Раздел 1. Аудирование
- 1. I eat a lot trying to forget my problems.
- 2. I cannot lose weight as I combine exercising and eating unhealthy food.
- 3. I have gained weight after changing my habits.
- 4. I would like to lose weight without changing my habits radically.
- 5. I feel very unhappy because I cannot help eating unhealthy food.
- 6. I expected to gain weight but in fact I haven't.
- 7. I don't have any weight problems in spite of eating whatever I want.
Вы услышите разговор подруг. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1 — А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Sally likes "Alice in Wonderland" more now, as she understands it better.
- 1. True
- 2. False
- 3. Not stated
Sally's father loved "Alice in Wonderland" when he was a kid.
- 1. True
- 2. False
- 3. Not stated
The Mad Hatter's character makes Sally think of her own personality.
- 1. True
- 2. False
- 3. Not stated
"Alice in Wonderland" did not make a good impression upon Susan.
- 1. True
- 2. False
- 3. Not stated
Sally is sure that not everything is openly expressed in the book.
- 1. True
- 2. False
- 3. Not stated
Susan has seen all the film adaptations of "Alice in Wonderland".
- 1. True
- 2. False
- 3. Not stated
The narrator says that the Union is a body which
- 1. includes both — the students and the teachers.
- 2. is of a political character.
- 3. does not represent all groups of students.
According to the narrator the behavior of the Union members shows
- 1. a high level of intellect.
- 2. a lack of maturity.
- 3. a sense of responsibility.
The narrator ran for the office because
- 1. he had supporters.
- 2. he wanted the position.
- 3. he was sure he would make it.
The narrator is not happy about the Union because the members
- 1. are not aware of the current political situation in the world.
- 2. are too young to understand the interests of mature students.
- 3. tend to discuss their private affairs and problems.
The narrator thinks that the Union should
- 1. be abolished.
- 2. do its work better.
- 3. attract more attention.
The narrator believes that the Union members are interested in
- 1. getting more money for their work.
- 2. increasing their experience.
- 3. having fun together.
For the narrator the university is a place to
- 1. entertain himself.
- 2. entertain himself
- 3. study hard
Раздел 2. Чтение
- 1. Expenses
- 2. Ways of behaviour
- 3. Nightlife
- 4. Favourite food
- 5. Place to stay in
- 6. Eating out
- 7. National languages
- 8. Great outdoors
A. Norway is first of all a land for those who love nature. The breathtaking fjords in the southwest of the country and Europe's largest glacier are Norway's most attractive places, but there are many other reasons to visit this country in the north of Europe. There are wonderful opportunities to enjoy skiing, fishing and rock-climbing. Others can take pleasure in the charm of the Norwegian countryside, with its countless valleys, high mountain lakes and unbelievable views.
B. Many tourists coming to Norway in the summer prefer to stay in a cottage used by northern Norwegian fishermen during the winter cod-fishing season. Equipped with all the necessary facilities, these cottages are leased to holiday makers, providing an attractive form of accommodation. They will often be actually over the water. Catching your own fish and cooking it on the fire will add a few pleasant moments to your holiday.
C. Norway has a long history of fishing, although much of the high quality shellfish and other species caught off the coast are exported. However, fish remains a common dish, along with meat, potatoes and other root vegetables, although tastes have changed in recent years to involve a wider international choice, including pizzas and burgers. The most popular traditional hot snack is a form of sausage, sold at numerous outlets.
D. Traditionally entertainment in the country is largely home-based, but this has been changing in recent years. Most Norwegians tend to go out only on Fridays and Saturdays, the rest of the week being fairly quiet. This is in no small part due to the high prices of food and drink, and the fact that the working day starts early. And at weekends, it is normal for the Norwegians to enjoy drinks at home before leaving it as late as 11.00 p.m.
E. Restaurants tend to be concentrated in city centres, while in recent years the pub culture has been gradually arriving in Norway. Cities are nowadays well supplied with a wide choice of bars, many of which offer food that has a lower price compared to the restaurants. Most villages of any size have at least one cafe or restaurant where it is possible to drink and eat out.
F. Norwegians are generally sincere and polite, though communication doesn't often come easy — it is usually up to you to break the ice and establish contact. They can be very direct and rarely say 'please', which may seem rude, but it's due to the fact that the Norwegian language rarely uses the word. On the other hand, they say 'thank you' for almost everything. They also tend to address people by their first name even on many formal occasions.
G. Norway is an expensive country. As labour is costly here, anything that can be seen as a 'service' will generally be more expensive than you expect. Transport costs can also be a killer, because the country is large and distances are long. But there is one good point: Norway has a high quality of tap water. So buying bottled drinking water is usually unnecessary and this will save your budget.
