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Вариант 11

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. At the electronic store

2. At the autoshop

3. At the greengrocer's

4. At the department store

5. At the dairy's

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker insists on the regular meals schedule.

2. The speaker refuses to eat fast food.

3. The speaker says she/he doesn’t care much about nutrition rules.

4. The speaker eats a lot of fruit.

5. The speaker says that food should be properly combined.

6. The speaker consults with a specialist.

Вы услышите текст. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

You can have a wrong opinion about American teenagers because_____.

1. you have been watching too much television

2. you have been reading too many newspapers

3. you have been surfing the Internet blogs too often

4
4

Most teenagers don’t have enough money_____.

1. to get drugs

2. to buy a bicycle

3. to have their own car

5
5

The situation with drugs in America_____.

1. is becoming worse

2. is worrying the government

3. is improving

6
6

American teens think their teachers_____.

1. are incompetent

2. give too much homework

3. are unfair to pupils

7
7

Most American people_____.

1. enjoy sports

2. don’t like to earn money

3. like to compete

8
8

Nowadays young Americans have to work harder than ever_____.

1. because the number of old people are growing

2. because of the economic crisis

3. because they want to have more money

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. The ecological problem

2. The city of foreigners

3. Deceptive luxury

4. The place where you can touch the history of the cinema

5. The dark side of the city

6. The main business of the city

7. from the history of the city

8. The diversity of names

A. Los Angeles is the largest city in the state of California and the second most populous city in the United States. The Los Angeles area, which includes the city itself and its suburbs, has a population of 13.6 million. Los Angeles's nicknames are LA and the City of Angels. Some people also call it 'La-La Land' because they think the city is full of strange and crazy people. The inhabitants of Los Angeles are called Angelenos. Los Angeles is often called 'the entertainment capital of the world.'

B. The largest and most famous entertainment industries in LA are television and film production, so the city is full of celebrities and wannabe actors who come here hoping to attract attention of some Hollywood big shot. Hollywood is still the centre of American film industry, though many studios have moved out of it. The famous Hollywood sign is known all over the world. Each letter in the sign is 15.2 m tall.

C. Los Angeles is a multicultural city. About 100 languages can be heard on its streets! It has the largest number of Mexicans outside Mexico, Koreans outside Seoul and Iranians outside Teheran. There are some areas in LA where it seems that you are not in an English-speaking country at all. Little Tokyo, for example, has Japanese Buddhist temples, Japanese shops, karaoke clubs, sushi bars and rock gardens. In Little India you can find saris and sitars. There is even Little Russia in Los Angeles where everyone speaks Russian!

D. One striking thing about LA is that it doesn't seem to have a city at all. It keeps growing and spreading in all directions, even out into the desert! It seems that nobody walks in Los Angeles; there are a lot of beautiful cars driven by beautiful people. But with so many cars LA has the dirtiest air in the US. The sunshine is hidden by the smog.

E. LA's most important street, Sunset Boulevard, is about 40 km long. Its most famous stretch, the Sunset Strip, passes through Hollywood. The Strip is known for its bright billboards and chic restaurants where the waiters are really wannabe actors or singers or scriptwriters. There are also modem apartment buildings with pools and palm trees but inside there are often six or more young hopefuls living together in two rooms to save money on rent.

F. Universal Studios in Hollywood is one of the most amazing places on earth. Not only does it have a theme park but it's also a working studio. A tram tour takes you past film sets where movies are being filmed and you can also see a lot of Hollywood history, including Alfred Hitchcock's old studio offices and the set where they filmed part of Jaws and the Jurassic Park. You can even bump into Steven Spielberg or Johnny Depp on their way to work... or to lunch (contrary to what their agents say, the stars are human, they have to eat).

G. LA is an exciting city but it's also a dangerous place to live in. There are over 1,300 street gangs in LA with over 160,000 members. Most gangs exist in poor, rundown areas and most gang members are young people. Teenagers join gangs because they want to have money and because there's nothing else to do where they live. Joining a gang gives them a sense of belonging and being a part of something important. Gangs are responsible for such crimes as theft, vandalism, drug smuggling and even murder.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

LOOKING FOR A JOB

(after М. Gold)

When I was twelve I was one of the best pupils in my class at public school, and left it a year earlier than most boys. My parents were proud of me, of course. They wanted me to go to high school. But even then I realized that education was for the rich. I refused to go to high school. I knew that most of the boys in my class were going to work. And I decided to be one of them.

I told my parents that I needed to spend four years at high school, then six years at college before I could become a doctor. Ten years of study! Where could I get thousands of dollars for books, tuition and everything else? There were four children in my family. My mother could not work. Could my father get the money for all of us, and besides pay for my education? Of course, not. Miss Barry, an English teacher, tried to get me to go to high school, too. She said that she could hardly imagine that I would work in a factory. Tve never seen better compositions than yours, Michael,' she said. But I told her that my father was unable to support me, and that I would have to work. She asked me to promise her to study at night. I told her that I would, though I knew it was a lie. But I loved books, I was carried away by many books; I wanted very much to go to high school and college. Miss Barry presented me with a book. I thanked her for it and threw it under the bed when I returned home. I never read a page in it, or in any other book for the next five years. I told myself that I hated books, that they were lies and were different from life.

