Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
A. Uniforms can 'hide' people
B. Uniform rules can be too strict
C. Dress-code as a sort of uniform
D. Dress codes can prevent us looking our best
E. Unbelievable coincidence
F. Uniforms are always dull
G. Dress-codes can be fun
Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A— G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. It took Alice nearly four hours to get home.
B. Michael wanted to see the film "Avatar".
C. There was no chance for them to watch TV that evening.
D. Alice would quite like to see the film about The Doors.
E. Alice is really enjoying her essay on Shakespeare.
F. Alice thinks that Michael should choose a red car.
G. Michael is not sure if he can afford a new car.
The girls decided to photograph a tiger in the wild in
1. the Aravali hills.
3. Ranthambhore Park.
A good guide was essential to
1. get a jeep.
2. secure a giant truck.
3. provide technical support for the cameras.
The clothes chosen for the expedition were needed
1. for cold mornings.
2. for extremes of hot and cold.
3. to meet technical requirements.
Until that day the girls managed to get really good shots of
1. small animals like lizards, hares, gazelles.
2. leopards and boars.
3. all the target species.
The girls knew that
1. huge patience guaranteed a tiger sighting.
2. there was no guarantee of seeing a tiger.
3. skill was more important than luck to find a tiger.
The best photograph taken that day was that of
1. the beautiful tigress.
2. a sustained sequence of three cubs and the tigress.
3. a single cub.
The fact that the girls left after 5 minutes demonstrated their
1. gratitude to Farid.
2. politeness to the tigers.
3. acceptance of park laws.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Motivating opportunity
2. Books come first
3. Teachers to come first
4. Junk food — out
5. Numbers come first
6. Relevant for today
7. Learn by using
8. Fewer and worse
A. High school students have rights protected by the Constitution like everyone else, but it is complicated. There is no one set of rules. State laws differ from federal laws, and school board regulations vary from place to place. Students discover what rights they have by trying to exercise them, and, if prevented, taking the school to court.
B. Kids who live on junk food grow up to be fat and unhealthy, so schools should teach good health. They should fill their vending machines with health foods, and lunch programs should serve nothing but nutritious meals. If some kids complain, so what? They complain about algebra, too.
C. There is a new five-year program that lets students earn a high school diploma and two years of college at no cost. It is getting kids who are at risk to become more mature in the lower grades, to take college-preparatory courses, study harder, and focus on a career. Once in the program, very few drop out.
D. Neuroscience (brain science) is finding out how teaching affects the brain. It has discovered pre-school kids can learn numbers and simple math because the number instinct is hard-wired in the brain. So is the language instinct, but teaching kids to read is harder. It takes longer for the brain to connect sounds with letters—up to 11 years.
E. In hard times, colleges must be relevant. Today's students want Chinese and Arabic, not Latin and Greek. Economics is in demand; and even English classes are teaching how to network, write a resume, and present oneself in an interview. It is not a good time to be a philosophy professor.
F. Computers help with drills and practice, but they are not much help in higher-level thinking. In the lower grades, money is better spent on new textbooks, music programs and the arts. In the higher grades, there is no choice. Everyone should learn to use the electronic genie.
G. The US program, No Child Left. Behind, seeks to place a qualified teacher in every classroom. But where is the pool of qualified people out there waiting to teach disadvantaged kids in the cities? US policy should provide better training and support for those already teaching. They could start a new program and call it No Teacher Left Behind.
Установите соответствие предложений 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одно предложение лишнее.
