Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
1. It is useful to do workouts without the gym.
2. Making this change gives new skills and emotions.
3. This sport is great for your body.
4. Walking or sightseeing with your family and friends is an ideal workout.
5. Travelling in winter can be dangerous.
6. Enjoying winter weather has a lot of benefits.
7. Holiday shopping is another great opportunity to become fit.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. Sally tends to stay strong in difficult situations.
B. It’s significant to focus on your breathing.
C. Moving your eyes does not help to control your tears.
D. Sally is afraid of looking ridiculous.
E. It’s not easy for Sally to relax her facial expression.
F. Smiling is believed to impact people’s mood positevely.
G. Sally managed to remove the lump in her throat.
According to Kristine, the key point to gain success raising children is...
1) realize that very young children do not have impulse control.
2) understand the reasoning behind distraction.
3) develop children’s behavior by instruction and practice.
Young parents must pay attention to ...
1) not using distraction for young children.
2) inability of a child to pay attention to many objects.
3) the fact that misbehavior is normal for children.
What is the common mistake parents usually do?
1) They are inclined to forbid too many things the child can do.
2) They don’t allow to play with dangerous items.
3) They tend to rely too much on language.
Misbehaviour can be overcome by...
1) preventing the danger.
2) removing the toddler.
3) expecting the toddler to always respond to “no”.
What is the secret to distract the toddler?
1) Give them something else to do.
2) Offer a new toy, object or person to interact with.
3) Choose toys that stimulate your toddler.
What is the advice for parents?
1) Not to react.
2) Teach children to act politely in any situation.
3) Remain calm if it is not a real emergency.
What should parents avoid?
1) Interacting with their toddler.
2) Punishing or shaming the toddler.
3) Using positive reinforcement.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. The invention of a highlighter
2. For drawing angles
3. Three-ring binder
4. Shaped like breadbaskets
5. An ancient writing tool
6. Important properties
7. Regional differences
8. For carrying textbooks
A. An ancient Roman writing instrument, the stylus, gave rise to the modem pencil. Some early styluses were made of lead. When graphite was documented in Borrowdale, England, in 1564, the mineral replaced the heavy metal. Graphite left a darker mark on papyrus, but it was so soft that it crumbled easily. To protect the graphite, a holder had to be fashioned for it. The first holders were nothing more than string wound around graphite sticks. Later, hollow wooden sticks replaced the string.
B. In the United States and Canada, it’s an eraser. But in the United Kingdom, India, Ireland, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand, the object used to eradicate pencil or ink marks is known as a rubber. Before 1770, when erasers first appeared, many people used small rubber or wax slabs to rub out their penciled mistakes. To eradicate errors in ink, they employed sandstone or pumice. Japanese writers used soft bread to erase pencil marks.
C. Starting in 1888, when American tanner John Loud patented his version of a ballpoint pen to mark hides, over 350 other inventors began patenting additional designs for a ballpoint pen, but none of them saw production. The viscosity, or thickness, of the ink had to be just right: too thin, and it leaked; too thick, and it clogged. The ink’s viscosity was often at the mercy of the temperature. In 1935, Ladislas and Greg Biro set out to invent a better pen and made their Biro pen.
D. Before the 1960s, when Japanese inventor Yukio Horie invented a felt-tip pen that used water-based ink, students kept track of important textbook information by making marginal notes and underlining key words and passages. In 1963, Carter’s Ink produced the Hi-Liter, a marker similar to Horie’s pen. Both instruments rely on capillary action to draw ink into their tips. Fluorescent colours were introduced in 1978. Since then, polyethylene beads molded into porous heads have replaced felt tips, and there are retractable and scented models.
E. The protractor has been measuring angles for 500 years. Mapma- ker Thomas Blundeville first described the instrument in his 1589 monograph. By the early 17th century, protractors were commonly used by maritime navigators. By the 20th century, their use among students in elementary and intermediate schools became prevalent. The variety of uses for protractors dictates their range of shapes. Protractors made of brass, steel, ivory, and plastic appear in the forms of circles, rectangles, squares, semicircles and quarter-circles.
F. German inventor and office supplier Friedrich Soennecken invented the ring binder in 1886. Later, two holes in the side of the binder were added, 80 millimeters apart from one another, setting the standard distance between these openings. When loose-leaf paper appeared in 1854, Henry T. Sisson invented the two- and three- ring binders, but they weren’t mass-produced until 1899, when the Chicago Binder and File Company began to sell the product. The three-ring version remains the most favoured by today’s students.
G. Backpacks haven’t been around for very long. Before their advent, students strapped stacks of books together and carried them at the end of leather or cloth thongs. Alternatively, they carried them by hand, boys slung under their arms, girls cradling them as though they were babes in arms. In 1938, outdoor clothing and gear retailer Gerry Outdoors invented the first zippered backpack, but students weren’t interested in them at the time. They sold mostly to campers, hikers, and skiers. Students stuck with straps or used small briefcases called satchels.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.
