normal.
2. She is satisfied with telephone communication.
3. She wants him to pay more attention to the family.
What does David feel about being a father?
1. He believes he is wiser and calmer than younger fathers.
2. He regrets not being patient enough with his daughter.
3. He would have preferred to have become a father at an earlier age.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. A good source of information
2. Increasing the accessibility
3. The revival of letter writing
4. A beautiful tradition lost
5. Making it quick and efficient
6. The victory of technology
7. As an art form
8. Writing material evolution
A. There is something pleasant about receiving a handwritten letter from a friend. It is also very enjoyable to write a letter — choosing the paper and envelope, writing with a favourite pen, and the satisfying closure of licking the envelope and putting on a stamp. Unfortunately, since the widespread use of email, not many people write and send letters any more. The history of letter writing, however, is very interesting.
B. Before the invention of the postal service, letters were delivered on foot by couriers. The ancient Greeks used athletic runners for that. Later, horses were used because they were faster and could be changed at various stations. The Romans developed this system into a postal service. The Latin word ‘positus’ meant carriers, and that is where the English word ‘post’ comes from.
C. The material of letter writing has changed over time. Originally, people wrote on clay tablets. Later the Egyptians started using papyrus, a plant that grows in the river. The English word ‘paper’ comes from this plant. In the West, paper was produced from animal skins. In medieval times, the Saxons used the bark of the beech tree, called bok. This is where the English word ‘book’ comes from.
D. Literacy has had a big effect on letter writing: if you can’t read you can’t write letters! Before the 15,h century letter writing was restricted to governments, the church, and the aristocracy. After the invention of the printing press that made books cheaper, literacy was greatly increased. Ordinary people started writing letters and it became the most popular and the only way of long distance communication until the invention of the telegraph in 1837.
E. Much of what we know of the lives of people long dead comes from personal letters. Certainly books have provided historical information about the Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, but much of what we know of daily life from these periods comes from letters. Modem biographers get most of their information about the famous people they are writing about from their correspondence.
F. In the 18th and 19th centuries, letter writing was considered an art and essential part of life. People wrote not only to keep in touch but also as a method of literary expression, as a work of art, and conformed to conventions of etiquette and form. Literary figures wrote letters knowing that they would be read in the future by historians, and one day might be published. There were even novels consisting of a series of letters, known as the epistolary novel.
G. Even after the telephone became a common fixture in homes, people continued to write letters. What killed the letter was the widespread use of email, and the development of texting and chatting on social media. This type of communication holds many advantages. You don’t need to worry about finding paper, envelopes, stamps, and going to the mailbox. It is also possible to get an instant reply.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.
1. who grow up without the education
2. that were available at several school levels
3. who works hard to build up one’s career
4. that all members of society need to understand
5. enter the classroom and teach JA programs
6. that there is a vital need for work readiness education
7. who work together to inspire students to dream and
Preparing the workforce of the future, Junior Achievement (JA) of Kentickiana (USA) is the region's leading provider of life-changing economics programs for students. JA has made the commitment to serve every student in the region four times in his/her school career. JA evaluated the programs A ______ , and chose those in grades that got the highest impact results: in the 3rd grade, in upper elementary grades, in middle school, and in high school.
In these troubled economic times, it is clearer than ever В ______ the basics of the financial literacy in order to become prosperous and productive citizens. JA is at the forefront of the region's recovery from the current economic crisis. The recent recession has demonstrated C ______ . Though JA reaches more than 44,000 students each year in Kentuchiana, there are still countless students D ______ that they both need and deserve to succeed in a global economy.
JA is a partnership between the business community, educators and volunteers, E _______ succeed. JA's hands-on, experiential programs teach the key concepts of work readiness and financial literacy. Volunteers embody the heart of JA. By donating 4 minutes of time for 5-7 weeks, volunteers help JA become a successful bridge between education and business. Comprehensive classroom materials and a thorough training process prepare volunteers to F _______ .
