Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись
1. In the library
2. In the bookshop
3. In the street
4. In the clothes shop
5. At the lecture
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись
1. Magazines are good for decorating a sitting room.
2. Magazines can give as much useful material as books.
3. Reading for pleasure should be short and light.
4. Colourful book covers look nice on the shelves.
5. Books are more interesting to read than magazines.
6. Reading books requires serious and careful thought.
What is the disadvantage of small towns?
1. The lifestyle is very relaxed.
2. People don’t have enough opportunities to be entertained.
3. People know everything about each other.
Molly says that to find a job in her hometown is_____.
2. rather boring
3. quite easy
What is the main industry in Molly’s town?
1. The main industry is cattle farming.
2. The main industry is growing potatoes.
3. The main industry is fishing.
What is the best thing about the area where Molly lives?
1. The coast is very beautiful.
2. One can swim alone everywhere.
3. There are many places for windsurfing.
What is the best thing of living close to London?
1. There are lots of different people everywhere.
2. It takes little time to get to the city.
3. There are lots of entertainments.
What is the disadvantage of Gregory's town?
1. There are too many people everywhere.
2. Living there is not cheap.
3. Too many entertainments are available.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Silk spreading
2. Immortal tradition
3. Miraculous process
4. Unexpected discovery
5. Tireless creatures
6. Modern technology
7. Stolen secret
8. Variety of purposes
A. The world itself is beautiful. The story of silk starts in China over 4 000 years ago. One legend says a silkworm’s cocoon fell into the teacup of Empress His LingShih. When a cocoon was in her cup and then opened into a single, unbroken thread of silk fiber. This was an important discovery. The Chinese learned they could use the cocoons to make cloth that was both beautiful to look at and soft to touch.
B. Making silk was a protected secret in China for 2 500 years kept by - the royal families. In other countries, silk was very rare and valuable. Often it was worth more than gold. Legend tells us that the secret finally got out when a princess left China to get married in India. In her hair she hid some silkworm caterpillars and mulberry seeds for their food.
C. By the year 1 A.D., silk was sold as far west as Roma, and all along the Silk Road, which connected China with places in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Eventually, around the year 300, silk also travelled from China to Japan. Silk helped to adjust trade between many countries along its way.
D. Nowadays people around the world still make many beautiful things from silk. But silk isn’t only beautiful. It looks delicate, but it’s actually very strong. For example, it has been used to make bicycle tires. And some doctors even use silk threads in hospital operations. Silk is also lightweight and warm. This makes it great for clothes like winter jackets, pants and boots.
E. All of this from a little insect — silkworm. That is the miracle of silk. Silk comes from silkworms, which aren’t really worms. They are caterpillars. To become a moth, a silkworm first produces a long fiber from its mouth. It uses this to make a cocoon. We then weave threads from the cocoons to make cloth. The process of weaving silk is very slow and the machines must be watched all the time. It takes around two and a half hours to make one meter of silk material.
F. For example, in the Vietnamese town of Vong Nguyet, silk making has been an important business for 1,200 years. Many of the village people keep silkworms in their living rooms. Each basket contains hundreds of silkworm caterpillars. Taking care of these caterpillars is hard work. The caterpillars have to eat every two hours during the day and every three hours throughout the night. They eat only mulberry leaves.
G. The silk farmers cannot allow the caterpillar to become an adult moth. If it did, it would eat its way out, and the silk would be broken. The cocoons must be brought to the spinning house before the cycle is complete. Despite the invention of cheaper materials, natural silk is still loved for its beauty and comfort. This amazing product of man and moth continues to be extremely popular around the world.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
It was easy for the travellers to follow the trail of the lasso. After a while they saw the cypress. But they didn't have enough time to reach it. The sky was now low and grey.
On the northern horizon suddenly appeared a number of ink-coloured columns — unlike anything ever seen before. They were changing size, shape and place all the time. From these columns came terrible noises. The travellers immediately felt danger. The shouts of people and screams of the mules and horses filled the air.
The noises were gradually growing louder. The danger, whatever it might be, was approaching too fast! The eyes of all were turned towards the low sky, and the black columns that were coming on to crush them!
At this critical moment a shout reached their ears from the opposite side. They turned to see a horseman. He was riding towards them. The horse was black as coal. The rider was black too, even the skin of his face. But it was easy to recognize him: he was the stranger they had met before.
’What is it?’ asked the planter in alarm. ’Is there a danger?'
'There is, Mr Poindexter. It's the norther. I didn't see it coming when I passed you. A norther is not usually so bad but this one... Look there! Do you see those black columns?'
'We’ve been wondering. We didn't know what to make of them.’
'They're nothing - just the first signs of the storm. Look at the sky! Don't you see a coal-black cloud? That's what you have to fear. A hurricane is coming this way, and you have no chance to escape it.'
'Good God! Is the danger so great? Can we do anything to avoid it?’
The stranger remained silent for a few seconds.
'Yes, we can!' he said. 'There is a chance. I didn't think about it before. Order your men to cover the horses and mules with blankets. The storm can make the animals blind, and they can go mad. When that's done, let all get inside the wagons.'
Poindexter gave the orders fast.
