Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись
1. Special requirements are needed.
2. This book keeps thinking.
3. Read something inventive and imaginative at the same time.
4. This book is not as good as the speaker hoped it would be.
5. People enjoy this wonderful pastime.
6. Everyone has his favourite character.
7. This book is not only good.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись
A. Lisa is reading her textbook as she is preparing for the test.
B. John Grisham is a lawyer who works in the Supreme Court.
C. The books written by John Grisham are very easy to read.
D. The Chamber is a story about a grandson who tried to save the grandfather he has never really known.
E. John Grisham’s success is based on his feelings and emotions.
F. According to Lisa, education is the key to achieve success in life.
G. Lisa has read all Grisham’s books.
What’s the main role of English in India according to the speaker? The main role is ...
1) connecting India with the rest of the world.
2) enabling communication between the country peoples.
3) serving as the language of Indian Mass Media.
Which of the following is TRUE about Indian English?
1) It is similar to Australian English.
2) It exists only in local newspapers.
3) It has specific features in grammar as well as in vocabulary and phonetics.
What, according to the speaker, partly explains the specifics of Indian English?
1) Structure of local languages.
2) Indian history and culture.
3) Education traditions in India.
Which of the following is mentioned as a grammatical feature of Indian English?
1) Overuse of the definite article.
2) Use of a plural form of a certain word in relation to a single object.
3) Avoiding use of progressive tense.
Which of the following phrases is used in Indian English for “How can I help you?”
1) Hello, what do you want?
2) Tell me...
3) Where are you put up?
What does the speaker say about the language of Indian teenagers?
1) It consists of slang mostly.
2) It’s devised to confuse older people.
3) It makes Indian English more modern.
What is the basic direction of changes in modem Indian English according to the speaker?
1) It is simplification.
2) It is purification.
3) It is localization.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Cabin baggage allowances
2. The most difficult decision
3. Taking your pet abroad
4. Cabin air quality
5. Bus safety initiatives
6. Group travel
7. Public transport service
8. Medical assistance in flight
A. You must meet the entry requirements for your pet dog, cat or ferret for the country you’re going to or coming from. You’re responsible for any fees or charges for your pet if you don’t meet the entry requirements. When you enter or return to the UK from another country your pet needs to meet the entry requirements. These include a microchip, a rabies vaccination, a pet passport or third country official veterinary certificate, a tapeworm treatment.
B. The rate of air change in the aircraft cabin has been shown to be better than office buildings and trains and is comparable to that seen in hospital operating theatres. Fresh air is constantly added to recycled air through very fine filters to remove 99.997% of all dust, viruses, fungi and bacteria. However, the air in the cabin has low humidity levels, which can cause mild drying of the skin, nose, throat, and eyes.
C. The cabin crew are trained in first aid in case of onboard medical emergencies. Our aircraft are equipped with comprehensive medical kits and defibrillators for use by the cabin crew. Some flights have the latest telemetry equipment so that ground based medical staff can assess the patients whilst they are still in the air. Passengers are responsible for the cost of any medical care they may require on the ground. Therefore, comprehensive travel insurance is strongly recommended.
D. The amount of cabin baggage you may bring depends on which service class you are flying. Business Class customers are permitted two pieces of carry-on baggage: one briefcase plus either one handbag. Economy Class customers are permitted one piece of carry-on baggage, either a handbag or a laptop bag. Duty free purchases are also permitted in reasonable quantities. However, liquid restrictions through in many airports may prevent these items from getting security screening points.
E. Planning a trip for ten people or more is often challenging, but the Travel Service can help to simplify the process. Where available, we can take extra care of your group with exclusive check-in desks just for your group and group label luggage tags, for easy identification on arrival. During your flight, your group can enjoy benefits such as sitting together as a group, onboard welcome announcements for your group and meals to meet special dietary requirements.
F. When people ask us what the hardest part of cycling around the world was, it seems they expect us to tell a story about some great hardship suffered underway. Troubles with people. Getting lost. Poor food. But our answer is simply this: the hardest part was making the decision to go. Getting out the door — actually making the decision to go cycling for a weekend — is difficult when you’re also trying to balance the demands of kids, full-time jobs, a full social calendar and so on.
G. Bus lanes are being introduced on key routes across Melbourne to improve service reliability and travel times. Giving buses dedicated road space helps them to avoid delays along their route and also gives people better public transport access to community services and better connections to the train and tram network. The Rural School Bus Safety Program is delivering safer, more comfortable and more convenient bus interchanges for primary and secondary school students in regional Victoria.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.
