Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
A. For some people, old habits never die.
B. Sometimes it is a mistake to write a letter
C. Writing letters in English is good practice
D. Letter writing is a Waste of time
E. It is a waste of time making your views known
F. Persistence eventually gives some results
G. Seven together will be better than one
Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A— G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. James prefers Paris to Nice.
B. Katie thinks that it is good to have countryside nearby
C. Katie thinks that it wasn't worth seven weeks work to pay for the holiday.
D. James thinks Katie's brother made a better choice
E. James booked an expensive restaurant without consulting Katie
F. James has eaten at La Cambuse before
G. They plan to be up all night
Watching the displays at the exhibition the speaker was eager to test personally
1) only some of them..
2) the first twelve
3) all of them.
The speaker came to the exhibition
2) with James.
3) with a group of friends.
The speaker managed to do well in the
1) Brush boarding.
2) Roller skiing.
3) Land yachting.
The speaker didn't do well in the Aquathlon because
1) he didn't take it seriously.
2) he was saving energy for Kite surfing.
3) it was technically tricky
The secret of successful Kite surfing lies in
1) choosing the largest possible kite.
2) 'jumping' and landing smoothly.
3) avoiding getting dragged in the air.
The speaker stopped Kite surfing after 30 minutes because
1)of extreme tiredness
2) there was an off shore wind.
3) the instructor suggested it.
All the displays were
1) experimental models with designers used as instructors.
2) real practiced sports.
3) computer installations of real sports.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Just in time
2. Just in case
3. Eventful life
4. A curious case
5. Reduced Expectations
6. Royal brother
7. Royal ancestor
8. Double trouble
A. I am a mother of identical, mirror-image boys — David and John. No one but me can tell them apart. I am constantly amazed at how close they are. Once when they were babies David was ill, but it was John who begun crying wildly. I tried to calm John first since nothing was wrong with him. But he only cried louder. Finally I gave some medicine to David — who really was unwell. As soon as John sensed his brother felt better, he immediately settled to sleep.
B. The 12 year old was playing near the Platte River in North Bend, Nebraska. The river was high and as the boy stepped in, the current pushed his legs away. He floated off, spinning in the powerful current. At the last possible moment before the rapids, his yells were heard by his dog. It jumped in, reached the boy and towed him ashore. Another second and the boy would have been swept away to certain death.
C. Armgaard Karl Graves, referred to in press reports as 'the Glasgow Spy', was convicted in Scotland under the Official Secrets Act (1911) for spying on the British Navy. He spent years successfully creating an identity as an Australian doctor and in Scotland even conducted important clinical experiments. But he was eventually caught by a suspicious post office worker as he sent and received post under a variety of assumed names.
D. Zsa Zsa Gabor was born in Budapest on February 6th, 1917. Now in her 90s she has had a long and varied life. She was a beauty queen and singer before becoming a famous screen actress. She was married 8 times but only had one child with second husband, Conrad Hilton. Her last marriage to Frederic von Anhalt gave her the honorary title Prinzessin von Anhalt.
E. "Who do you think you are" is one of my favourite TV programs. Each episode re¬searches the family history of a celebrity, back into the mists of time. In the UK there are good records of births, marriages and deaths going back hundreds of years. One of the best episodes was on Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London. He was thrilled when he discovered he was directly related to King George II.
F. Paris Hilton is a famous socialite, media personality, actress, model and singer. In 2007 her grandfather Barron Hilton pledged 97% of his estate — a value of more than 2 billion US dollars — to a charitable foundation. Many now believe that Paris and the other grandchildren have had their potential inheritance sharply reduced. Others have commented that this news was unlikely to change her future life style.
G. Andy always travels well equipped for any potential possibility. He has a sewing repair kit and a small medical kit with aspirin. These are, I suppose, perfectly sensible. But what about a ball of string, tape measure, masking tape, Swiss army penknife, disposable cutlery, disinfectant, dry bags and an inflatable back rest? Andy says you never know what might happen and it's always best to be prepared.