'And you, sir?' asked the planter.
'I know what's coming. It isn't the first time I have seen it. Get in! Quick, or the dust cloud will be around us!'
The planter and his son got into the carriage. Calhoun remained seated in his saddle. Why should he listen to some man dressed as a Mexican?
The stranger quickly took off his serape from the saddle and put it over the head of his horse. Then he covered his hat with a scarf. After that he turned once more towards the carriage. He was surprised to see Calhoun still in the saddle.
'Once again, sir, I ask you to get inside! If you don’t, you may be a dead man!'
Cassius Calhoun reluctantly slipped out of his saddle and got into the carriage.
It wasn't difficult for the travellers to follow the trail of the lasso.
3. NOT STATED
When they saw the cypress the weather became to spoil rapidly.
3. NOT STATED
The cypress was very tall and branchy.
3. NOT STATED
Everybody kept silence watching the black columns coming towards the travellers.
3. NOT STATED
The travellers could hardly recognize the horseman who had helped them before.
3. NOT STATED
The horseman said the hurricane would reach them in less than half an hour.
3. NOT STATED
The horseman suggested that everybody should hide in the wagons.
3. NOT STATED
Calhoun was eager to follow the horseman’s advice.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
COME500 years ago North America was a vast territory inhabited by Indians who______ from Asia across the Bering Strait.
DISCOVERIn 1492 Christopher Columbus_____America to the whole world.
NOT STAY For the next 100 years English, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and French explorers sailed there for gold and riches, for honour and glory. But they_________
ONEThe_______ English colony Jamestown appeared in 1607 in Virginia.
BRINGAnd it started in 1620 when the Mayflower ________the Pilgrim Fathers.
COLONYBy 1733 European settlers occupied 13______ along the Atlantic coast.
DEMANDLater the British started_________new taxes on sugar, coffee, textiles and other imported goods.
BEGINAnd after the Boston Tea Party the War of Independence ________.
RECOGNIZEIn 1783 the Treaty of Paris__________the independence of the USA and granted the new state all the territory north of Florida, south of Canada and east of the Mississippi River.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
PRESERVERecently more and more attention has been focused on the problems at _______ the environment.
CIVILIt is one of the most important problems of our___________because nature is the major factor in the life of a modern human being.
ACTIVEThe economic________of people have great effect on the environment.
CONSUMEA lot of waste from production and _____ is returned to nature.
RESPONSEThe developed countries are _________ for almost two-third of the world’s pollution of the environment.
CONSIDERMost big cities dump a lot of waste into seas and rivers. For a long time people did not realize the danger. But in the 1970s and the 1980s the environmental situation_______worsened. Several countries experienced the threat of an ecological crisis.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Peter.
... Yesterday my friends and I discussed our graduation party. It will be in two months and I still don 7 know what to wear! Don 7 laugh! It is always a big problem for me. At least this choice usually depends on my mood.
Could you give me some piece of advice? What style of clothes do you prefer in your everyday life? Does your mother help you to make this choice ?...
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Раздел 5. Говорение
You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.
Heat waves are prolonged periods of excessively hot weather. For example, in the summer of 2010, Russia baked in a heat wave that saw daytime temperatures exceed +28 °C. They were higher than any temperature listed in records that date back to 1879. A heat wave often contributes to wildfires. During the disastrous heat wave in Russia, there were several hundred wildfires, which caused crop failures of around 25%. Heat waves can also damage railroads, which can lead to slower traffic, delays, and even cancellations of service.
Scientists argue that heat waves are largely natural phenomena caused by long-term warming trends. According to researchers, by the end of the century, heat waves like that of 2010 will virtually have become the norm, and they will occur every two years.
You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.
Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the World Game Service. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how teenagers in your region feel about computer games. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous, so you don’t have to give your name. Let’s start.
Electronic assistant: What is your age and occupation?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) I am 17 and I am a student.
Electronic assistant: How often do you play computer games, if ever? Why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) I don't play computer games. Well, I used to play them when I was 6 years old and at these times I playes every day for about 4 hours per day. Fortunately, I have soon realised that it's a pure waste of time.
Electronic assistant: What kinds of computer games are popular with teenagers in your region?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Adventure, Real-Time Strategy, Action, Stealth Shooter are the most popular games among students in my region.
Electronic assistant: Which do you and your friends prefer, to play games on CDs or to play games online?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) I as well as my friends prefer to play games online because they're very close to reality and there's a chance to compete with people from different parts of the world who have different skills and playing experience.
Electronic assistant: Do you think playing computer games is a good way to relax? Why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Well, it depends on what kind of games you are in. If you have chosen shooting games, you will hardly get any relaxation. However, if it's adventure or puzzle game, it can be a good way to take rest and immerse into the wonderful imagenery world.
Electronic assistant: Do computer games teach you anything? Explain your point of view.
Student: (pause 40 seconds) There are some games that can teach us to be responsible and take care of our nearest and dearest. For example "THE SIMS" teaches teens to build relationships and strong rapport with their friends and families.
Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.
You are going to give a talk about transport. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
• why people prefer different ways of travelling
• whether you would like to travel by ship, why/why not
• what your favourite means of transport is, why
You have to talk continuously.
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