1. according to a sumptuary law in 17th-century England
2. royal garments were often repurposed
3. it is a rare fashion find
4. as it was aimed at
5. to that of the dress worn
6. one of Elizabeth’s ladies-in-waiting
7. the fabric will go
Experts at the Historical Royal Palaces have found the ‘Mona Lisa of fashion’: fabric used in a skirt once worn by Queen Elizabeth I. As the only known surviving piece of her clothing, A____________, and researchers took more than a year to determine its royal provenance. The evidence is persuasive. The material is similar В______________by the queen in a 1602 painting known as the Rainbow Portrait; the skirt itself is obscured by a robe. The fabric features elaborate embroidery of flowers and animals and is woven with silver strands — which, C_______________, could be worn only by high-ranking royals. In addition, the material was discovered (in the form of an altar cloth) at St Faith’s Church in Bacton, Herefordshire, where Blanche Parry, D_____________, was a parishioner.
Elizabeth, who reigned from 1558 to 1603, was known for her expensive gowns. It is estimated that the fabric in question would have cost the same as three years of a laborer’s wages. Given their high value, E____________________, which might explain how the fabric became an altar cloth. The material — which measures more than 79 by 39 inches (201 by 99 cm) — will now undergo a lengthy restoration to undo a crude alteration. Once that work has been completed, F___________on display at Hampton Court Palace in Greater London.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
It’s no secret that Brixton, in the district of South London, has changed over the last decade. Once a neighborhood known for the shops, markets and food stalls of Brixton Village that reflected the cultural flavor of its multiracial residents, today in place of locally owned businesses, Brixton is increasingly populated with chain restaurants, trendy burger joints and organic wine bar pop-ups.
David Thorpe, the owner of Alkaline Juice Factory on Brixton Hill, said he barely recognizes Brixton Village anymore. “Ten years ago, Brixton Village was useful. I’d go down for the fruit and veg market inside Granville Arcade — the whole area was for shopping and hanging out — but it’s changed,” said Mr Thorpe, who was wearing jeans and a juice-stained shirt. In his small comer shop, he prides himself on offering Alkaline’s raw green juices at prices geared to the incomes of bom-and-bred Brixtonites. “It means locals who have lived here their whole lives can afford to come,” he said. “We get everyone — schoolkids, local gangsters wanting protein shakes, yoga types, pensioners and left-wing politicians.”
Lined with trees and grand Victorian buildings, many still boasting their original facades, Brixton Hill road is just five minutes from Brixton Village, between it and Streatham Hill. Its cheaper rents have made the street especially attractive to small businesses. “Rents are better here, but even if we did go into Brixton Village, there isn’t the local vibe that Brixton Hill has,” said Gus Mustafa, the owner of the Fish Lounge, a traditional fish and chips bar that opened there last September. “It’s only moments away from the centre of Brixton, but Brixton Hill has a slower pace.”
With picturesque landscapes and easy access to the center of London, Brixton Hill became a prosperous suburb in the 19th century. The road’s old mansions are still accompanied by 150 foot-long gardens. You can still see the old water pump station that once served the borough of Lambeth and the windmill that gave its name to one of London’s best-known music destinations. Small-business owners like the grass-roots energy of the area and hope that its increasing popularity won’t ruin its creative spirit. “Music has always been important to Brixton’s identity, but many of the original venues have been closed and replaced with private flats,” said Tony Reid, a pensioner who immigrated from Jamaica in the 1960s and has lived on a street off Brixton Hill ever since. “It’s the music and cultural history that made all the developers want to come to Brixton in the first place. On Brixton Hill that creative community spirit is still alive; this area is for real people.”
Francklin Evagle, the owner of Kata Kata, a vegetarian galette restaurant, has lived in the close-by neighborhood of Camberwell all his life and appreciates the authenticy of Brixton Hill. “My customers are local and happy to be in a place that is relaxed and fair with basic prices and honesty. That’s what this area is really good at, it’s honest.”
Kata Kata’s customers range from students to musicians, all vying for tables and vegan buckwheat pancakes with fillings with names such as Veggie Lovers and Caribbean Twist. Anticipating a spike in real estate prices, Mr Evagle said, “We know it’s going to go mad, landlords are greedy, but we want to keep Brixton Hill as it is. It should be the place where a 60 year-old resident can spend an afternoon across the table from a local politician.”
The article says that Brixton ...
1) has changed over the last 20 years.
2) has not changed significantly.
3) reflects the cultural favour.
4) has changed a lot over the last 10 years.
David claims that...
1) he is satisfied with the changes.
2) Brixton does not meet the requirement of many residents.
3) there are a lot of students in Brixton.
4) his products are not available to all residents of the city.
Gus Mustafa considers that...
1) Brixton attracts everyone because of its local vibe.
2) rental prices are higher in Brixton.
3) Brixton has a faster pace of life.
4) the speed of life slowed down here.
Brixton Hill became a prosperous suburb because of its ...
1) conventional location and scenic spots.
2) graceful 150-foot-long gardens.
3) water pump station.
4) fame of being one of London’s best-known music destinations.
Brixton attracts people because ...
1) there are a lot of private flats.
2) the original venues gave the way to the modem buildings there.
3) it has cultural heritage.
4) it's increasing in popularity.
Francklin Evagle emphasizes that...
1) his restaurant is mostly visited by locals.
