Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
A. Be active and try something new on holiday
B. Beach holidays make people boring
C. A chance to discover more about oneself
D. New places are the best places to go to
E. Holidays are perfect for hobbies and pasttimes
F. Restful holidays involve family and friends
G. Extreme sports can ruin your holiday
Вы услышите разговор между отцом и дочерью о поездке в магазин. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений 1 — 7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. Alice is going shopping for carbonated water.
2. The choice of shopping is limited by Alice's decision to cycle.
3. They need more soap and toothpaste.
4. Alice is inexperienced in making electrical repairs.
5. The only way to travel at that time was by bicycle.
6. Dad believes even slow moving traffic is dangerous.
7. Alice's brother Michael also rides a bike.
The TV programme is designed to feature
1. actors pretending to be ordinary people.
2. people who vote for themselves to win a prize.
3. real people preparing dinner parties in their own homes.
The funniest part of the program is generally the
1. kitchen scenes of preparation and cooking.
2. contestants trying to impress each other.
3. host selecting ingredients.
The narrator believes that people are fascinated by other peoples' homes
1. since everybody likes to show off their homes.
2. but doesn't know why.
3. because decor and layout are fascinating.
Each of the guests
1. gives the host a mark out of 10.
2. privately complains about the host.
3. publicly thank the host.
Some of the shows contestants
1. leave the show on a Friday.
2. become real TV stars.
3. become minor celebrities.
The celebrity version of the show works well because
1. much is already known about the contestants.
2. the prizes go to charity.
3. celebrities often hate each other.
The narrator might apply for the show because
1. he'd serve fish that he caught.
2. it would probably be good fun.
3. in reality he's a professional chef.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Thoughtless behaviour
2. Benefits of private business
3. Too complicated to use
4. Bad for business
5. Science brings hope
6. Road incident
7. More parking places
8. Personal choice
A. City centre parking is expensive and many important roads are now closed to private transport. This would be fine — if public transport was cheap and convenient, but it is neither. The result is that people are avoiding the city centre so restaurants, cinemas and shops are closing.
B. The motorcyclist drew along side and I heard abusive language as he banged on the car roof. I immediately locked the car doors and tried to work out what was wrong. He then shouted that I had almost collided with him. Truth to tell — I didn't see him until now. I tried to apologize but he wouldn't listen.
C. They now have cars that run on electricity, solar power and even on vegetable oil. New petrol engines are super efficient and make less harmful emissions. More people are working from home because of advances in communication technology and computer security. At last we have some grounds for optimism.
D. As she approached the traffic lights the driver in front of her tipped out a mess of fast food boxes, polystyrene cups and chip bags. She pressed her horn angrily. "Why don't people consider what they do", she wondered helplessly. "Someone will have to clear this up and we all have to pay for it."
E. Sarah has worked for herself more than 10 years now. It had been risky but now her interior decoration business is a success. She loves being her own boss. It constantly amazes her that her friends in big corporations believe they have job security. How can they think this way when these companies are constantly firing people to make bigger profits?
F. It was not easy deciding. It never is when buying a new car. Reliability and comfort are big issues as are fuel economy, maintenance and so forth. A car has to feel right as well. Price and value for money are also critical. But in the end Ralph made his decision confident that it was just the right one for him.
G. Jane studied the small print. To make a successful insurance claim for her accident she needed so much information. Several complicated forms took hours to complete. She then needed three independent quotations, a witness statement, and a police statement and after everything she still had to pay the first $500 anyway.
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
1. the chocolate consumed today is made
2. that chocolate, eaten in moderation
3. central and southern America for
4. of the world's most popular flavours
5. hand contains no cocoa solids and
6. cacao seeds are intensely bitter and have
7. many countries worldwide at
Chocolate is made from a number of raw and processed foods produced from the seeds of tropical cacao trees. Cacao has been cultivated in A ___ last 3000 years.
For most of this time it was made into a drink called, in translation — "bitter water". This is because В ___ to be fermented to develop a palatable flavour. After fermentation the beans are dried and roasted and the shell is removed to produce cacao nibs. These are then ground and liquefied into chocolate liquor.
The liquor is then processed into cocoa solids or cocoa butter. Pure chocolate contains primarily cocoa solids and butter in different proportions. Much of С ___ with added sugar.
