Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
A. Good books can transport you to other worlds.
B. It's nice practice to give away books that you have already read.
C. In some cases it is not bad to watch a screen version of the book.
D. The difficult language of some writers can hide a good story.
E. A good mixture of mental stimulation is good.
F. Old novels are not worth reading.
G. Traditional reading will never stop.
Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A— G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. Ivy previously believed she could never learn to use computers.
2. Ivy's husband Fred is impressed by Paul.
3. Fred has been on a computer course before.
4. Paul refused to take Fred as his trainee.
5. James and Katie will do two evenings a week in September.
6. CLAIT is easier than the Office Skills course.
7. Ivy plans to finish both CLAIT and Office Skills courses by the end of winter.
The narrator was
1. a naturally talented cook.
2. just able to follow recipes.
3. a qualified chef.
The narrator worked in the kitchen with a man, who was from
1. Panama City, Florida.
2. French Louisiana.
3. Los Angeles.
When the narrator was asked in the dining room he worried because he thought
1. the problem might have been his fault.
2. the woman would make a complaint.
3. that Suzie would call the police.
The lady was unhappy because she
1. expected better service.
2. didn't like the taste of the food.
3. was afraid of the shrimp 'staring' at her.
In the end the unhappy customer
1. ate the same dish.
2. ordered another dish.
3. refused to eat anything at the restaurant.
The narrator was asked to return to the dining room again because
1. Suzie wanted to see him.
2. other customers insisted on it.
3. the unhappy customer came back.
The narrator was generously rewarded for
1. being inventive as a cook.
2. his ability to compromise.
3. being calm and kind to a difficult client.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Naturally different
2. Big age difference
3. Different opinions
4. Different ambitions
5. Small differences
6. No difference at all
7. Different rules
8. Learning to be different
A. John and James are identical twins but they don't go to the same school. Their parents felt this would help them develop individual tastes, interests and styles-but the boys at first hated the idea. Now they are really happy at their schools but occasionally they swap places just for fun! The brothers are best friends but they now agree that their parents were probably correct.
B. Anna and Beth are twin sisters but they are most unlike each other. Technically they are "non-identical" twins. Anna is blonde and Beth is a brunette. Anna is noisy, energetic and always crashing around to hip hop and rap. Beth is much quieter and likes listening to classical music and reading. Anna eats anything and Beth is a vegetarian. But they are, absolutely, the closest and best of friends.
C. The Perkins children, Sally and John, both study hard every evening after college and most weekends. Sally studies French, history and Art. She plans to go to university in Paris and wants to either work in a museum or an art sale room. John studies the Russian language, business studies and maths. He wants to study in St. Petersburg and to set up his own import business. I am sure both will succeed.
D. Greg's dad believes that there is no original, exciting new music being written and performed today. Greg strongly disagrees and can name several new bands and singers that are both completely original and really popular. But his Dad is a professional musician and was quite successful when he was young. He argues that nearly every successful song now is simply a reworked version of an older one.
E. In the UK you can legally do different things depending on your age. You can vote for a new government at 18 but at 17 you cannot drink a beer. At 16 you can marry and become a parent but you cannot drive to your wedding or make a traditional toast! Meanwhile lots of bars and clubs are open only to people above 21 which means, married, voting, car driving parents could still be too young to enter.
F. Serious stamp collectors are men and women who appreciate details. To the casual observer, the oldest postage stamps in the world — the Victorian "Penny Blacks" — all look identical. Millions were made but only a few of them are truly valuable. A serious collector knows this and the ability to find tiny variations in the paper, ink or code used helps them to find the "Penny Black's" that are rare and valuable.
G. Dina Ruiz has Japanese and black ancestry on her father's side of the family and English, Welsh and German on her mother's. She was born in California and married her husband, actor Clint Eastwood, in Las Vegas. When she first met Eastwood, she was 28 and he was 63. She is most famous as a TV news "anchor" and is Chair of The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts.