2) he is happy to be the owner of Kata Kata.
3) his visitors are satisfied with the prices.
4) Brixton’s authenticy is not its main quality.
Francklin Evagle says that he wants to keep Brixton as it is because ...
1) landlords are greedy.
2) changes can lead to spiking in real estate prices.
3) he has a lot of customers ranging from students to musicians.
4) it is an ideal place for interaction with people of all statuses.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
LEADThe spice trade was important during ancient times and the Middle Ages. Spices ___________to the creation of vast empires and powerful cities.
BRINGWhen Europeans heard of spices like cinnamon, pepper, ginger and vanilla they travelled to Asia________them home.
LONGPeople used spices to flavour their food and make them taste better. Some were used to preserve food and make it last__________.
EXPLOREThe origins of trading valuable materials go back to prehistoric times. Ancient Egyptians traded with places to the south. Greek merchants traded with India and got as far as south-eastern Asia.The Romans_________ the Mediterranean Sea.
TRANSFERDuring an intensive period of trading with India they brought goods back from the east and set up a trading post in Alexandria. There goods___________to ships that sailed back to Rome.
TAKEMost of the trading went along the Silk Road. During the Middle Ages Arabs started ________ control of the overland routes to Asia. Their influence reached as far as the Indus valley, which gave them control of large parts of India.
CITYMarco Polo and other traders brought goods back to Venice and Genoa, which became major trading hubs and powerful _______. Silk and spice trade made these cities very rich. Venetian merchants sold their goods throughout Europe.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
COASTThe Malayan, or common, water monitor is native to the Greater Sunda Islands and__________areas of the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea from Sri Lanka through Southern China.
RELATEAs with other monitor lizards, the Malayan water monitor has an elongated head and neck, a________ heavy body, a long tail, and well-developed legs. Their tongues are long, forked, and snakelike, and adults can grow to 2.7 meters (9 feet).
CARNIVORECommon water monitors are ____________and often consume large insects and spiders, other lizards, small mammals, fish, moliusks, and birds.
ACTIVEThese lizards do not surprise their prey; they_________pursue their prey by swimming, climbing, or running after them.
INFECTHumans bitten by common water monitors may be injected with venom, which produces a mild, but not fatal effect, as well as exposed to____________bacteria. This monitor can also use its whip-like tail and sharp claws as weapons.
TRUEAlthough some reports of.people dying from attacks by large individuals exist, they are probably ________.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
The tiny Tuscan island of Moritecristo, whose mysterious history is 32________with saints, monks and pirates, is to be opened up to the public for the first time. The diamond-shaped island, which is 33 _____ four square miles in size, was immortalised by Alexandre Dumas in The Count of Monte Cristo as the 34________________of an enormous hidden treasure.
For almost 40 years, since it became a nature reserve, only scientists and researchers have been allowed within three miles of the island’s granite cliffs. The waters were regularly patrolled to make sure the island’s population of monk seals, dolphins, tuna and rare birds was not disturbed. Anyone 35___________the waters illegally was liable to an instant 150 pounds fine.
However, the Park Authority for the Tuscan Archipelago has now decided to 36___________up to 1,000 tourists a year to visit Montecristo, which lies 22 miles south of Elba and 40 miles from the coast of Italy.
Visitors will be allowed from April 1 to July 15 and then from August 31 to the end of October each year. Trips for 2009 have to be 37 ___________with the authority by the end of January next year. Dumas 38 ____ on the island in 1842, in the company of Napoleon Bonaparte’s nephew. “It is fantastic and lonely, smelling of thyme and broom,” he wrote in a letter.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания 39, 40 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания 39, 40, а потом пишете свой ответ.
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Museums have served generations of people as holders of our history, artistically, scientifically and otherwise. They are teachers without ever saying anything out loud. Sometimes we don’t even need words; a picture is enough to say it all. Museums are the conserves of heritage and beauty. It displays everything important and beautiful in our world that once was. They showcase beautiful minds that may be long gone but are still with us through their creations.
Most of us visit museums as mere spectators for enjoyment, some as critics. It is relaxing. There are a variety of museums from archaeological, art, biographical, children’s, historic, living history, military and war, mobile, natural history, to open air, pop up, science, virtual, specialized, zoological and botanic gardens.
Mexico City has the largest number of museums with over a hundred and twenty-eight museums and according to the World Museum Community, there are over 55000 museums in over 202 countries!
Study the advertisement.
You are in Manchester. You are considering going on a guided walk organized by Visitor Information Centre. Now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask direct questions to find out the following:
1) sights included
2) point/ place of meeting
3) days when guided walks take place
4) times of start
5) ways of booking the tour
6) kinds of walks in a full list of guided tours
7) tour guide specialities
8) upcoming guided walks
9) topics of regular tours
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
These are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to describe to your friend.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
— where and when the photo was taken
— what/who is in the photo
— what is happening
— why you keep the photo in your album
— why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with: “I’ve chosen photo number …”
Study the two photographs.
In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
— give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
— say what the pictures have in common
— say in what way the pictures are different
— say which of the churches presented in the pictures you’d like more
— explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12—15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
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