1. may be interrupted several times
2. to advertise their goods
3. are owned by big corporations
4. the required number of empty cartons
5. the greater is the profit of the firm
6. is considered to be boring
7. makes them believe in luck
There is a lot of advertising on TV and radio. Some of the TV and radio stations A_ _______ or individuals. The owners can advertise whatever they choose. В_ ________ commercial firms buy TV and radio time. So most of the radio and TV time is taken up by advertisements The firms also sponsor shows and programs that make people buy their goods. For instance, to attend a show or to take part in a quiz program you may have to send to the studio C_____, boxes or wrappings (depending on what product the sponsoring firm is selling). People are attracted by such programs not only because they provide entertainment. A valuable prize is usually promised for the correct answer to the main question, such as a video or radio cassette- recorder or a stereo music centre and speakers. People are very optimistic. Their optimism D_____and buy things which they may not need at all. The sponsoring firm makes a great profit on such programs. The more people attend the show, E_______.
Advertising promotes business and benefits businessman but often annoys the general public. The play you are watching on TV, F_______ by an appeal to use a new perfume or detergent, or drink a certain beer. Though modem people are used to everything being advertised, watching such programs gives one a headache instead of providing relaxation.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Day had broken cold and gray, exceedingly cold and gray, when the man turned aside from the main Yukon trail and climbed the high earth- bank, where a dim and little travelled trail led eastward through the fat spruce timberland. It was a steep bank, and he paused for breath at the top, excusing the act to himself by looking at his watch. It was nine o’clock. There was no sun nor hint of sun, though there was not a cloud in the sky. It was a clear day, and yet there seemed an intangible pall over the face of things, a subtle gloom that made the day dark, and that was due to the absence of sun. This fact did not worry the man. He was used to the lack of sun.
The man flung a look back along the way he had come. The Yukon lay a mile wide and hidden under three feet of ice. On top of this ice were as many feet of snow. It was unbroken white, save for a dark hairline that curved and twisted from around the spruce-covered island to the south, and that curved and twisted away into the north, where it disappeared behind another spruce-covered island. This dark hair-line was the trail, the main trail, that led south five hundred miles to the Chilcoot Pass, Dyea, and salt water; and that led north seventy miles to Dawson, and still on to the north a thousand miles to Nulato, and finally to St Michael on Bering Sea, a thousand miles and half a thousand more.
But all this the mysterious, far-reaching hair-line trail, the absence of sun from the sky, the tremendous cold, and the strangeness and weirdness of it all-made no impression on the man. It was not because he was long used to it. He was a newcomer in the land, and this was his first winter. The trouble with him was that he was without imagination. He was quick and alert in the things of life, but only in the things, and not in the significances. Fifty degrees below zero meant eighty-odd degrees of frost. Such fact impressed him as being cold and uncomfortable, and that was all. Fifty degrees below zero stood forte bite of frost that hurt and that must be guarded against by the use of mittens, ear-flaps, warm moccasins, and thick socks. Fifty degrees below zero was to him just precisely fifty degrees below zero. That there should be anything more to it than that was a thought that never entered his head.
As he turned to go on, he spat speculatively. There was a sharp, explosive crackle that startled him. He spat again. And again, in the air, before it could fall to the snow, the spittle crackled. He knew that at fifty below spittle crackled on the snow, but this spittle had crackled in the air. Undoubtedly it was colder than fifty below, but how much colder he did not know. But the temperature did not matter. He was bound for the old claim on the left fork of Henderson Creek, where the boys were already. They had come over across the divide from the Indian Creek country, while he had come the roundabout way to take; a look at the possibilities of getting out logs in the spring from the islands in the Yukon. He would be into camp by six o’clock; a bit after dark, it was true, but the boys would be there, a fire would be going, and a hot supper would be ready. As for lunch, he pressed his hand against the protruding bundle under his jacket. It was also under his shirt, wrapped up in a handkerchief and lying against the naked skin. It was the only way to keep the biscuits from freezing. He smiled agreeably to himself as he thought of those biscuits, each cut open and sopped in bacon grease, and each enclosing a generous slice of fried bacon.
He plunged in among the big spruce trees. The trail was faint. A foot of snow had fallen since the last sled had passed over, and he was glad he was without a sled, travelling light. In fact, he carried nothing but the lunch wrapped in the handkerchief. He was surprised, however, at the cold. It certainly was cold, he concluded as he rubbed his numb nose and cheekbones with his mittened hand. He was a warm-whiskered man, but the hair on his face did not protect the high cheek-bones and the eager nose that thrust itself aggressively into the frosty air.
There was no sunshine because ...
1) it was night.
2) of the strange inexplicable gloom.
3) there was a lot of clouds on the sky.
4) of the storm.
The phrase dark hair-line in the second paragraph means ...
1) the trail.
2) the houses of a town.
3) the Yukon.
4) footsteps on the snow.
The man wasn’t surprised with such weather because ...
1) he was an experienced traveller.
2) he got used to such winters.
3) he didn’t think about the essence of the things.
4) he had a special equipment.
Fifty degrees below zero meant for him that...
1) he had to wear special warm clothes.
2) it was difficult even to live in such conditions.
3) he had to hurry up to the camp.
4) it would be impossible to reach the trail.
He was going to reach the camp...
1) in the morning.
2) late at night.
3) in the afternoon.
4) in the evening.
He kept the biscuits from freezing ...
1) in his bag.