1. me to take a print of your credit card
2. points poured out smoothly, no verbal
3. if I would even see her when
4. although it seemed virtually identical
5. so sure was I that nobody would
6. me to help you with your luggage
7. as if I am being processed like a product
"Have you stayed with us before sir?" asked the receptionist. His accent sounded middle-European; Czech possibly or Polish. Actually I hadn't stayed at this particular hotel before A ___ to many others from the same chain that I had stayed at. "No — first time" I replied with unnecessary brevity. The thing is I always feel В ___ rather than treated as an individual. Every word that I was about to hear, I had heard before — delivered no doubt from the depths of a tourism and hospitality course. "Welcome to Newcastle sir. Is this your first visit to our city? Can I trouble you to complete this form? Actually the first two lines and the signature at the bottom will do. Would you like С ___ , Sir? This will automatically unlock room facilities like mini-bar and telephone and any other extras you may require. Can I see your passport sir?" The questions and information D ___ responses were actually required and I handed over my passport, credit card and partly filled out form. I was tempted to write under name and address "Donald Duck, Duck Towers, Disney Street" — E ___ ever read the form again. But being a creature of habit I wrote my real name and address. While my card was being processed I looked across the reception area through the wall height windows to the beautiful River Tyne. A wave of nostalgia came over me. It was good to be back. I found myself thinking about her again and wondering F ___ a voice broke in: "It's a plastic key card sir. You also need it to activate the lift and when you get to your room, plug it into the switch on the left as you open the door. It will automatically supply electricity to the room. Any help with your baggage? No? Then enjoy your stay". The accomplished young Pole smiled as he delivered the final command and duly processed, I proceeded to the card activated lift.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
I went to school in a large village called Kimbolton in the county of Cambridgeshire. In recent years I have been reminded of my time there by, strangely enough, the Harry Potter books by J.K. Rowling. The first and most obvious reason is that Kimbolton is a castle school; just as Hogwarts is the castle school for Harry and his friends.
Hogwarts is of course filled with ghosts, such as Sir Nicholas de Mimsy Porpington — better known as Nearly Headless Nick: But Kimbolton also has a reputation for being haunted and in fact lays claim to a very famous ghost. This is Katherine of Aragon — the first wife of Henry VTH. She was sent there in April 1634 after refusing to accept the legality of Henry's divorce proceedings. When I arrived there as a first year in September 1971, I was told that her ghost was often seen — but only from the knees upwards. This, I was told, was because she walked on the original rather than the later modern floors. I am ashamed to confess that at times we set up "ghostly" tricks to scare our friends. These usually involved almost invisible fishing lines being used to "mysteriously" open and close cupboards or move chairs.
There are other comparisons to be made however. In Harry Potter's Hogwarts School there are four "houses"; Gryfinndor, Hufflepuff, Ravenclaw and the dark house, Slytherin. The four houses being named after famous headmasters of Hogwarts' past. At Kimbolton we also had four houses named for the same reason. They were called Ingram's, Bailey's, Dawson's and Gibbard's. As I recall there were no sinister connotations with any house although probably the Slytherin equivalent was Gibbard's. At the time Gibbard's was the house for "day boys" who lived at home and travelled to school each day. The other houses were for the "borders" that lived in the castle. The dayboys were nicknamed "day bugs" and the residents were called "border bugs". I was a day bug.
There were common rooms and detentions which I suppose all schools still have. But few schools, like Kimbolton, have narrow, long corridors lined with portraits whose eyes seem to follow you round! Mind you — none of our paintings spoke to us as they sometimes do at Hogwarts! Kimbolton also has a fantastic staircase in the castle and huge murals by the Italian Rococo painter Pellegrini.
Apart from the castle, ghosts and houses there were other comparisons to Hogwarts. The teachers (who were called masters) also wore black gowns and addressed us only by our surnames. We pupils had to wear suits and ties to school and actually were not allowed to take our jackets off unless the day was exceptionally hot. But there were some fairly important differences too.
Firstly Kimbolton, at the time I was there, was a school only for boys. It has changed since, but then we had no Hermione Grangers to fight against evil with. We played football and cricket rather than Quidditch and took 'O' Levels rather than OWLS. That is "Ordinary" Level exams rather than "Ordinary Wizarding Levels". But still, looking back on it all, I have to say that I, at least, thought the place was rather magical.
The first similarity between the narrator's school and Hogwarts is that both schools are situated
1. far from pupils' homes.
2. in an unusual school building.
3. not far from London.
4. near a village.
Students in Kimbolton School believed that
1. Katherine of Aragon became a ghost as Henry VIII murdered her.
2. the ghost could be scared by moving furniture with a fishing line.
3. the ghost regularly appeared in the castle at midnight.
4. the ghost could be seen partially, if at all.
Kimbolton School had four houses that
1. got their names as in Hogwarts.
2. selected students similarly to Hogwarts.
3. had different reputation as at Hogwarts.
4. had the same names as houses at Hogwarts.
The house the narrator belonged to
1. was the privileged one.
2. had an evil reputation.
3. had one particular difference.
4. was similar to other houses.
The narrator thinks Kimbolton was not like other schools as it had
1. a special system of punishments.
