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Демонстрационный по английскому

Раздел 1. Аудирование

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1

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. There are many disadvantages to having a pet.

2. Your pet can become your best friend.

3. You can get a pet only if you have a big house.

4. Small creatures make the best pets.

5. It’s great to boast of having an exotic pet.

6. It’s not easy to select a suitable pet.

7. Pets can help you to relax

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2

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

A. Emma is very busy during her summer holidays.

B. Emma has never had a summer job before.

C. Jason is going to travel to Morocco soon.

D. Jason is a very good cook.

E. Jason has to buy some equipment for the trip.

F. Jason has several social media profiles.

G. Emma wants to see Jason’s pictures of Morocco.

В заданиях 3—9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

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3

What do we learn about Leona Brown at the beginning of the interview?

1) She’s won many literary awards.

2) She’s published two novels so far.

3) She keeps writing fiction.

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4

Leona thinks that many of her readers find it surprising that she …

1) writes a lot of love stories.

2) uses many main characters.

3) leaves unanswered questions.

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5

Leona defines her book A Good Person mostly as a …

1) romance.

2) drama.

3) detective story.

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6

Leona characterizes Sylvia as …

1) an inexperienced girl.

2) a middle-aged woman.

3) a good student.

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7

Which of the following is TRUE about Leona’s normal working process?

1) She pays a lot of attention to drafts.

2) Her writing is often spontaneous.

3) Word choice is not important for her.

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8

According to Leona, … makes the story interesting.

1) the storyteller

2) the setting

3) the plot

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9

Leona thinks while reading people should feel …

1) the characters’ emotions.

2) the author’s emotions.

3) their own emotions.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

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10
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 8 текстам A — G. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.

1. Watching predators and prey

2. Hot water, cold air

3. How locals live and entertain

4. Impressive but difficult to reach

5. For the strong and adventurous

6. Nature and activities to enjoy

7. Conquering cold waves

8. Closer to wildlife

A. At the edge of Russia, on the Pacific Ocean, there is the distinctive Kamchatka peninsula, famous for its rich natural diversity. This land is surrounded by rough ocean waters, in the interior lie fiery volcanoes and boiling, steaming geysers. Some 300 volcanoes, 29 of which are active, make up nearly 40% of the peninsula. But Kamchatka’s landscapes and natural diversity are not the only things to attract the travellers from far and wide: the area is also rich in opportunities for extreme sports. Make your adventures in Kamchatka unforgettable.

B. Surfing in Bali is no big deal these days: the hot sun, the warm ocean, coconuts, bananas… We’ve seen it all! How about surfing in the chilly waters of the Pacific in Kamchatka? One of Kamchatka’s best surf destinations is Khalaktyrsky beach. You can catch waves here almost all year long: the hardiest of surfers are ready to jump in in sub-zero temperatures. Naturally, the best time to surf is summer when surf schools and equipment rental places are open for business. You don’t feel the cold in a wetsuit!

C. The Kamchatka peninsula is washed by the Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea to the northeast and by the Sea of Okhotsk to the west. One of the best ways to explore the rugged coastline is to take a long trip by kayak. On the water, you’ll find yourself face to face with wild nature: you can get acquainted with sea lions, seals, killer whales and other sea creatures, and see the most beautiful, secluded bays, islands, headlands and lakes inland. You’re going to be taking numerous pictures of the seals and sea lions as they bask in the sun.

D. With vast numbers of fish, it is no wonder that Lake Kuril attracts over 200 Kamchatka brown bears who visit the lake to fish. Across the whole peninsula, there are around 20,000 bears altogether – that’s one bear to every 15 human inhabitants. Over the years, the animals on Lake Kuril have adapted to life alongside humans. Therefore, you can observe the bears and their prey close up as they show no signs of aggression. An experienced guide knows exactly where to observe them to make your adventure absolutely safe.

E. Discovered as recently as 1941, the Valley of Geysers in the Kronotsky Reserve in Kamchatka is one of the world’s largest geyser fields and is the only one in Eurasia. In a cramped 8 square kilometer piece of land there are over 40 powerful spouting geysers, not to mention hot springs, mud pools, thermal sites, waterfalls, all surrounded by volcanoes. As dangerous as any of these places seem, there are special paths for travellers. You can only get to the valley by air, so take a helicopter tour and face the raw power of Mother Nature.