Milk chocolate is sweetened chocolate that additionally contains either milk powder or condensed milk. White chocolate on the other D ___ is therefore not a true chocolate.
Chocolate contains theobromine and phenethylamine which have physiological effects on the body. It is similar to serotonin levels in the brain. Scientists claim E ___ , can lower blood pressure. Recently, dark chocolate has also been promoted for its health benefits.
But pet owners should remember that the presence of theobromine makes it toxic to cats and dogs. Chocolate is now one F ___ , although 16 of the top 20 chocolate consuming countries are in Europe. Also interesting is that 66% of world chocolate is consumed between meals.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
The public school in town served a number of purposes. Education, of course, was one. It offered a curriculum in general education, manual education, and preparatory education for college. Its music and sports programs provided entertainment to the school and its patrons. And the school served as an agency of social cohesion, bringing the community together in a common effort in which everyone took pride.
The sports program was the center of gravity of extra-curricular activities. The school fielded junior and senior varsity teams in football, basketball and track. Any young man with enough coordination to walk and chew gum at the same time could find a place on one of those teams. In addition, sports generated a need for pep rallies, cheerleaders, a band, homecoming activities, parades and floats, a homecoming queen and maids of honor, and a sports banquet. It also mobilized parents to support the activities with time and money.
There were any number of clubs a student might join. Some were related to academics, like the Latin Club, the Spanish Club, and the Science Club. Others brought together students interested in a profession, like the Future Farmers of America, the Future Homemakers of America, the Future Teachers of America, and the Pre-Med Club. Still others were focused on service. The Intra-Mural Council, made up of girls (who had been neglected in the regular sports program), organized tournaments in a variety of sports for girls. The Library Club worked to improve library holdings and equipment. The Pep Club organized homecoming activities, parades and athletic banquets.
The Student Council, including representatives from each class, was elected by the student body after a heated political campaign with banners and speeches. It represented student interests to the administration and the school board. It approved student clubs that were formed, helped resolve discipline problems, and played a role in setting codes of conduct and dress. For the most part, it was a docile body that approved the policies of the administration.
The Journalism Club published a monthly newspaper of school news and opinion. It was financed by selling ads to business men in the community.
Another group planned and published the school Yearbook, which was a pictorial record of the student body, the year's activities, sports, and achievements. The Yearbook staff sponsored a beauty contest, pictured outstanding students selected by the faculty, and a Who's Who of popular and talented students selected by the student body.
Churches in town, of which there were many, sponsored their own activities for youth; and the community sponsored a recreation center, called Teen Town, for chaperoned Saturday night dances each week. Community and school leaders seemed determined to keep the youth of the town busy and out of trouble. In a small Southern town in the Bible Belt where very few students had access to a car, which had been voted dry and in which no alcohol was sold, they succeeded marvelously well.
The first paragraph implies that the public school
1. was more than just an educational institution.
2. offered the best educational curriculum.
3. had developed close ties with a college.
4. preferred students talented in sports and music.
Which of the following is true about the school's sports programme?
1. Ability to chew gum while walking was required of all participants.
2. The sportsmen were supposed to join the school band.
3. It was run on the money collected from parents.
4. It played the most important role outside the curriculum.
The word 'others', in paragraph 3, refers to...
2. school clubs.
Which of the following is NOT the function of the Student Council?
1. Representation of students' interests.
2. Helping administration in discipline issues.
3. Formation of school clubs.
4. Participation in conduct code setting.
The money for the advertisements from local businessmen was used to pay for
1. the Journalism Club.
2. the publication of a monthly newspaper.
3. the publication of the school Yearbook.
4. financing the beauty contest.
Saturday night dances were sponsored by
1. the recreation center.
3. the school.
4. the community.
Who does the title 'Keeping Busy' refer to?
1. young people.
2. school council.
3. town churches.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
BreakJohn Lennon and Paul McCartney were friends. But most people believe that after the Beatles ___ up in 1970, the friendship between them was over.
MurderHowever, Paul has always maintained that he remained on good terms and that he still misses Lennon, who ___ tragically in 1980. What is even less well-known is that Paul and John played together again long after The Beatles had played their last song.
RecordIt happened in 1974. John ___ music in the studio when Paul turned up with his wife Linda. They sang classic rock-and-roll songs from the 1950's. Some of it was recorded but the tapes are missing.