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
"Dynasty and Divinity", the first big exhibition devoted to African sculpture from the Kingdom Ife (in present-day Nigeria), begins an 18-month tour of America. The show, which consist of a number of works in stone, terracotta and metal made between the 9th and 15th centures, is a genuine revelation and a rare treat. Art from dramatically different cultures if often hard to connect with, as is their languages, traditions and ways, but these sculptures are naturalistic and remarkably accessible.
More than 100 works on display. Some have been abroad before, some have left Africa for the first time. Text and photo murals on the walls instruct visitors about the ancient kingdom, which had been an unbroken monarchy for more than 800 years.
The background information is interesting limited. The art itself makes a powerful impact. Some of it is unnerving. A few of the terracotta heads are gagged; others are deformed either by birth defects or disease. A dozen or more heads in copper alloy are exciting in a less complicated way; their faces radiate serenity. Ten of them are life-sized. The three that are somewhat smaller are topped by gorgeous crowns decorated with what appears to be rings of beads. These heads are beautiful, technically sophisticated and compelling.
Some of the objects in the exhibition definitely used to play a part in rituals. But were they made for that purpose? There is no answer as life has no written early history. Many of the works were chance discoveries. There is no archaelogical record to help scholars find answer to the many questions that they raise. Were the copper-alloy heads the work of a single artist or workshop? Are the heads portraits or idealised images? It is almost impossible to be sure of the sex of one or two.
In the 15th century metal casting in Ife stopped abruptly. The reasons are quite clear. This was when the Portuguese arrived on West Africa's coast to colonise it. The neighbouring Kingdom of Benin supplanted inland Ife as a trading center and the metal casters, as other craftsmen, may have moved to where they were more likely to find patrons. For this speaks the fact that the best of Benin's famous, more stylised samples of bronze were made between the 15th and 18th cenures. But the memory of the greatness survived, and Ife remined and still remains the spiritual home of the Yoruba-speaking people.
In 1910 Leo Frobenius, a German explorer, saw Ife’s superbly modelled terracotta sculptures and a single brass head. He was so stunned that thought they were too good to have been made by Africans and concluded that the sculptors must have been survivors of Atlantis, the submerged island of Greek legend. Along with expressions of excitement, there were echoes of this reaction in 1938 when Europeans first saw a cache of newly unearthed brass heads.
Now these reactions seem shockingly bigoted or, at best, quaintly narrow-minded: the skill and imagination of African artists is generally recognised. Ife sculpture is seen to be sophisticated, not primitive. Appropriately, the show is touring art, rather than ethnographical, institute. Its last stop before returning to Nigeria will be in the handsome new building of New York’s African art museum.
Which statement DOES NOT refer to the content of paragraph 1?
1. The sculpture in the exhibition is rich and diverse.
2. The exhibition pieces come from different countries.
3. The exhibition leaves a positive impression.
4. Art presented is easy to understand.
The heads make a powerful impact because they are
1. masterfully made.
2. technologically complicated.
3. richly decorated.
4. shocking to look at.
In paragraph 4 the author argues that ...
1. the casts were made from female models.
2. the exhibits were discovered by chance.
3. the exhibition leaves many questions to be answered.
4. the heads were made for religious purposes.
Saying "the neighbouring Benin supplanted inland Ife as a trading centre” the author means that Benin ...
1. undermined the importance of Ife.
2. bought the casts from Ife.
3. conquered the neighbouring Ife.
4. replaced Ife as a cultural centre.
According to Leo Frobenius, the terracotta sculptures ...
1. were brought to Africa from somewhere.
2. were made by Atlantis masters.
3. represented the citizens of Atlantis.
4. were figures from a Greek legend.
The author’s attitude to Leo Frobenius’ opinion appears to be ...
In general, it may be said that the article is about ...
1. an exciting art show.
2. a prejudiced opinion.
3. the history of Africa.