2. a very special kind of decor.
3. common rooms.
4. several houses.
Both teachers and students in the narrator's school
1. had to follow a certain dress code.
2. were dressed in school uniform.
3. were addressed by their surnames.
4. could be compared to the ones in Hogwarts.
According to the narrator, Kimbolton was unlike Hogwarts because it
1. had a different exam system.
2. had a different kind of magic.
3. used to be a school for boys.
4. had recently become a school for boys.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
ITWhen it comes to California summer camps for kids, Skylake Yosemite Summer Camp is the very best. This year the camp is celebrating ___ 66th season.
LookIf you ___ for a summer camp your kids will love, we invite you to consider Skylake.
LocateWe ___ in the California Sierra National Forest, on Bass Lake, just a few miles from the south gates of Yosemite National Park. Skylake Yosemite is the kind of summer camp kids love.
IncludeOur dock on Bass Lake offers a variety of fun-packed waterfront activities, ___ warm-water swimming, waterskiing and tubing, and canoes and kayaks. All staff members are First Aid Certified and have Water Safety Certifications.
SocietyLast year I started a new school. We have lots of clubs and ___ at our school and we are supposed to be involved in quite a few after school.
BadSome of them are pretty boring but it could be ___ . At least there is a lot of choice and it can make a nice change from the unnatural quantities of homework or even from natural quantities of computer games and TV!
FastMy favourite is the Drama Society. It is currently the ___ growing as our next production is "Much Ado About Nothing" and someone will get the chance to kiss Kim White on stage.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
PopularFor years the old town theatre was a failure. It was very expensive, but not comfortable, and most of they plays performed were ___ .
CommerceIn an attempt to make it more ___ , they began putting on more comedies and well known, successful dramas.
MainBecause the audiences were made up of ___ young people with low incomes and students, discounted tickets were introduced.
AddIn ___ , there was the issue of the uncomfortable seating. Despite the huge cost, the old seats were ripped out and new ones installed.
AnxietyAll of these measures made the theatre's new owner rather ___ . Would there be enough new customers to make up for all the money invested?
But in ___ everything has worked out pretty well. Audiences are on average three times larger than before. The theatre is now an outstanding success.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
As a small child I loved almost everything about Christmas. The excitement of Christmas Eve was almost unbearable. We'd go from house to house singing Christmas carols and be given hot mince pies and other 32 ___ . Before bed our parents would read us stories and eventually put us to bed with warnings that Santa Claus would not come if we stayed awake. Before 33 ___ into bed we would leave out a mince pie for Santa and something for his reindeers as a "thank you": For me Santa was the great hero and I never 34 ___ that he would come down our chimney to deliver my presents. I loved, as I mentioned before, "almost everything". Immediately after Christmas I was told by my parents that I had to write "thank you letters". As a six year old, writing 35 ___ one letter was a task, but several made a mountain — pressing down on my small world. "Why" I argued to my Mum "should I write to grandparents, aunts and uncles? Santa brought me all my presents". And my mother would lie to her son. 36 ___ lies of how Santa helped Granddad choose my toy car and with the help of elves and reindeer delivered it for Granddad — but that still I should thank Granddad for the small part he played in it. The following year her lies were even more devious as she tried to 37 ___ me convinced. As I eventually solved this annual mystery, I of course lost all 38 ___ for not writing the "Thank you letters" as the realisation dawned that Granddad had managed everything by himself.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39, 40 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания 39, 40, а потом пишете свой ответ.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Technology refers to tools and machines that may be used to solve real-world problems. It is a far-reaching term that may include simple tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, or more complex machines, such as a space station or particle accelerator. The word ‘technology’ can also be used to refer to a collection of techniques.
Man’s use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools. The prehistoric discovery of the ability to control fire increased the available sources of food. The invention of the wheel helped humans to travel and to control their environment. Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture.
Technology has affected society in a number of ways. In many societies, technology has helped to develop more advanced economies, including today’s global economy. Recent technological developments, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. However, not all technologies have been used for peaceful purposes. The development of weapons of ever-increasing destructive power has progressed throughout history, from clubs to nuclear weapons.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering buying a Labrador puppy and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
- date of birth
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
Imaging that while travelling during your holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. In your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number ...” .
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.
редактор Екатерина Высоцкая
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