Раздел 1. Аудирование
A. The speaker has some time to herself / himself at work.
B. The speaker hasn't given up the job because she / he likes dealing with customers.
C. There is a growing need for the speaker's services.
D. Although the job is boring the speaker does it because it is well-paid.
E. The speaker enjoys her / his job although she / he doesn't make good money.
F. The speaker agrees to do any job because she / he needs money badly.
G. The speaker likes the environment and the fact that she / he doesn't have to work too quickly.
Вы услышите разговор между подругами. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений 1 — 7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. Every year Betsy spends the New Year abroad.
2. Betsy thinks that the trip was not worth the money.
3. There is an active volcano on the island.
4. Betsy led an active life on the island.
5. The zoo had more than a hundred species of wild birds.
6. There are no snow-capped mountains on the island.
7. Foreigners are not allowed to own property on the island.
Robert and Amy fell in love with each other
1. after eating out together.
2. after a few months working together.
3. when they first met on the film set.
When Robert decided to propose to Amy, he
1. was sure that Amy would accept his proposal.
2. wanted to do it in a proper way.
3. knew the exact place in Madrid to do it.
The wedding ceremony in the film reminded Robert and Amy of their own wedding because
1. both weddings took place in the same settings.
2. there was an explosion during both weddings.
3. there were some of the same people at both weddings.
According to Amy, she is different from Robert because she
1. is less open to new ideas than her husband.
2. comes from a smaller family than Robert.
3. has different views on family life.
Amy felt uncomfortable at school because
1. she missed her mother very much.
2. her mother taught at the same school.
3. the teachers and the headmistress disliked her.
If Amy hadn't become an actress, her parents would have
1. understood and supported her.
2. been displeased with her.
3. insisted on her joining the family business.
Amy is sure that if you have a child, you
1. can do without having a friend.
2. should think more about the future.
3. can cope with any problem.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Party dessert
2. Outdoor game
3. Taking care of a pet
4. Collecting things
5. Giving a party
6. Party animals
7. Fun on the way
8. Party game
A. Ask your parents for permission to have a party. Decide what kind of party you want and whether it will be held indoors or outdoors. Send written invitations to your friends. Tell them what kind of party you are having, at what time, where, and whether or not the guests should wear costumes. Make a list of games you would like to play. Ask your mother to help you prepare refreshments. Ice cream, cake, cookies, and lemonade are good for any party.
B. This activity makes everybody laugh. Have the guests sit around the room. Choose one person to be a pussycat. The pussy must go over to a guest and do his/her best to make the guest laugh. He/she can make funny meows and walk around like a cat. The pussy goes from one guest to another until someone laughs. The first one to laugh becomes the new pussy.
C. It's easy to make a cake from a cake mix that you get from the grocery store. You usually add only water or milk. Cake mixes come in many flavours, such as chocolate, lemon, banana, vanilla and others. When you make a cake from a mix, always follow the directions on the package carefully. Then you can be sure that your cake will turn out right and your guests will enjoy it. Many mixes have a small envelope of powdered frosting hidden inside the flour.
D. As you ride on a bus with your friends, get someone to start singing. Everyone joins in. At the first crossroad, another person starts a different song, and everyone joins in. Keep changing songs at every crossroad.
E. Looking after cats is easy. They wash themselves every day and eat almost any food. Cats like to drink milk and cream. But they need to be fed on fish, beef, liver, and other kinds of meat. They need a clean, dry bed at night. You can use a basket or a cardboard box for your cat's bed. Cats like to play with a rubber ball or chase a string.
F. You can have a whole army of toy soldiers made of tin, wood or plastic. Some may be dressed in fancy uniforms, some may be sitting on horses. Others may be ready for battle, carrying guns and shoulder packs. You can have soldiers from other countries, or only Civil War soldiers or only modern soldiers. If you get two soldiers that are alike, trade your extra soldier with another toy soldier lover.
G. Even animals get involved in elections. The donkey and elephant have been political symbols in the USA for more than 100 years. Why? In 1828, Democrat Andrew Jackson ran for president. Critics said he was stubborn as a donkey. The donkey has been the symbol of the Democratic Party ever since. In the 1870s, newspaper cartoonists began using the elephant to stand for the Republican Party.
