Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
A. It is good to be spontaneous when travelling.
B. Weekends can be really boring.
C. Weekends are perfect for long walks.
D. The best thing about Saturday morning is breakfast.
E. It's good to get outside at the weekend.
F. Sundays are for meeting friends and chatting.
G. Sport is more about fun than prizes.
Вы услышите разговор брата и сестры о планах на отпуск. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A— G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. Katie's initial view about Paul's summer plans is entirely positive.
B. Katie enjoys department store work.
C. They finally agree that there is no excuse for not being computer literate.
D. In the summer Paul will work individually with every trainee.
E. Paul has been a volunteer before.
F. Katie never volunteered for anything.
G. Paul believes they share the same motives for their summer holidays.
Viral marketing is used to promote
1. only chocolate, health products and football teams..
2. things that potential buyers need badly.
3. all types of goods, products and other things.
What is TRUE about Viral marketing and advertising?
1. It is inexpensive compared to traditional advertising.
2. It is always more successful than "hard sell" advertising.
3. It randomly contacts huge numbers of people.
What is NOT TRUE about Viral advertising and marketing?
1. It forces people to buy unnecessary things.
2. It only works on teenagers or people with hobbies.
3. It is the practice of placing messages on Internet sites.
It is called an epidemic when
1. huge numbers of people buy what they really need.
2. lots of people become internet friends.
3. huge numbers of people pass on a sales message.
Many believe that viral marketing is wrong because
1. it steals peoples secrets.
2. hired people pretend to be members of a chat group.
3. it puts innocent comments on the internet.
Astroturfing is about
1. sharing and discussing political opinions.
2. spontaneous "word of mouth" opinion sharing.
3. falsely creating public opinion.
The writer believes the best way to get an opinion is to
1. be cautious about astroturfing techniques.
2. hear it in real conversations.
3. avoid fake messages.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. The wrong goal
2. Extra-curricular over load
3. Too much homework
4. Arguably helpful
5. Too stressful
6. Too many distractions
7. A better system
8. Poor co-ordination
A. My problem with homework is that I am rather fond of TV and computer games. Every evening after school it is the same. I start with the highest intentions. I'll just play one round of Final fantasy and then begin. But it tends to be three rounds and then tea time. Oh — and then my favourite program begins in 10 minutes so I'll start after that. And so it goes on. Probably I lack motivation.
B. It is so much faster doing homework these days. All our assignments can be done on the PC which means correcting and changing things is so easy. But of course the Internet is the biggest shortcut of all. Maybe it's true what they say that it stops you reading textbooks. You get snatches of information rather than the whole story. Maybe I should try to use the internet less.
C. I am a drummer and a pianist. The school really encourages this and I have two one hour lessons a week plus one to two hours daily practice. I am in the basketball team. The school encourages this and we practice twice a week. I got picked to be in the school play. Rehearsals are two hours a week. Will somebody please tell me when I am supposed to get my homework done?
D. Exam practice, constant revision, exam techniques and how to get the highest possible grade— is this what education is supposed to be about? The school seems obsessed with grades and the school results league table. We are currently 17th highest achievers in England but if we really try hard this year we might make top 10. Silly me! I thought education was about learning and preparing for adult life.
E. For some kids exams bring more pressure than they can cope with. They worry about what their parents will say, not to mention what their teachers or class mates will think. No wonder some of them freeze up in the exam hall and are unable to write anything out of sheer nerves.
F. Why do they do it? We get three weeks in a row with minimal homework and then every teacher in the school sets a massive assignment to be completed "by next Friday — no late submissions". Why don't they get together and try and even the load?
G. I think Continuous Assessment is a very sensible idea. Education should not simply be about slick exam performance, but about overall how you perform in school — how you study, how much you read, how logical and clear your essay arguments are. 50% of our final grading should be based on course work. I think it is fair.