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
1. due to basic human instinct that
2. is still early to judge
3. are simply the cycles of fashion
4. but more usually the stars are members
5. that the television phenomenon
6. is a type of programme that
7. seem to have disappeared
Reality TV seems to dominate broadcasting these days. But what is it, how did it emerge and why on earth is it so popular? The first question is easily answered. Reality TV A ___ presents unscripted, dramatic or humorous situations or events. It can involve celebrities В ___ of the public. Reality TV has been gradually growing in importance for over 60 years. "Candid Camera" — the show that filmed ordinary people reacting to set ups and pranks — started in 1948. Some people, however, believe it was the Japanese with their awful shows in the 1980s and 90s that brought reality TV to centre stage. Others believe С ___ that is called "Big Brother" was the show that spawned the reality TV age. But why are the shows so popular? Different theories come to life. Some believe that it is D ___ we like to watch horrible behaviour: the same instinct that once inspired the ancient Romans to go and watch gladiators destroy each other at the Coliseum. Others suggest a kind of voyeurism is involved there — an unhealthy curiosity to spy on other people's lives. Whatever the real reason — the trend seems to have already peaked. A lot of such shows E ___ or are expected to go in the near future. And the replacement seems to be talents shows — watching competitions in dance, singing and general entertainment. Does it mean that people are changing? It is too early to say. Most agree that these F ___ .
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
For the first ten years of my life my father was in the RAF (Royal Air Force). This meant that he was frequently posted to different air bases around the UK and I, as frequently, changed schools. One year we moved no fewer than three times and each time I tried, in vain, to settle and make friends. For a young child this frequency of change can only have a detrimental effect and I still have school reports stating that I was "lazy" and a "dreamer".
When I reached ten, my worried parents decided I needed a personal tutor. She turned out to be a kindly and patient old lady who presented me with a large, black book of tests. She made me complete it as a home task and I scored about 20 out of 100. At out next meeting, on a Saturday morning, she went through it with me item by item, until I completely understood each task. She then made me retake the test and of course I got almost every question correct. Then we again moved house!
In our new town I took and failed the 11 plus exam (my excuse was that I was still only ten!) and my prospects looked dim. I was destined to go to the local comprehensive which had a reputation for being quite rough. But also nearby was an ancient public school, set in a castle. This was a place for rich kids only — apart from every year they gave 2 free places to the highest performing local boys (it was a boys only school) in their entrance exam.
My crazy parents decided I should enter the exam. I had as much chance of succeeding as going to the moon — or so I thought. But when I sat down to take the test, a rather familiar black book of 100 tests was placed on the desk!
I did the test and kept quiet and the next term, as a terror struck 11 year old in an ill fitting suit, I arrived for my first day at "the castle".
Clearly I was going to have problems in this new, intensely academic environment and I did. There were 31 boys in my class and in every subject, despite my best efforts, I finished in the bottom 5 in every test, exam and report.
We were then streamed into "sets" for each subject and I ended up being taught with boys closer to my own ability. I worked really hard and at the end of my third year there, I won my first form prize. I was top of the bottom class! But I was really motivated and in time got "promoted" to higher "sets". I worked really hard and won prizes every year until I left after A Levels. My grades were all A's — the highest you can get - and I was offered a place to study at a prestigious university.
So when a certain old Lady presented me with a large black book full of tests, you could say it was my lucky break. Although I would argue that if you work really hard and keep your wits about you — then you begin to make your own luck.
Because of the father's job the boy had to
1. visit UK air bases.
2. change home three times a year.
3. often change schools.
4. behave as a dreamer.
With his personal tutor the boy
1. read a big book.
2. did test items.
3. answered her questions.
4. learned how understand the tasks.
Failing the 11 plus exam meant that the boy
1. was to enter a comprehensive.
2. had to wait another year to retry
3. was to study with rich kids.
4. became a highest performing local boy.
What helped the boy to enter the public school?
1. familiarity with the tests.
2. his parents.
3. his knowledge.
4. keeping quiet.
In all the school subjects the boy
1. demonstrated his academic gifts.
2. managed to solve any problems.
3. was the best in efforts made.
4. was worse than twenty of his classmates.
By the end of the school the boy
1. was awarded his first form prize.
2. was among the best school students.