Установите соответствие тем 1 — 7 текстам A — F. Занесите свои ответы в соответствующее поле справа. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
1. which is above Earth's atmosphere.
2. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.
3. which is invisible to the human eye.
4. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.
5. so it has a clear view of space.
6. because many stars are in clouds of gas.
7. but where it is.
Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they knew the universe. They were wrong. The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists' view of the universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, A ___.
He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their classifications. In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light. It is roughly the size of a large school bus. What makes Hubble special is not what it is, В ___ .
Hubble was launched in 1990 from the "Discovery" space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above our planet, С ___ .
It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesn't have to look through the air, D ___ .
And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon. Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images E ___ .
Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble doesn't just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond. Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A galaxy is a city of stars. Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects, because doing so could "fry" the telescope's instruments, but it can detect infrared and ultra violet light F ___ . Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even change the number of planets in it.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Whilst travelling in 2001, I had my first but definitely not last go at snowboarding. Rhona and I went to the Cardona ski resort, a couple of hours from Queenstown in New Zealand. We had been staying in Queenstown for a couple of weeks and had tried a couple of the local ski resorts. They had been so popular, that there was almost no room to stay. The problem for me with this was that with so many people moving around me, my eyes were constantly re-focusing. This meant that I couldn't see a thing! As I had never snowboarded before, we decided that it was going to be a problem. A guy at one of the local ski rental shops recommended that we should try Cardona.
On arrival I went straight to the Ski Patrol and explained my situation. They suggested that I should wear a vest, that they supplied, with the words 'BLIND SKIER' on the front and back on top of my jacket. They told me that this was more for the benefit of the other skiers around me. I must admit, I wasn't very keen to do this, but thought I would give it a try.
Once onto the slopes, I put my vest on and began to practise my limited skills. Because I have done some other board sports, i. e. skateboarding, surfing, etc., it wasn't too hard to learn the basics. Once I was comfortable with this, I headed off for the ski lift and the big slopes. As I stood in the queue I could hear people talking about that 'poor blind guy'. This niggled me a bit, but I decided to try to ignore it. At the top of the lift I stepped off and strapped my feet onto the board.
As we headed off I could hear more people talking about the vest. I was starting to get paranoid. Then as I gathered speed and Rhona would shout directions, I realized that the people who saw the vest were getting out of my way. Fantastic! This was better than a white stick in a crowd. We picked up speed turning left, then right, hitting a few bumps, but mainly going really well. I even managed to control the snowboard. Well, sort of control it. Before I knew it, we had zipped down a long straight slope and had come to the end of the run. The adrenaline was buzzing and I was 'high as a kite'. What a feeling. I got back on the ski lift and headed back up. This time I was going to do the run solo!
I had memorized the slope from my first run and felt very confident. As I came off the lift, I rushed to get started. Again, I could hear people talking about me, but now it didn't matter. The vest was a definite benefit for the novice snowboarder! I took the first stage at a steady pace, looking for my first left bend. No problems there. I found that easy enough. I was now looking for my fast approaching right bend. I missed this one completely and ended up in the safety netting at the edge of the run.
At this point, I decided I was not the world's best snowboarder and would have to take things a little slower. As the day progressed, so did my skills. I had a great time. Even taking 'air' on quite a few occasions. However this was not deliberate! I was now very wary about that bend I had missed , so I started to take it a bit earlier. Unfortunately, this meant that I would leap about 2 metres into the air. And what was more surprising than being airborne, was the fact that on half a dozen occasions, (out of about 30), I landed on my feet and carried on downhill. The rest of the time I fell on my bottom. I heard some people comment on how brave 'that blind guy' was. Little did they know it was lack of skill rather than bravery.
We boarded at Cardona for two days and had a fantastic time. Because it is a bit of a drive away from most of the tourist places, it is not as busy as the other ski resorts. It is mostly visited by the locals and I think that says something. If you get the chance, I would definitely recommend Cardona. I would also like to thank the Ski Patrol for that great suggestion. Without the vest, I am sure there could have been some crashes, caused by me. But with the vest, everyone just got out of the way. However, I think that if I was to get a vest for myself, it would probably read 'BLIND&DAFT'.
The narrator and his companion decided to choose the Cardona ski resort because
1. it was a short distance from Queenstown.