F. If you feel comfortable on the runs at Alpine resorts and consider yourself experienced, Kamchatka will surprise you: imagine skiing down the slopes of an active volcano with breathtaking views over the Pacific! This is no fantasy: we suggest experienced riders try heli-skiing! Fly to the highest volcanoes’ peaks by helicopter, then enjoy the buzz of skiing the untouched slopes with awesome views of the not-so-distant Pacific. Such an activity requires skiers to be in great shape physically, and to have the love of an adrenaline rush.

G. Kamchatka is a very harsh place to live, yet people have lived here for centuries. In order to survive, they had to learn to live in harmony with nature. That led to the development of rituals that are still performed. When you visit, you can see how the indigenous people of Kamchatka have been living for generations in the village of Pimchakh that is open to visitors. Shortage of snow is never an issue, so the locals happily indulge in competitive and recreational dog sled races. You should certainly put a short dog sled trip on your bucket list.

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11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Do jellyfish sleep?

Worms and fish do it. Birds and bees do it. But do jellyfish fall asleep?

It was after midnight A_______________________ where the jellyfish were kept. They left the lights off and walked through the room by the glow of theircellphones. The students did not tell anyone that they were doing this. The secret they were keeping was a “totally crazy” experiment aimed at finding out whether jellyfish sleep.

A few weeks before, B_______________________ whether jellyfish needed to sleep. “Of course not,” said one of them. “Sleep helps C_______________________. Jellyfish are so simple they don’t even have brains. How could they possibly share the need to sleep?” The others weren’t so sure, but they wanted to find out.

The three students designed an experiment to test different behaviors and see if the jellyfish were asleep. They watched the animals to see how they moved, and D_______________________ when they were resting. It turned out that the jellyfish moved about 30 percent less at night. It was also harder to get their attention.

Months of late-night studying led to amazing results. Young scientists reported E_______________________ sleeplike behavior. This made it the first animal without a brain known to do so. The results suggest F_______________________ life, as the jellyfish group of animals first arose about 700 million years ago, and has stuck with us ever since.

1. how talkative they were in a situation close to

2. that sleep evolved early in the history of animal

3. that the upside-down jellyfish Cassiopea showed

4. strengthen memory and keep the brain healthy

5. the students were having coffee and started debating

6. when three science students crept into the lab

7. if they could get the jellies’ attention

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Graduation is coming…What’s next?

Graduation is less than a month away. While I cannot wait to throw my hat up into the air and officially check off Went to College on my to-do list, there is one thing that has been staring me down that I absolutely dread. Entering the workforce.

I believed that with my shiny new degree and my references on my CV, I would be able to start working at the lower end of companies I spent four years preparing myself for. Instead, in all job postings that I find I see this requirement: “3+ years of experience in related field.”

Speaking from personal experience, I believed that my extracurricular activities at the university prepared me for the jobs I was applying for, but that rejection letter keeps showing up in my inbox. From the comments I have received about my application, they all ask for more experience in the field, although an entry-level job is a job that “requires minimal professional work experience”.

Well, I did not have an internship or a job history in the field. I spent my time on campus – at least until COVID-19 forced me to be home for a year-and-a-half – participating in clubs and magazines. I completely forgot about internships. Now, while I would like to believe I could dismantle the idea of needing three years of experience for an entry-level job, I am just one person. So, instead, I am out here telling you to find internships as soon as possible in your field of interest.

Internships are not just for the school year. There are many internships thathappen during the summer. There are also remote internships so you do not have to keep yourself geographically limited. Unpaid internships are one of the most helpful things to set you apart from others. There are some that do pay – I’ve seen some that pay $15 an hour, which is crazy in my eyes – which is considered a blessing, but at some point, the only thing available is an unpaid internship.

Our university has an entire webpage devoted to internships and how to get them. A free account for an internship network is created for each student upon admission to the university. You can research employers, apply for jobs and internships, begin the internship registration process and participate in on-campus mock interviews. There are multiple people to support you. Schedule an appointment with a career coach – for help in finding or developing an internship opportunity that is right for you. During the school year, you can also meet with a peer advisor for a CV or cover letter review. Visit with your academic advisor or departmental internship coordinator to find out about academic internship courses or opportunities offered through your major department.

Don’t forget about networking with family, friends, and campus contacts. Let others know the types of opportunities you are looking for and share your CV with them. Finally, attend a career fair or a networking event. These are great networking opportunities!

I am not here to be gentle with you. Sometimes the internship work is gruelling for no pay, but in the end, it is worth the payoff when trying to get a higher paying job in the workforce. There is no such thing as an entry-level job because many of them are still asking for years of experience, despite being on the low-end of the corporate food chain. While they will still teach you the basics of their working environment, most companies want to have someone who already knows their way around and can throw themselves into the work without much of a fuss.