2) in the pocket wrapped up in a handkerchief.
3) under the shirt against the naked skin.
4) wrapped up in a scarf.
He carried with him ...
1) a heavy backpack.
2) only some food.
3) some warm clothes for boys.
4) some food for people in the camp.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
CONSIDERHaggis is a traditional Scottish dish. In fact it __________the national dish of Scotland and is a favourite choice of meal at many celebrations.
CONTAINHaggis is a type of pudding that ____________sheep’s heart, liver and lungs minced with onion, oatmeal, spices, and salt, mixed with stock enclosed in the animal’s stomach.
REPLACEIn the past, haggis was a common dish of the poor as it was nourishing but very cheap. Now it is widely available at supermarkets and other food stores and manufacturers have created different vegetarian haggis by ____________the meat in the dish with various pulses, nuts and vegetables.
II have had a passion for the sea for as long as I can remember. One of ________first childhood memories is the first time I saw the sea. I remember it very well although I have no idea how old I was at the time.
DECIDEIt was a bright summer day and dad ____________to take the dog for a walk and asked me if I wanted to come along.
GOODOf course, I jumped at the opportunity because for a child there’s nothing ___________than to be taken for a walk by his dad. I could smell the salt air as the sea came into view and the car came to a stop. We got out and followed our dog Spot. I ran down the pebbled beach to the edge of the sea.
SKIPWe must have stayed there for an hour____________ stones across the surface of the water. It was like heaven.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
CONVENTIONALWell, I remember your father. He had a most unusual mind. He didn’t think the way other people thought, he was _____________, his ideas were different. He disliked religion, your father.
IGNOREHe was very modem, interested in the new ideas. He loved new gadgets. He believed in progress. For him religion meant superstition and poverty and_____________.
SOCIALHe was a ____________and believed the problems on earth in life — food, shelter, education — should be solved on earth. The promises of Heaven didn’t interest him.
LONEWe went out to this remote beach community and married and set up house there. At any way, though it was sometimes ______________ in Rockaway,
PRIVATEthat was more than compensated for by the ocean and the sky and the ______________.
INDUSTRYI loved it there, it was very.beautiful. Every day Dave took the train into the city. He was very___________. He worked for a man named Markel, who was in the phonograph business.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Up the hill, at 21 Market Street, are the headquarters of the Edinburgh Festival Society, the body which runs the Edinburgh International Festival of Music and Drama. The Festival, founded in 1947, is 32 _____annually during three weeks in August and is now the 33_____arts festival in the world. The finest musicians, singers, actors, writers and artists are to be found in Edinburgh at Festival time. From its earliest years the Festival has also 34_____to the city more and more amateur and professional groups.
Edinburgh is known far and long as ‘the Festival City’. During the international Festival period there has been a concurrent International Film Festival since the very first. There is also in the 35_______of the year an international TV Festival, an Edinburgh International Jazz Festival, and an Edinburgh International Folk Festival. Now there is an Edinburgh international Science Festival. The festivals proliferate, as more and more people discover that Edinburgh’s pleasant environment is an ideal backcloth for any cultural event. Edinburgh is the city that likes to be visited.
Hogmanay, celebrated by Scots on 31th, December to 36______the passing of the old year, is the oldest of the city’s festivals since its origins predate Christianity. So durable and popular is the Hogmanay tradition, bringing large crowds out into the streets at midnights that in recent years the city 37_________have drawn up a program of festivities for the end of December. The 38_____includes events such as a torchlight procession, street carnivals, concerts, street parties, dancing and fairground fun for all ages.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39, 40 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания 39, 40, а потом пишете свой ответ.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Perhaps the British are too good to their pets, but more interesting is a recent theory among psychologists that pets are very good for us. The basic meaning of ‘pet’ is an animal we keep for emotional rather than economic reason. A pet animal is kept as a companion, and we all need companions to keep us feeling happy. But pets offer us more than mere companionship; they invite us to love and be loved. Many owners feel their pets understand them, for animals can easily feel anger and sorrow. Often a cat or dog can comfort us at times when human words don’t help. We feel loved, too, by the way pets depend on us for a home, for food and drink. Dogs especially look up to their owners, which make them feel important and needed.
In this Plastic Age, when most of us live in large cities, pets are particularly important for children. A pet in the family keeps people in touch with the more natural, animal world. Seeing an animal give birth brings understanding of the naturalness of childbirth.
Learning to care for a pet helps a child to grow up into a loving adult who feels responsible towards those people who depend on him. It’s right that we teach children to be good to their pets. They should learn, too, that pets are good for us human beings.
Study the advertisement.
You are considering taking part in the contest and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) tasks for contest
3) if children can participate
4) the people who are on the jury
5) if the contest is free
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
— where and when the photo was taken
— what/who is in the photo
— what is happening
— why you keep the photo in your album
— why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”
Study the two photographs.
In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
— give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
— say what the pictures have in common
— say in what way the pictures are different
— say which of the churches presented in the pictures you’d like more
— explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12—15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
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