2. they couldn't find a room at other resorts.
3. somebody said that it was worth going to.
4. it was popular with snowboarders.
The Ski Patrol suggested that the narrator should wear a vest in order to
1. make it easier for them to locate the narrator in case of an accident.
2. make the narrator feel more confident during his first go at snow- boarding.
3. keep an eye on him on the slope.
4. prevent other people from colliding with him on the slopes.
When the narrator was standing in the queue he
1. felt annoyed by people's comments.
2. felt comfortable in his vest.
3. tried to focus his eyes on the track.
4. tried to ignore his fear.
"This" in "This was better than a white stick in the crowd" refers to
1. the fact that people were getting out of the narrator's way.
2. the narrator's moving at a high speed down the slope.
3. the fact that Rhona was giving the narrator directions.
4. the narrator's hearing more people talking about the vest.
The narrator did the second run solo and he
1. tried to memorize all the bends.
2. failed to go round one of the bends.
3. tried not to listen to Rhona's directions.
4. fell down and was injured.
The narrator believes that his successful leaps into the air and landing on his feet were due to
1. his personal courage.
2. people's encouragement.
3. his intensive practising.
4. pure chance.
The narrator recommends the Cardona ski resort because
1. of the Ski Patrol efficient service
2. skiers are supplied with vests there.
3. it is less crowded than other places.
4. there are few crashes on the slopes.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.
EducatePaul Samuelson was born on May 15, 1915, in Gary, Indiana. He ___ at the University of Chicago in Illinois and Harvard University.
WriteIn 1947, Samuelson ___ "Foundations of Economic Analysis" in which he used the language of mathematics to explain the world of economics.
ImportantIn 1948 he published "Economics" which is considered to be the ___ economics text of our time.
GiveSamuelson ___ the 1970 Nobel Prize in Economics for doing "more than any other contemporary economist to raise the level of scientific analysis in economic theory."
GreatSamuelson says that he finds the ___ pleasure in solving problems of economics and it is the mathematical work.
DoBut while he ___ it, he thinks about the real-world problems.
DoSamuelson's life work has been to use economics in the service of humanity. He ___ more than anyone of his time to influence government policy at the highest level.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирными буквам в конце строк 26—31, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните соответствующее поле справа полученными словами. Каждое поле соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26—31.
ExpenseMany years ago, there was a King who spent all his time and money on dressing up. He loved riding round in his ______ garments so that everybody could see him.
DifferHis wardrobes contained clothes of ___ patterns and designs.
HonestOne day two ___ men appeared at the palace and said they could make beautiful clothes which had magical properties.
VisibleOnly clever people would be able to see them — but they would be ___ to anyone who was stupid or not good at their job. The King thought this was an excellent opportunity to find out who was wise and who was foolish in his kingdom.
WonderThe two men were given gold and silver thread and two ___ weaving machines and they started to work.
CertainAfter several weeks the King decided to send an old and honest minister, who was ___ clever and good at his job, to visit the two men. Can you guess what he saw?
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 — 38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32 — 38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
What will you be doing in 2025? Will you be living in an undersea research station? Will you be the chief engineer 32 ___ a bridge across to the planet Mars? the Atlantic Ocean? Will you be leading an 33 ___ Will you be...? You can daydream, of course, but nobody knows exactly what the world will be 34 ___ . But scientists have made some guesses. Based on the advances made, they believe people will be healthier. Diphtheria, malaria, tuberculosis, polio and many other killers are under control now. These diseases are on the way out, 35 ___ to germ-killing chemicals, new ways of finding out about our bodies, and new ways of providing clean, safe 36 ___ and water. Healthier people live longer, so we can expect the world's population to 37 ___ sharply. It may double in the next forty years! This brings up a serious problem: how will we find food, water, and minerals for such a huge population? Scientists are at work on some solutions. From the ocean they hope to get new fertilizers to increase the yield of the soil; new chemicals to kill crop-destroying insects without 38 ___ other animals, new sources of water or supplies of food.
1. as a result
3. on account
Раздел 4. Письмо
При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have received an email message from your English-speaking pen-friend ou have received an email message from your English-speaking pen-friend Mark:
From: [email protected]
Subject: Household chores
…Can you imagine we’ve just come home from the supermarket and it turned out that we spent 5 hours there! I can’t believe it! We wasted so much time shopping for food. I just hate it when mum asks me to help her with that. What about you? How do you help your parents during the week? What is your least favourite household chore? Why don’t you like doing it?