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
- 1. whether laughing emerged earlier on than humans did
- 2. to create the evolutionary tree linking humans and apes
- 3. that laughter is a uniquely human trait
- 4. that humans were closest to chimps and bonobos
- 5. that laughing comes from a common primate ancestor
- 6. while their caretakers tickled them
- 7. to trace the origin of laughter back
The first hoots of laughter from an ancient ancestor of humans could be heard at least 10 million years ago, according to the results of a new study. Researchers used recordings of apes and babies being tickled A ___ to the last common ancestor that humans shared with the modern great apes, which include chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans.
The finding challenges the opinion В ___ , suggesting instead that it emerged long before humans split from the evolutionary path that led to our primate cousins, between 10m and 16m years ago. "In humans, laughing can be the strongest way of expressing how much we are enjoying ourselves, but it can also be used in other contexts, like making fun of someone," said Marina Davila Ross, a psychologist at Portsmouth University.
"I was interested in С ___ . Davila Ross travelled to seven zoos around Europe and visited a wildlife reserve in Sabah, Borneo, to record baby and juvenile apes D ___ . Great apes are known to make noises that are similar to laughter when they are excited and while they are playing with each other.
Davila Ross collected recordings of laughter from 21 chimps, gorillas, orangutans and bonobos and added recordings of three babies that were tickled to make them laugh. To analyze the recordings, the team put them into a computer program. "Our evolutionary tree based on these acoustic recordings alone showed E ___ , but furthest from orangutans, with gorillas somewhere in the middle." said Davila Ross. "What this shows is strong evidence to suggest F ___ .
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15—А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Scarcely had we settled into the Strawberry-pink Villa before my mother decided that I was running wild, and that it was necessary for me to have some sort of education. As usual when a problem arose, the entire family flung itself with enthusiasm into the task of solving it. Each member had his or her own idea of what was best for me.
Sitting under the open window in the twilight, I had listened with interest, not unmixed with indignation, to the family discussion of my fate. Finally my mother decided that George would be a good teacher for me. Now it was settled, I wondered vaguely who George was, and why it was so necessary for me to have lessons. But the dusk was thick with flower-scents, and the olive-groves were dark, mysterious, and fascinating. I forgot about the imminent danger of being educated, and went off with Roger to hunt for glow-worms in the sprawling brambles.
Later I discovered that George was my brother's friend and he had come to Corfu to write. There was nothing very unusual about this, for all Larry's acquaintances in those days were either authors, poets, or painters.
My new teacher came over to the villa to discuss my education with Mother, and we were introduced. We regarded each other with suspicion. George was a very tall and extremely thin man with a brown beard and a pair of large spectacles. He had a deep, melancholy voice, a dry and sarcastic sense of humor. However, he was not upset by the fact that there were no school-books available on the island; he simply looked through his own library and appeared on the appointed day armed with his own selection of books. He patiently taught me Geography from the maps in the back of an ancient copy of Pears Encyclopedia, English from books that ranged from Wilde to Gibbon, French from the book called "Le Petit Larousse", and mathematics from memory. From my point of view the most important thing was that we devoted some of our time to natural history, and George carefully taught me how to observe and how to note down observations in a diary. At once my enthusiastic interest in nature became focused, for I found that by writing things down I could learn and remember much more. The only morning that I was ever on time for my lessons were those which were given up to natural history.
Every morning at nine George would come into the little dining-room of the villa, sit at the table methodically arranging the books. He would droop over the exercise- book pensively, pulling at his beard. Then in his large, clear writing he would set the task for me to solve.
"If it took two caterpillars a week to eat eight leaves, how long would four caterpillars take to eat the same number? Now, apply yourself to that".
While I was struggling with the apparently insoluble problem of the caterpillar appetites, George was practicing some dancing moves in the hall as at that time he was engaged in learning some of the local dances, for which he had a passion. Through all this I would be watching him, fascinated, the exercise-book lying forgotten in front of me. Mathematics was not one of our successful subjects.
In geography we made better progress, for George was able to give a more zoological tinge to the lesson. We drew giant maps and then filled in the various places of interest, together with drawings of the most exciting animals and birds to be found there.
In paragraph 1 "I was running wild" means that the boy
- 1. hardly spent any time at home.
- 2. led an uncontrolled life.
- 3. became very angry.
- 4. had an unhealthy lifestyle.
How did the boy's family react to the problem of his education?
- 1. Actively discussed the situation.
- 2. Avoided any disputes on this topic.
- 3. Showed no desire in solving it.
- 4. Felt indifferent.
- 1. a teacher.
- 2. a dancer.
- 3. a writer.
- 4. a mathematician.