It was not easy to find my first job. I looked for it for months. Every morning I bought a newspaper and looked through the Want Ads. At last I found work. It was in a factory. The place was dark and hot; air was poisoned. The boys and girls working at the long table were wet, their faces were white and angry. There was no time for anything but work. I forgot my college hopes, I could not sleep at night. My mother saw that I was losing my health and she made me leave the job. Then a job in a shop, at a chemist’s. Jobs. Jobs. I went from one to another without plan, without hope. I was at a loss what to do. One day I stopped to listen to a man who was speaking about the struggle for a better life. The words brought hope to me and made me think, struggle and live. It was the great beginning for me.

10
10

The author dreamed to continue the education.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

The author had to work because he was from a poor family.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

His teacher wanted him to get a good job.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

The author refused to read the books because he didn’t like reading.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

The author worked in the miserable conditions.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

The author gave up the job because of a terrible cold.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

The author wanted to gain experience in his jobs.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

An unexpected meeting changed all his life.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

INHABITETwo thousand years ago the British Isles________ by speakers of Celtic languages. These languages still survive in parts of Wales, Scotland, Ireland and Brittany in France.

19
19

CONQUERThe area of Celts___________by the Romans and became the part of the Roman Empire, and the Latin was the language of the government.

20
20

FOURBetween the_____and the seventh centuries the Anglo-Saxons arrived from northern Germany

21
21

OCCUPYand___________most of England and southern Scotland.

22
22

SPEAKThe Anglo-Saxons_____a Germanic language,

23
23

FORMwhich_______________the basis of modern English. In 1066 England was conquered by French-speaking Normans and French became the language of the government. For the next three hundred years three languages co-existed.

24
24

USEThe aristocracy spoke French, the ordinary people spoke English, while Latin____________in the church.

25
25

CHANGEEnglish_______so much in the last 1500 years

26
26

RECOGNIZEthat it____hardly___________now to the Anglo-Saxons’ one who brought the language across the North Sea.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

FOREIGNThere are three major team sports in Britain: football, also known as soccer, cricket, a strange game that few ___________like or can even understand, and rugby, also known sometimes as football.

28
28

DIVIDEProfessional football teams are organized into four___________in England and Wales.

29
29

FINANCERecently football has been getting less popular. The crowds are not so big. Some clubs are always in____________trouble.

30
30

VIOLENTIt is said that one reason for this is__________ on and off the field.

31
31

POPULARPlayers tackle each other very hard. They sometimes get into fights. The only game that comes anywhere near to challenging the_________________of football is

32
32

PEACECricket seems more_______ .

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Ben.

..I’m so happy today! My father has already returned from his business trip to Tokyo and has brought me several rare Japanese coins as a gift. You know I’m fond of collecting coins very much. Also I like to play football with my friends in my free time. And what is your hobby? Do you have much free time for it? Do your friends share your hobby or not ?...

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Today many small ventures claim that robots are already here. No doubt, robots are used in manufacturing, in search and rescue missions, and in the military. However, for everyday home applications, the use of robots is restricted to entertainment, vacuum cleaners and lawn mowers. It is incredibly difficult to make robots work well. Their sensory apparatus is not perfect because sensors are expensive. This limits the range of their possibilities.

One of the most powerful social possibilities for robots is education. Nowadays, there are plenty of educational devices that aid learning. Today’s robots can interact with a child, offering educational benefits. They can read aloud in engaging voices as well as ask and answer questions. So, why not use robots to help a child learn the alphabet, teach reading or basic arithmetic?

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the Extreme Sports Centre. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out what teenagers think about traditional and extreme sports. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous, so you don’t have to give your name. Let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: How often do you do sports at school?

Student: (pause 40 seconds)__________________________

Electronic assistant: What do you usually do at your PE lessons at school?

Student: (pause 40 seconds)__________________________

Electronic assistant: Which do teenagers in your region prefer, traditional sports or extreme sports? Explain why.

Student: (pause 40 seconds)__________________________

Electronic assistant: What extreme sports are popular with teenagers in your region?

Student: (pause 40 seconds)__________________________

Electronic assistant: What facilities for extreme sports are there in or around your city?

Student: (pause 40 seconds)__________________________

Electronic assistant: What extreme sport would you like to try in the future? Why?

Student: (pause 40 seconds)__________________________

Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about the United Kingdom. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• what comes to your mind when you think of the United Kingdomy

• whether you would like to visit the United Kingdom, why/why noty

• what the best season for visiting the United Kingdom is, why

You have to talk continuously.

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