Include"Dr Who" is the longest running science fiction TV show in the world. It is broadcast in 42 countries around the world, ___ Russia, but it is in the UK that it has made the biggest impact.
KnowAlthough the show is called "Dr Who" the hero ___ simply as "The Doctor". He (there has never been a lady doctor) is a travelling "Time Lord" who constantly rescues planet earth from alien attack.
WearSo far there have been 11 Doctors and each has made an impact on British style and fashion. Frock coats and cravats, stylish hats and over long scarves ___ by Time Lords and copied by teenagers.
WomanThe Doctors have always been accompanied by glamorous young ___ assistants some of who also made their mark on fashion.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
PopularMy job would probably rank as one of the most ___ but I really like it. I am an accountant arid I work from 9 am until 6 pm (although it takes an hour by train to reach my office in the City).
CommercePeople think that accountancy involves working all day long with numbers and that it is really boring. But they could not be more wrong. My work is exciting, challenging, varied and both personally and professionally rewarding. Being involved with the ___ world is also, at times, really good fun.
DayI deal mainly with new, start-up businesses and typically I see about three clients ___ . Either I go out to their offices or they visit me and I often have lunch with a client. Over the years some of them have become friends and I know their wives and families.
AddThe main task is to check their financial figures are correct and it is true that this part is tough work. But in ___ my job is to advise and help them.
AnxietyMany new businesses have a rather ___ time trying to build up customers and make profits. They are encouraged and even relieved when I explain to them that it is not normal to make profits immediately. It can take years before a business is functioning correctly.
DifferProbably my biggest contribution is to advise them of the most efficient way to invest in their businesses. Very often, a small change can make a big ___ in business. When they take my advice and I see a new company or business begin to succeed — it is really satisfying. I feel as if I was part of the success story and a member of their team.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
The "Greasy Spoon" cafe on Arundel Road offers the best full English breakfast on the planet. Of course people 32 ___ about what "full English" should consist of but I think there is a small clue in the word "full". This is a breakfast that knows no modesty. This is not a breakfast for those on a diet. It is the breakfast of Kings; it should be enjoyed 33 ___ leisure and last for the day.
That the "full English" (FE) contains both bacon atid eggs is 34 ___ dispute. After this there are different schools of thought. Sausage, mushrooms, beans, black pudding, fried tomatoes and toast are often 35 ___ in different line ups and combinations competing for the best, all time classic FE. These are 36 ___ in different portions and styles and a decent breakfast is the almost guaranteed outcome. But an FE on Arundel Road beats all contenders for the best FE in the world because it includes ALL of these ingredients in 37 ___ quantities! They also serve hot toast on traditional toast racks with real butter. But best of all, each customer is served their own pot of traditional English tea (with tea cozy) which may be drunk with milk or cream. And all of this is offered for just person — and with a newspaper included! The Greasy Spoon is popular with working people and students alike. It opens early during the week for the lorry drivers and on Sunday mornings 38 ___ families come in and spend half the day there.
Раздел 4. Письмо
При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Pollution started from the prehistoric times when man created the first fires. But it was the industrial revolution that gave birth to environmental pollution as we know it today. Industrialization brought people into conflict with the natural environment. The emergence of great factories and consumption of immense quantities of coal and other fossil fuels gave rise to air pollution.
In some cities the air is so polluted that it is hard to breathe: the concentration of smoke is so high. Factories emit tons of harmful chemicals. Transport is a major user of energy and burns most of the world's petroleum. Cars produce exhaust fumes which destroy the ozone layer protecting the Earth from the dangerous rays of the Sun. Smoke pouring out of tall factory chimneys and traffic jams have become commonplace in any big city. Rivers and seas are filled with industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The quality of drinking water leaves much to be desired.
Studies have estimated that water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day. The discharge of polluting matter into rivers, lakes and seas kills fish and water plants. Oil spills from damaged oil tankers are extremely dangerous. Oil turns into a thin film which prevents fish and underwater vegetation from breathing and they die very quickly.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering going to the party and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
- who will be present at the party
- what you should wear
- if you should bring presents/food
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
Imaging that while travelling during your holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. In your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number ...” .
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the snowmen presented in the pictures you like
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.
редактор Екатерина Высоцкая
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