4. the art of sculpture.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
LITTLEBrad was a student in my after-school tutoring session. He was working _______ than diligently
EASY “Brad," 1 said, “1 talked to your mom, and she wants you to stay for the full hour, so you may as well get something done.” “She wants you to keep me every day for an hour?” he complained. “She wants you to learn it’s ______ to work during regular class hours than to give up afterschool time.” Brad seemed to agree.
GET“So,” I continued, “why not get your work done now so you can bring your marks up and get your mom off your back?” “No!” he replied in horror. “If I ______ good marks now, she'll think this plan is working, and she'll keep me in here until June!”
BEGINThis is the day when people play tricks on each other. April Fool’s Day _____ in France centuries ago. New Year’s Day in France used to be on April 1.
NOT KNOWThen the Pope changed the date. Some people and kept _______ using the old date
LAUGHThey ______ at and got the name “April fools”
GROW Sometimes, newspapers and TV programmes trick people. For example, we all know that spaghetti is made of flour, eggs and water. But one year a TV programme showed spaghetti _______ on trees!
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
IMAGINE Poetry is language used to form patterns of sound and thought into work of art. Good poems often seem to suggest more than they say and complete understanding of the poem often depends upon the sensitivity and ______ of the reader.
HELP Reading poetry in English can be especially _______ of other languages because it requires them to think in EngIish.
MEANIt also requires them to consider the subtle ______ and connotations of words.
DESCRIBETo understand the poem is to understand its images. An image is a detailed ______ that appeals to the senses.
VARYIt is like a picture drawn with words and like words, it can have _______ meanings.
FULLThese images often do more than describe a scene or experience - they try to create an experience for the reader. Poems speak to us in many ways. Poems say to us something that cannot be _______ expressed in any direct or literal way.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
The Rolls-Royce drove through the gates of the Manor House and up a long driveway lined with tall oaks. Harry had counted six gardeners even before he 32 ______ eyes on the house.
33 ______ during their time at the boarding school Harry had learned a little about how Giles lived, but nothing had prepared him for this. When he saw the house for the first time, his mouth opened and 34 ______ open. “Early eighteenth century would be my guess,” said Deakins. “Not bad,” said Giles. “1722, built by Vanbrugh”. The car came to a halt in front of a three-storey mansion built from golden Cotswold stone. Giles jumped out before the chauffeur had a chance to open the back door. He ran up the steps and made his 35 ______ through the front door and into a large, highly polished wood-panelled hall. His two friends followed him.
As soon as Harry stepped into the hall, he found himself transfixed by the portrait of an old man. He appeared to be staring directly down at Harry. Giles 36 ______ the man in the portrait - he had inherited the man’s beak-like nose, fierce blue eyes and square jaw. Harry looked 37 ______ at the other paintings that adorned the walls. He was looking at a landscape by an artist called Constable, when a woman swept into the hall wearing what Harry could only have described as a ball gown.
“Happy birthday, my darling,” she 38 ______ . “Thank you, Mum,” replied Giles as she bent down to kiss him. She gave Harry such a warm smile that he immediately felt at ease.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39, 40 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания 39, 40, а потом пишете свой ответ.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
The scientific method is the name given to the methods used by scientists to find knowledge. The main features of the scientific method are as follows. Scientists identify a question or a problem about nature. Some problems are simple, such as “how many legs do flies have?” and some are very deep, such as “why do objects fall to the ground?”
Next, scientists investigate the problem. They work at it, collecting facts. Sometimes all it takes is to look carefully.Some questions cannot be answered directly. Then scientists suggest ideas, and test them out. They do experiments and collect data.Eventually, they figure out what they think is a good answer to the problem. Then they tell people about it.Later, other scientists may agree or not agree. They may suggest another answer. They may do more experiments. Anything in science might be revised if we find out the previous solution was not good enough.
Study the advertisement.
Have fun in our Summer Youth Camp!
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
- location of the camp
- camp activities
- duration of the stay
- parents' visits
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to you friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. In your talk remember to speak about:
- where and when the photo was taken
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you keep the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number ...” .
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the arts presented in the pictures you'd prefer
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
редактор Екатерина Высоцкая
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