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
1. not like to spend our time
2. that it's probably not quite
3. that particular day turned
4. our real shopping in
5. sometimes go shopping for real
6. anything you want and there is
7. but when we are together
The day would be spent with my best friends Kath and Kate. We are actually three Catherines (by birth spelt with а С), A ___ we are all K's: Kat (that's me), Kath and Kate — the 3K Window Shopping gang! Window shopping is simply wonderful. You can look at any outfit. You can try on В ___ not a single item on sale for which the price is a problem. You will try something on, ponder, pout, twirl, think hard, check yourself in the mirror one last time and finally reflect С ___ right for you! The highlight of this regular adventure however, is generally the 3K chocolate and ice cream break in the Shopping Centre's top floor cafii Of course we do not believe that we are wasting anyone's time. We do D ___ as well, but a reliable equation for us is — 3Ks + shopping mall = a good time. But E ___ out to be especially memorable. One of the stores had a questionnaire lottery with the first prize being a voucher worth £ 200. We filled in the question forms while in the caffiand returned to the store by their 2.00 pm deadline. Kate won the first prize but we had decided in advance that if any of us won something, we would share equally: All for one К and one for all! At this point our morning of window shopping paid off. We completed F ___ slightly less than 10 minutes: three skirts, three hats and three belts and three very OK, K's.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
At that time the people of Britain would have been shocked to know that women were flying their most famous war plane. But the fact is that the ATA (Air Transport Auxiliary) had over 100 women pilots who delivered more than 300,000 air craft during the war. We had to fly the Spitfires from the factories and deliver them to airfields dotted around the south of England. Normally we would be flying in daylight with good visibility conditions. That is why we were never given instrument training as our instructors told us that with all the restrictions of war time, there was no time or money to spare for this luxury.
Occasionally we had to fly other aircraft — without any kind of additional training at all. Probably some high ranking, non-flying military official somewhere said that all aircraft were exactly the same to fly. Well — I can assure you that this is not true. With unfamiliar aircraft we had ten minutes to read an instruction booklet called the "Ferry Pilot Notes": And that was it. We had to climb in, fire up, taxi and then take off in completely unknown flying machines.
That particular day, the day I came so close to death, was my twenty first birthday. I had no cake or candles that day and my two friends and myself shared some chocolate— the only luxury available in those days. We drank apple juice, and ate apples and cheese. We entertained ourselves with silly stories. But at one solemn moment we also made a toast to absent friends and remembered the girls who had died delivering aircraft.
In the morning we were driven to the factory and my worst fears were realized. Instead of a lovely new and familiar Spitfire I had a bulky Torpedo bomber. We all hated these as several had crashed without any clear reason why. I was able to take the Ferry Pilot Notes into the canteen and studied them over breakfast. I had a very uneasy feeling in my stomach which had nothing to do with the breakfast I was consuming. I had birthday kisses from the other girls but it only made me feel worse.
At about 111 was given my flight plan and it was time to go. I looked at the sky. There was a strange quality to the light that I didn't like and I was worried. With no instrument training, fog or mist made flying incredibly dangerous and absolutely terrifying. With a heavy heart I fired up the engine.
Within 20 minutes I was approaching the river Forth. But I couldn't see the river as clouds thickened up around me. I took the aircraft lower and lower looking for a glimpse of the ground. At one point I was sure that I was virtually at ground level but I couldn't see a thing. It was too dangerous to continue. I could hear my heart beating even over the roar of the engine.
When it happened — it happened really quickly. The plane hit water. I didn't see anything. I was thrown against my straps — and then a flood of cold seawater in my eyes and mouth. I was a mile out to sea!
I was certain I was going to die. Funnily enough — I was perfectly calm. I even thought that my ATA insurance payment would really be a big help to my Mother. But then survival instinct kicked in. I was still alive — and close to shore. I had no life jacket or any survival gear but I was a good swimmer. I was certain there were no bones broken and I didn't have to swim far. I was picked up by a fishing boat that I had narrowly missed in the fog. And in the end I got a real birthday drink after all — a cup of spiced, dark rum.
Women pilots from ATA had no instrument training because
1. it was an auxiliary air force.
2. they were not supposed to fly in low visibility.
3. their main job was to deliver Spitfires to airdromes.
4. there was no money for this during the war.
"Ferry Pilot notes" were instruction booklets written to
1. help women pilots.
2. explain how to fly the plane.
3. ensure further training.
4. explain how to behave in dangerous situations.
The narrator and her friends had no cake because
1. it was still the day before her birthday.
2. they preferred apples and cheese.
3. it was hard to obtain one in wartime.
4. it was a tradition to eat it in the pilot canteen.
The narrator was unhappy to take a Torpedo bomber because
1. it was a bulky aircraft.
2. she preferred to fly Spitfires.
3. she didn't know how to fly it.
4. the plane was notorious.
The narrator flew with a heavy heart because she
1. didn't feel healthy.
2. found her flying plan incredibly dangerous.
3. was worried there might be poor visibility.
4. was in a blue mood.