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
1.who suggested in his letter to Count Shuvalov the idea
2. to mechanics, chemistry and mineralogy
3. a person of formidable willpower and keen scientific mind
4. favourite of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna, the patron of arts and science
5. the contemporary European powers in
6. are marked by special events and festivities at
7. famous among all educated people
Mikhail Lomonosov was one of the intellectual titans of XVIII century. His interests ranged from history, rhetoric, art and poetry A ___ . Alexander Pushkin described him as В ___ , whose lifelong passion was learning. Lomonosov's activity is a manifestation of the enormous potential of the Russian scientific community. Peter I reformed Russia, which allowed the country to reach the standard of С ___ many spheres. Great importance was placed on education. St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, founded by Peter I, established a university and a grammar school to educate intellectuals and researchers the country needed; however, these educational establishments could not fulfill the task they took on. It was Michail Lomonosov D ___ of establishing a university in Moscow. An influential courtier and the E ___ Count Shuvalov supported Lomonosov's plans for a new university and presented them to the Empress. In 1755, on 25 January-St. Tatiana's Day according to the Russian Orthodox Church calendar — Elizaveta signed the decree that a university should be founded in Moscow. The opening ceremony took place on 26 April, when Elizaveta's coronation day was celebrated. Since 1755 25 January arid 26 April F ___ Moscow University; the annual conference where students present the results of their research work is traditionally held in April.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
The family meal time is one of the most valuable routines to establish in the life of a family. Research has proved that children who eat at least one meal a week with their families benefit greatly in terms of social skills and acceptance of shared responsibilities. They learn simply and directly through their own experience, the importance of family interaction find the value of close friendship, support and loyalty
In theory and with practice, a shared meal can be the setting for peaceful conversation and allow each family member the opportunity to talk about his/her day, and possibly to discuss any problems or issues. Successful family meal times are primarily about talking and communication. In the modern age of 24 hour TV, computer games and computer social networking sites — the fact is that it is often easier to eat alone rather than together. Furthermore, if parents fail to establish these routines whilst their children are young it is very hard to implement them when the kids become teenagers. But it is not impossible. There are various strategies available for promoting shared family meals.
It is of first importance that every family member should be made to understand the possible benefits; namely that our lives really can be better in general if we make the effort to communicate more effectively. Next step — a weekly meal together can be set as a realistic first goal. The meal should be quite a tasty and popular one as an inducement to keep the kids away from computers and TV sets!
It is important that shared meals should not be the setting for trying to deal with family disputes. There will always be arguments from time to time — even in the happiest and closest families. But these should be kept away from the dinner table if possible. Parents are encouraged to set the tone by example. Light hearted banter, stories about the day and a joke or two can help set the tone. They can also help by being attentive listeners and appropriate responders. Successes should be marked by congratulation and bad news supported with commiseration. Quieter family members should be encouraged by asking what their opinion is on something, rather than about what they did or failed to do. It makes them feel more important and valued. Sometimes a good start can help a simple family meal go on to be a really enjoyable or even memorable experience.
The next stage in building this routine can be to introduce more days. In our experience the best place to start is Sunday lunch. The second might be to establish Wednesday nights as family meal time. Of course the most important thing is flexibility. This and a bit of effort are required to set up helpful routines but the pay back can be immense for a family.
Dinnertime family routines, especially if established early on, have all kinds of other potential benefits. For example children can be encouraged to prepare one course (possibly on an agreed rota): they might even be encouraged to compete to produce maybe an exceptional soup or a truly sensational desert! This can be good fun.
Once established, family meal routines are also great for developing good table manners and "work" habits. Children can learn to set the table, help with clearing up and generally build good patterns of co-operation with their parents, friends and the people they meet with in daily life.
We know that children who eat with their parents benefit because they
1. have greater intelligence.
2. show better test results.
3. develop better social skills.
4. learn to speak sooner.
Establishing a routine family meal is
1. impossible because of computer games, TV, etc.
2. possible only when the children are young.
3. impossible as to eat alone is easier than together.
4. possible with a strategic approach.
The most important thing in creating a new routine is to
1. start with one shared meal per week.
2. make sure everyone understands the benefits.
3. tempt everyone with a popular meal.
4. keep the kids away from computers and TV sets.
Shared family meals should
1. accept that even happy families sometimes argue.
2. involve telling lots of jokes as a must.
3. be the setting for trying to deal with family disputes.
4. never be used for family heated discussions.
Quiet family members should be encouraged to participate in a conversation by
1. asking them to express their opinions.
2. asking about what they have done.
3. inviting them to share their problems.
4. congratulating them from time to time.
The next stage in building a meal sharing routine is to
1. introduce as many days as possible.
2. introduce cookery competitions.
3. add Wednesday night to the schedule.
4. be persistent and more flexible.