In the end, that internship is going to save you in the long run. Take it from someone who did not do an internship and is now paying the price.

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12

How does the author feel about his graduation?

1) Regretful.

2) Doubtful.

3) Worried.

4) Satisfied.

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13

While in college, the author expected that …

1) he would work on his CV after his graduation.

2) the university clubs would be beneficial for job search.

3) his diploma wouldn’t help him find a well-paid job.

4) references would be more important than work experience.

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14

The expression set you apart in “the most helpful things to set you apart from others” (paragraph 5) is closest in meaning to “make somebody sound …”

1) suitable.

2) professional.

3) different.

4) useful.

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15

Which of the following is NOT offered by the author's university as a support in seeking internships?

1) Meetings with prospective employers.

2) Online tips for finding internships.

3) Training procedures for selection.

4) Individual face-to-face consultations.

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16

What is the author’s overall attitude to internships?

1) It is better to look for a paid internship.

2) They should be available for students to apply.

3) It is important to get one to be competitive later.

4) It is too difficult to combine studies and work.

17
17

Why do companies want people with work experience, according to the text?

1) They mistrust college degrees.

2) They can save efforts teaching a newcomer.

3) They lack personnel for teaching.

4) The job market environment is too competitive

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18

What is the main goal of the article?

1) To help students find an internship.

2) To encourage students to apply for internships.

3) To share the author's experience of internships.

) To warn students against wrong career choices.

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—24, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 24. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.

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19
A cleaning wand

ONEA cleaning wand is a totally new invention. It features the advanced UV-C technology that helps to kill bacteria and germs. It’s the __________________ ever cleaning device you can literally take anywhere.

20
20

GOODThe __________________ thing about it is that it can clean anything.

21
21

WOMANThere’s no doubt that __________________ are going to like this invention very much.

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22
Robert Heinlein

THINKRobert A. Heinlein was a US science fiction author. He was among those writers who emphasized scientific accuracy in their fiction. He also __________________ it was necessary to challenge the readers.

23
23

THEYHe pointed out it was necessary to develop __________________ critical thinking.

24
24

BEHe pointed out that any science fiction book __________________ a success if the author followed these two important principles.

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 25—29, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 25—29.

25
25
Ivan Sechenov

VARYIvan Sechenov was an outstanding Russian scientist. He was born in 1829 in a noble family. His parents inspired young Ivan to continue his education throughout his entire life, and the boy followed their advice. At the age of 14 he chose to become a military engineer and studied __________________ technical subjects.

26
26

AWAREHowever, his heart was not really in it. In 1850 Sechenov entered Moscow Medical University with a full __________________ of the goals of his life.

27
27

WILLSechenov was a __________________ student, which enabled him to graduate among top students.

28
28

PERFECTHe mastered biology, anatomy, surgery and physiology to __________________.

29
29

PRINT After a short period of studying and working abroad Sechenov returned to Russia where he made numerous discoveries in psychology, physiology and anatomy, many of which we still use today. Publishing houses __________________ his scientific works every year.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 30 — 36. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 30 — 36, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

At the office

Max White tapped on Paul’s office door at 15.00. He walked in without 30 ______ for a response. Paul looked up from the papers on his desk and said, “Sit down, Max. Please 31 ______ me everything you know.”

It was Tuesday, the eighth of July; the day before, the rumors had been rampant throughout the company that more of the top executives were going to be sacked on the explicit orders of Brent Horn. 32 ______, nobody knew who would be terminated. So most of the people were 33 ______ about losing their jobs. An atmosphere of fear reigned in the company for the first time in over thirty years, and there was gloom on every floor of the building.

Max had all the information, as he had just told Paul on the phone; now he leaned closer and confided, “I understand George Sanford was given his walking orders late on Friday afternoon. And this week we’ll see the 34 ______ of Jim Cooper and John Turner, two good men.” It was terrible news. They had been with the company about as long as Paul had. They were among Brent Horn’s big supporters when he was trying to get the company back from the DeWitts. They were much 35 ______ by everyone. Paul couldn’t 36 ______ of their dismissal. He was truly shocked, and it showed. The company had changed the moment Brent Horn had taken control, and it genially concerned him.