The narrator's words 'It was too dangerous to continue' refer to her decision to
1. keep on flying lower.
2. make an emergency landing on the water.
3. continue the flight.
4. ignore her heart problems.
The moment the plane crash landed the narrator
1. was sure she could swim to shore.
2. prepared to die.
3. wished she had a life jacket.
4. worried about her mother.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
CountryEach summer the UK welcomes children to international summer schools. They come from more than 45 different ___ and many of them come to Dean Close year after year.
We___ summer school provides a safe, stimulating WE environment for international students aged 11 to 16 to learn English, experience life in the UK and make strong friendships.
KnowEvery student receives 15 hours of lessons each week from qualified and imaginative teachers. Evening activities give students the opportunity to relax after a long day and get ___ one another in a relaxed, multi-national environment.
Involve9.00 am is Assembly time. This ___ our being counted, told to be good and fifteen minutes of mind numbing boredom.
LearnOn Tuesdays we begin with double biology. This means 90 minutes instead of 45. You feel as if you actually ___ something.
EatThen follows a 20 minute break and two single periods on History and French. Lunch lasts an hour. We spend about 10 minutes oil ___ and then have 50 minutes for football.
OrganiseOne time a tournament ____ between two classes. We got so involved in the game we failed to notice the bell and got into terrible trouble for being late for class.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
ApprenticeIlya Yefimovich Repin was born in Kharkov, Ukraine in 1844. Aged 22, after an ___ that covered icon painting and portraiture, he was admitted as a student to the Imperial Academy of Arts in St Petersburg
FranceFor more than 3 years, supported by the Academy, Repin lived in Italy and France where he was exposed to ___ Impressionist painting. This influenced his use of light and colour but he never became an impressionist.
PsychologyInstead he developed "a realist" style of painting. His works often revealed great ___ depth and exposed tensions within the existing social and political order. In his old age he was celebrated within the USSR.
CourageThe fact that in the Soviet Union he was eventually identified with the school of "Socialist Realism" may have harmed his reputation in the West. This is a pity because western prejudice may have ___ many art lovers from looking closely at Repin's work.
AmbitionThe fact is that Repin painted some of the most exciting, original and ___ paintings of his age. "Party", "They Did Not Expect Him" and "Reply of the Zaporochian Cossacks" are just a few of his many masterpieces.
TenseBut his greatest contribution to the history of art lies in his fabulous portraits. They are filled sometimes with ___ sometimes with humour and tell stories with the hint of a smile and amazing contrasts of shades.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Tracey and her sister had always wanted their own horse. And although neither of them had much spare money, they were about to 32 ___ their dream. The tricky part was not getting a horse but actually finding somewhere to keep one. But eventually Mrs. Richards agreed to let the girls 33 ___ a small field at the far end of the firm. This was going to 34 ___ them £ 500 a year but it would work out at just over 20 pounds per month each which was OK. The horse himself was coming from the Horse Rescue Charity. They would need to make a small donation every year to cover the cost of an animal welfare inspector who would visit twice a year. The 35 ___ expenses after this would be for food and vet bills. But the two girls were 36 ___ that they could manage and were committed to going ahead. And it was a big commitment. They were getting an eighteen month old skewbald colt named Domino. Horses often live over twenty years and the sisters were taking him on 37 ___ life. Actually they had plans to get another horse as a friend for Domino. But first of all Domino would need to settle down. He had been badly treated by his previous owners and was still a bit nervous and difficult to 38 ___ .
Раздел 4. Письмо
При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Online education is rapidly increasing due to the development of computer technology. It competes with traditional education on every level today. With the surge in Internet usage, online schools are growing in their offerings and quality.
Online education is intended for those who cannot attend classes and communicate with the professor face to face. Education is delivered via the Internet, multimedia resources or videoconferencing. Professors and students communicate by exchanging electronic media or in real time. Some universities offer online student support services, such as online advising and registration, e-counseling, online textbook purchase, student governments and even student newspapers.
Online education offers convenience and flexibility. Students do not have to attend classes and they can work at their own pace within a schedule that they set for themselves. However, having a course online does not mean that there will be less work. Online classes have deadlines and due dates for assignments. If students want to be successful in an online course, they will have to maintain a schedule.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering going on a cruise and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
- new vacation packages
- sail dates
- restaurants, spas, lounges, bars and clubs
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
Imaging that while travelling during your holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. In your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number ...” .
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the football matches presented in the pictures you’d watch
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.
редактор Екатерина Высоцкая
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