How did the boy and George feel when they first met?
- 1. They treated the situation with humor.
- 2. They were upset about their studies.
- 3. They didn't trust each other.
- 4. They liked each other very much.
Why did the boy enjoy his lessons of natural history?
- 1. He remembered much more from those lessons.
- 2. He got very interested in the subject.
- 3. He learned how to focus on the lesson.
- 4. He finally learnt how to write.
The boy couldn't solve the mathematics problem because he
- 1. didn't like to make any effort.
- 2. was not interested in caterpillars.
- 3. refused to do mathematics in general.
- 4. was distracted by his teacher's dances.
The geography lessons were more successful because
- 1. George knew geography better than mathematics.
- 2. the boy was fond of drawing maps of the continents.
- 3. the boy knew lots of interesting places already.
- 4. George also managed to involve the boy's interest in fauna.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4 — В10. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
Not canFor years my husband, Tom, and I had complained bitterly about the lack of sidewalks in our village. We didn't have enough exercise but we ___ jog because there were no sidewalks.
ITom had often told ____ , «If only we had sidewalks, we would jog or walk daily and become models of fitness».
BadSo we were thrilled when a community sidewalk project was announced, and watched eagerly as paving neared completion. Then the ___ thing happened: wishful thinking and reality collided.
Think«Well, dear,» Tom said. «What'll we use as an excuse for not walking now?» I said I ___ of some excuse.
DeclareIn the USA, Memorial Day is the last Monday in May. Memorial Day ___ a national holiday in 1971.
TheyBut the tradition of honoring those who died in defense of ___ country goes back to the Civil War. The tradition to hold memorial services, visit the cemeteries, decorate the graves with flowers and wreaths originated in Waterloo, New York, in 1866.
ChangeSince then, the tradition ___ . Nowadays, on Memorial Day Americans honor not only soldiers who perished in wars but those loved ones who have died.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк В11—В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11—В16.
CountThe importance of animals in British life is reflected in many ways. In the past, landowners liked to be portrayed with their dogs and horses. ____ pictures of this kind can be seen in art galleries and private residences.
WideAnimal are ___ used in advertising in magazines and on television.
PreventThe Royal Society for the ___ of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) is one of the largest charities in Britain.
MoveRSPCA is a part of a more general ___ in support of animal rights that has emerged recently in Britain and the USA.
VaryAnimal rights organizations use ___ tactics: picketing stores that sell furs, harassing hunters in the wild, or breaking into laboratories to free animals.
OwnTheir main aim is to ban the cruel treatment and killing of animals both in laboratory experiments and in factory farming. The irresponsible and neglectful treatment of animals by some zoo and pet is ___ also their concern.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 — А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22 — А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Vicky gave this party every year, just before Christmas. She A22 ___ to do it before the war and she was doing it now, when the war was over. It was always the same people who came. It struck her suddenly how clannish they all were, but then the Deravenels in particular were somewhat addicted to their family. Vicky knew that she could always depend A23 ___ her relatives on crisis.
She was A24 ___ the guests greet each other and share the news. Vicky thought f her sister-in-law Kathleen, not present tonight. Vicky missed her presence. When Will had arrived tonight, he had A25 ___ that Kathleen was really sick. “But not Spanish flu,” he had added swiftly, observing the look of apprehension crossing her face, “just a heavy cold.”
Fenella’s voice brought her out of her reverie, and she looked across at her old friend, who was saying, “How is Charlie feeling?”
“He’s relieved he is safely home, but his wounds still hurt and he feels depressed …” She looked at Fenella as if A26 ___ advice.
“Mr. Ridgely made a remark to me the other day that he wished there was somewhere wounded soldiers could go, to have some sort of recreation, talk to other soldiers”, said Finella.
“That’s an interesting idea” Vicky glanced at the others, A27 ___ a brow. “Don’t you agree?”
“To A28 ___ the truth, I do,” Stephen answered, always ready to back his wife in her project. “I think such a place would be quite marvelous for the wounded men who are now coming home.” Fenella nodded.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания С1, С2 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишете свой ответ.
C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom who writes:
Last summer my parents and I went hiking to the mountains. We spent the whole week together and enjoyed it very much. How often do you take active holidays? Who do you think is the best company for you? What extreme sports would you like to try, if any, and why?
Last month our English class got an interesting project. We wrote a paper about interesting events in the past of our country ...
Write a letter to Tom
In your letter:
- answer his questions;
- ask 3 questions about his project paper
Write 100 — 140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
C2. You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.
Some people think that you can have only one true friend.
What is your opinion?
Write 200—250 words.
Use the following plan:
- make an introduction (state the problem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make a conclusion restating your position