By the way, father bought a new lawnmower last week…
Write an email to Mark.
In your message:
– answer his questions;
– ask 3 questions about his father’s lawn mower.
40.1 Imagine that you are doing a project on jobs teenagers do round the house in Zetland. You have found some data on the subject — the results of opinion polls (see the table below).
Comment on the data in the table and give your personal opinion on the subject of the project
Write 200–250 words.
Use the following plan:
– make an opening statement on the subject of the project work;
– select and describe 2–3 main features;
– make 1–2 comparisons where relevant;
– outline a problem that can arise when teenagers do housework and suggest a way of solving it;
– conclude by giving your personal opinion on the importance of motivating teenagers to do household chores.
40.2 Imagine that you are doing a project on important factors in choosing a domestic appliance in Zetland. You have found some data on the subject (see the diagram below). Comment on the data in the diagram and give your personal opinion on the subject of the project.
Write 200–250 words.v
Use the following plan:
– make an opening statement on the subject of the project work;
– select and describe 2–3 main features;
– make 1–2 comparisons where relevant;
– outline a problem that can arise with domestic appliances and suggest a way of solving it;
– conclude by giving your personal opinion on the importance of home appliances in our life
Раздел 5. Говорение
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
In Ancient Greece sports became such a prominent part of their culture that the Greeks created the Olympic Games, which in ancient times were held every four years in Olympia, an area of flat land and an ancient religious centre in the west of the Peloponnese in Greece. The Ancient Olympic Games featured mainly athletic but also combat and chariot racing events.
During the games, all conflicts among the participating city-states were postponed until the games were finished. The Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, featuring sporting events alongside ritual sacrifices honoring both Zeus and Pelops, divine hero and mythical king of Olympia.
The winners of the events were admired and immortalized in poems and statues. The Olympic Games reached their zenith in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but then gradually declined in importance as the Romans gained power and influence in Greece. Scholars think that the last Games were held in 393 AD
Study the advertisement.
You are considering celebrating your birthday at a restaurant and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask four direct questions to find out about the following:
- music choice
- price per person
You have 20 seconds to ask each questions.
Where is your hotel located?
Do we have oportunity to choose the music?
What is the price for one person?
Does your restaurant provide any discounts?
You are going to give an interview. You have to answer five questions. Give full answers to the questions (2-3 sentences). Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.
Interviewer: Hello everybody! It’s Future Career Channel. Our guest today is a teenager from Russia and we are going to discuss his future career. We’d like to know our guest’s point of view on this issue. Please answer five questions. So, let’s get started.
Interviewer: What two school subjects are the most important for your future job?
Interviewer: What job would you like to have in the future?
Interviewer: Do your relatives approve of your career choice?
Interviewer: What job did you use to like when you were younger?
Interviewer: Would you like to follow in your parents’ footsteps in choosing a career? Why?
Interviewer: Thank you very much for the interview!
For my future job the most important school subjects are the chemistry and biology, because I want to be a doctor. I like this profession and I think that it is really excellent to help people's health.
I want to be a therapist. I am interested in learning people's body and it is a real opportunity to improve health.
Yes, they do. My parents approve of my career choice. My farthet is a dentist and he is very glad that I want to be a doctor, too.
When I was younger, I used to be a stewardess. I liked the planes a lot in the childhood, that is why I wanted to fly a lot.
Yes, I would like to follow in my parents’ footsteps. I see how my dad helps people and it motivates me.
Imagine that you are doing a project “Types of Shopping” together with your friend. You have found some illustrations and want to share the news. Leave a voice message to your friend. In 2.5 minutes be ready to tell the friend about the photos:
- give a brief description of the photos, justifying the choice of the photos for the project
- say in what way the pictures are different, justifying the choice of the photos for the project
- mention the advantages and disadvantages (1-2) of the two types of shopping
- express your opinion on the subject of the project – which type of shopping you would prefer and why
You will speak for not more than 3 minutes (2-3 sentences for each item of the plan, 12–15 sentences total). You have to talk continuously.
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