30
30

1) tell

2) say

3) talk

4) speak

31
31

1) tell

2) say

3) talk

4) speak

32
32

1) Therefore

2) Although

3) Moreover

4) However

33
33

1) bothered

2) troubled

3) annoyed

4) worried

34
34

1) determination

2) demonstration

3) departure

4) destruction

35
35

1) respected

2) remained

3) recognized

4) regarded

36
36

1) accept

2) approve

3) appreciate

4) admire

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

При выполнении заданий 37 и 38 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

37

You have received an email message from your English-speaking pen-friend Kevin:

From: [email protected]

To: [email protected]

Subject: Reading preferences

…Last week I went to a book festival. It was fantastic! We spent two hours looking through new books and talking to authors. What is the last book you’ve read? What books do you have to read for your literature classes? How often do you spend time reading a book for pleasure?

I saw an interesting film in Spanish last week…

Write an email to Kevin.

In your message:

– answer his questions;

– ask 3 questions about the film.

Write 100–140 words.

Remember the rules of email writing.

38

38.1 Imagine that you are doing a project on why an IT career is very popular

among Zetland teenagers. You have found some data on the subject –

the results of the opinion polls (see the table below).

Comment on the data in the table and give your opinion on the subject

of the project.

Демонстрационный по английскому

Write 200–250 words.

Use the following plan:

– make an opening statement on the subject of the project;

– select and report 2–3 facts;

– make 1–2 comparisons where relevant and give your comments;

– outline a problem that can arise with some IT jobs and suggest a way

of solving it;

– conclude by giving and explaining your opinion on the importance of IT in the

modern world.

38.2 Imagine that you are doing a project on what gifts Zetland teenagers would

like to receive for their birthdays. You have found some data on the subject –

the results оf the opinion polls (see the pie chart below).

Comment on the data in the pie chart and give your opinion on the subject

of the project.

Демонстрационный по английскому

Write 200–250 words.

Use the following plan:

– make an opening statement on the subject of the project;

– select and report 2–3 facts;

– make 1–2 comparisons where relevant and give your comments;

– outline a problem that can arise with birthday presents and suggest a way of

solving it;

– conclude by giving and explaining your opinion on how to choose birthday

presents for your friends.

Раздел 5. Говорение

Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

39

There is nothing fancy or expensive about happiness. On the contrary, happiness is simple and slow. It means choosing peace and quiet over excitement. It is wearing your old pyjamas and watching a movie the day before Christmas. It is sitting in your window watching the weather while sipping your favourite tea on a rainy day. It is looking into the bonfire surrounded by your friends and family while your bread is slowly baking.

Happiness is always about appreciating the simple pleasures in life and thus it can be achieved on a really low budget. You cannot buy the right atmosphere or a sense of togetherness. It’s all about time, interest and engagement in the people around you. Thus, happiness is an atmosphere which is not improved by spending more money on it, but rather, in some ways, the opposite. After all, the best things in life are absolutely free.

40

Study the advertisement.

Демонстрационный по английскому

You are considering going to the mountains and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask four direct questions to find out about the following:

  • 1) duration of the tour;
  • 2) price for one;
  • 3) student discounts;
  • 4) special equipment needed.

You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.

Показать ответ
41

You are going to give an interview. You have to answer five questions. Give full answers to the questions (2–3 sentences). Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question

Interviewer: Hello everybody! It’s TeenagersRound the World Channel. Our guest today is a teenager from Russia and we are going to discuss teenagers’ attitude to local places of interest. We’d like to know our guest’s point of view on this issue. Please answer five questions. So, let’s get started.

Interviewer: What are some of the places of interest in your region? Why should a tourist see them?

Student: ________________________________________________________________

Interviewer: Is it important to preserve historical places? Why or why not?

Student: ________________________________________________________________

Interviewer: What is your favourite place in your home town? Why do you like it?

Student: ________________________________________________________________

Interviewer: What sort of places will be interesting for people in the future? Why do you think so?

Student: ________________________________________________________________

Interviewer: How can we make teenagers be more interested in local culture?

Student: ________________________________________________________________

Interviewer: Thank you very much for your interview.

Показать ответ
42

Imagine that you and your friend are doing a school project “Sports activities”. You have found some photos to illustrate it but for technical reasons you cannot send them now. Leave a voice message to your friend explaining your choice of the photos and sharing some ideas about the project. In 2.5 minutes be ready to:

  • explain the choice of the illustrations for the project by briefly describing them and noting the differences;
  • mention the advantages (1–2) of the two sports activities;
  • mention the disadvantages (1–2) of the two sports activities;
  • express your opinion on the subject of the project – which of the sports activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer and why.

You will speak for not more than 3 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

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