3. had to work harder and harder.
4. still couldn't get the high grades.
According to the boy the 'Lucky Break' refers to
1. moving to a right place.
2. entering a good school.
3. getting a big test book.
4. meeting the lady tutor.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
TwentyFor more than 800 years the castle was a fortress against the English and rival Scottish clans. For the most part it was in a state of neglect since then. About 150 years ago it became a luxurious farm house and then in the early part of the ___ century it became a hunting and fishing lodge.
StrongWealthy visitors paid good money trying to catch Atlantic salmon — Scotland's ___ sporting fish.
SwimThe inspiration to restore the castle came to John Faulkner when he ___ in the sea on an unusually warm August afternoon.
RealiseNow, ten years after that summer swim, he is in the mood for celebration as he finally ___ his biggest ambition. All the difficult and expensive restoration is finished and his first guests are due to arrive this evening.
ServeThe Rapid River Camp is a huge family style restaurant. Food ___ and even the cooking is done by staff in period costume.
Not needOne ___ to choose one of the big, high calorie dishes loved by real forest workers. In fact there is a large menu to suit all tastes and appetites.
CutOn Tuesdays and Fridays you can also see demonstrations of a steam powered saw, ___ up the wood just as it did 100 years ago.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
NecessaryWhat is homework? Should it always be done in writing, or can it be oral? Is it ___ connected with the information and tasks from the text books?
ActiveHomework refers to any work or ___ that students are asked to do outside the classroom, either on their own or with other students or parents.
HighSometimes it is based on comparatively simple drill exercises, sometimes it involves ___ challenging tasks, project or research work aimed at integrating skills and knowledge from different subject areas.
RoutineResearch indicates that schools in which homework is ___ assigned and systemically assessed tend to have higher achieving students, as learning is not confined to the schoolroom environment.
DependHomework appropriately designed and well balanced is able to enhance self-discipline and good study habits; to develop students ___ and initiative.
AcademyIt can also provide an opportunity to revise or complete classroom work, thus reinforcing what has been taught, to provide regular feedback on the students' progress in learning and raise ___ skills and standards. Parents who are concerned with their kids' homework get an opportunity to become engaged in the education of their children.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Anna and Ira are best friends. They are both Russian but 32 ___ the Southbank International School as their parents both work in London. They are fifteen now and are studying hard for their International Baccalaureate. Every Saturday they love to visit museums and galleries in London and so now they have visited 33 ___ all of them. But, above all, their absolute favourite is The Natural History Museum in South Kensington.
They filled in an online 34 ___ form and became "members". This means they get free magazines called "Evolve" and "Second Nature", get fast track entry to special exhibitions and they get invited to previews, workshops, talks and special 35 They even get to use the special member's room where there are free refreshments, magazines and internet access. It 36 ___ them for the year but they felt it was really good value for money.
Last weekend they took part in "Dino snores" — an event 37 ___ by the film "A Night at the Museum". They were given a talk about bugs by TV nature presenter Nick Baker, explored the Dinosaur gallery in the dark on a torch-lit tour, watched films and played games, and then slept in sleeping bags under the shadow of the huge Diplodocus in the Museum's iconic Central Hall. It was a night they'll never forget. Although Ira and Anna are both interested in Dinosaurs — they are more interested in present day wildlife and most interested of all in 38 ___ Russian wildlife. When they go back to Moscow both want to study and eventually become wildlife research scientists.
Раздел 4. Письмо
При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language usage, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.
Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, and transportation. A big city or metropolis usually has associated suburbs. Once a city expands far enough to reach another city, this region can be deemed a conurbation or megalopolis. Towns and cities have a long history. The growth of modern industry from the late 18th century onward led to massive urbanization and the rise of new great cities, first in Europe and then in other parts of the world, as new opportunities brought huge numbers of migrants from rural communities into urban areas. Today the world’s population is slightly over half urban, with millions still streaming annually into the growing cities of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering sending your little brother/sister to the new child care centre and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
- date of opening
- child care services
- educational programs
- age groups
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
Imaging that while travelling during your holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. In your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number ...” .
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the locations presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.
редактор Екатерина Высоцкая
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