Once established, family meals are crucial for
1. getting the table set for and cleared after a meal.
2. establishing better rapport with family and friends.
3. teaching children table manners and "work" skills.
4. making the children more independent in life.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
CallOur school used to have a ritual day of torture, embarrassment andhumiliation for the less athletic pupils at the school. It ___ Sports Day.
FitThere were many spectators: parents, teachers and classmates were all there to cheer and applaud the ___ , fastest and most successful athletes in the school.
GoodFor useless athletes like me, these were the worst days of our school lives. However, I eventually developed a strategy that made it a little ___ . I took up throwing the hammer.
ThreeAmazingly I became quite good at it. Finally, on my last Sports Day — two days before my last ever school day — I came ___ in the Hammer Throw, stood on a podium and was presented with a bronze medal!
TheyEven if you come to our Summer school only to study English, your visit to the UK would not be complete without a trip to London. Our students will have time to see the sights and absorb the atmosphere as they spend ___ last night in this fabulous city.
VisitAll our students enjoy two day trips each week, ___ cultural sites as well as much more cheerful attractions. All of the trips last a full day, so there is plenty of time for the students to experience everything.
Not includeWe also offer a wide range of fun activities with our English PLUS program, but these ___ in the basic course price, but can be a great way to learn new skills while practicing English.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
GreatFrance is one of the world's most popular tourist destinations. To most people perhaps, the ___ of France lies in her art and culture.
AdventureBut for the more ___ tourists there is a different side to France that will reward all who make the journey.
ImportanceSurprisingly enough, old factories and plants have become ___ to French tourism. In France, every year, no fewer than 1400 companies, heritage museums or industrial sites draw 20 million visitors.
GeneralIt is ___ the giants of the food and agricultural industry together with the traditional crafts that have the most appeal.
IndustryWith attractions such as the 17th century Strasbourg breweries and the Millau Viaduct (the highest road bridge in the world) ___ tourism has become a flourishing sector.
RealWhether it is sugared almonds or cast iron dishes, Reblochon cheese, beer making or sparkling French crystal — many people are fascinated by the ___ of how things are made.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Jose Luis Rodriguez of Spain is the overall winner of The Wildlife Photographer of the Year 32 ___ — a wolf jumping over a gate! He visualized his photo many years ago, when Iberian wolves first returned to Vila in the Castillo у Leyn region of northern Spain, and cattle ranchers 33 ___ war on them. His idea was a picture that would symbolize the ancient conflict 34 ___ humans and wolves, while showing the beauty and strength of this fabled animal. But it took a long time to find the ideal 35 ___ , let alone a wolf that would jump a gate. His chance came when he found a landowner who was happy to have both the wolves and JosiiLuis on his property, and also had the ideal setting: a copse and an ancient, disused cattle corral. JosiiLuis started by placing meat in the corral.
Once he knew a male wolf was visiting regularly, jumping the gate, he began to introduce the bits of equipment needed to 36 ___ up a camera trap. At first, the wolf didn't like the flash triggered by the trip beam, but after a few weeks he 37 ___ no notice of the light or the clicks of the hidden digital camera. Now that the wolf was happy and the camera 38 ___ was right, it was time to take the final picture with a medium-format camera. When the first transparencies arrived back from the lab, JosfiLuis was overjoyed to find he finally had the picture he had dreamt of.
Раздел 4. Письмо
При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
The greenhouse effect causes the temperature on Earth to rise. It happens because heat cannot escape through the upper levels of the air surrounding the Earth. The consequences of the greenhouse effect may be disastrous: arctic ice is gradually melting, sea-level is rising. As a result, all coastal areas may be flooded.
Global warming is the result of overheating of the air. It is caused by carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels which collect in the space around the Earth. Acid rain contains harmful quantities of acid. It is mostly caused by emissions which react in the atmosphere to produce acids. Acid rain can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals, and buildings. Besides, it has adverse impacts on human health. Ozone depletion refers to the slow decline of ozone in the Earth’s stratosphere. Ozone is a protective layer absorbing harmful ultraviolet radiation which is produced by the Sun. Ultraviolet radiation may cause skin cancer and affect the growth of plants.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering buying a new house and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
- sales price
- architectural design
- square footage
- nearby shopping, restaurants, attractions
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
Imaging that while travelling during your holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. In your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number ...” .
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the fun activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.
редактор Екатерина Высоцкая
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