Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
1. In the hotel
2. At the custom-house
3. At the supermarket
4. In the museum
5. At the theatre
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
1. The speaker says she/he gets upset if she/he doesn't get a card.
2. The speaker says it's all the same to her/him if she/he doesn't get a card.
3. The speaker says it’s just a way for sellers to earn money.
4. The speaker says he/she hasn't heard anything about Valentine's Day.
5. The speaker says it's a headache for people.
6. The speaker says he/she is afraid to be laughed at.
James come to the appointment because
1. he was meeting with his friends
2. he was having an interview
3. he was taking part in a survey
James had got his first job after
1. graduating university
2. finishing school
3. doing some course
At first James come to Russia
1. to get some job.
2. to have some practice
3. on holiday
When James come to Russia he could
1. Speak Russian fluently
2. speak Russian quite well
3. not speak Russian at all
In future James would like
1. to get back to Russia
2. to travel for a job
3. to start his own business.
In his new job it's important to James
1. to have a growth in his career
2. to get better salary
3. to have friendly collegues
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Destination resort
2. Definition of the term “resort”
3. Spa resort
4. Seaside resorts
5. A famous historic resort
6. All-inclusive resort
7. Resort towns.
8. Resort that provides a variety of lodging
A. A commercial establishment at a resort destination such as a recreational area, a scenic or historic site, a theme park, a gaming facility or other tourist attraction may compete with other businesses at a destination. Consequently, another quality of a this resort is that it offers food, drink, lodging, sports and entertainment, and shopping within the facility so that guests have no need to leave the facility throughout their stay.
B. Towns which are resorts — or where tourism or vacationing is a major part of the local activity — are sometimes called resort towns. If they are by the sea they are called seaside resorts. Inland resorts include ski resorts, mountain resorts and spa towns. Towns such as Sochi in Russia, Sharm el Sheikh in Egypt, Bar- izo in Spain, Cortina d’Ampezzo in Italy, are well-known resorts.
C. A holiday village is a type of self-contained resort in Europe, where the accommodation is generally in villas. A holiday camp in the United Kingdom refers to a resort where the accommodation is in chalets. The term "holiday park" is used for a resort where the accommodation includes static caravans and chalets.
D. In the United Kingdom, many seaside towns have turned to other entertainment industries, and some of them have a good deal of nightlife. The cinemas and theatres often remain to become host to a number of pubs, bars, restaurants and nightclubs. Most of their entertainment facilities cater to local people and the beaches still remain popular during the summer months.
E. An all-inclusive resort charges a fixed price that includes most or all items. At a minimum, most inclusive resorts include lodging, unlimited food, drink, sports activities, and entertainment for the fixed price. In recent years, the number of resorts in the United States offering "all-inclusive" amenities has decreased dramatically; in 1961, over half offered such plans and in 2007, less than ten percent do so.
F. A spa resort is a short term lodging facility with the primary purpose of providing individual services for spa-goers to develop healthy habits. Historically many such spas were developed at the location of natural hot springs or sources of mineral waters. Typically over a seven-day stay, such facilities provide a comprehensive program that includes spa services, physical fitness activities, wellness education, healthy cuisine and special interest programming.
G. In North American English, the term "resort" is now also used for a self-contained commercial establishment which attempts to provide for most of a vacationer's wants while remaining on the premises, such as food, drink, lodging, sports, entertainment, and shopping. The term may be used to identify a hotel property that provides an array of amenities and typically includes entertainment and recreational activities.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
The giant panda also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear native to south central China. It is easily recognized by the large, distinctive black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. The name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda. Though it belongs to the carnivore, the giant panda's diet is over 99 % bamboo. Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food. Pandas eat any of 25 bamboo species in the wild, such as Fargesia dracocephala and Fargesia rufa. Only a few bamboo species are widespread at the high environment pandas now inhabit. Bamboo leaves contain the highest protein levels; stems have less.
The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China, mainly in Sichuan province, but also in neighboring provinces, namely Shaanxi and Gansu. As a result of farming, deforestation, and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived.
The giant panda is one of the endangered species. A 2007 report shows 239 pandas living in captivity inside China and another 27 outside the country. As of December 2014, 49 giant pandas live in captivity outside China, living in 18 zoos in 13 different countries. Wild population estimates vary; one estimate shows that there are about 1,590 individuals liv-ing in the wild, while a 2006 study estimated that this figure could be as high as 2,000 to 3,000. Some reports also show that the number of giant pandas in the wild is on the rise.
While the dragon has often served as China's national emblem, internationally the giant panda appears at least as commonly. As such, it is becoming widely used within China in international contexts, for example as one of the five mascots of the Beijing Olympics.
The giant panda is a terrestrial animal and primarily spends its life roaming and feeding in the bamboo forests of the Qinling Mountains and in the hilly Sichuan Province. Giant pandas are generally solitary, and each adult has a defined territory, and a female is not tolerant of other females in her range. Pandas communicate through vocalization and scent marking such as clawing trees. They are able to climb and take shelter in hollow trees or rocks, but do not establish permanent dens. For this reason, pandas do not hibernate, which is similar to other subtropical mammals, and will instead move to elevations with warmer temperatures. Pandas rely primarily on spatial memory rather than visual memory.
Pandas have been kept in zoos as early as there was the Western Han Dynasty in China, where the writer Sima Xiangru noted that the panda was the most treasured animal in the emperor's garden of exotic animals in the capital Chang’an. Not until the 1950s were pandas again recorded to have been exhibited in China's zoos.
Chi Chi panda at the London Zoo became very popular. This influenced the World Wildlife Fund to use a panda as its symbol.
A 2006 New York Times article outlined the economics of keeping pandas, which costs five times more than that of the next most expensive animal, an elephant. American zoos generally pay the Chinese government $1 million a year in fees, as part of a typical ten-year contract. The last contract, with the Memphis Zoo in Memphis, Tennessee, ended in 2013.
Giant panda and red panda live at the same habitat.
3. NOT STATED
Farming and deforestation made panda leave its primary habitat
3. NOT STATED
The majority of pandas live in zoos.
3. NOT STATED
Panda has become China’s national emblem because of the Beijing Olympics.
3. NOT STATED
Pandas prefer to have only one home.
3. NOT STATED
Panda was the most favourite animal of the emperor.
3. NOT STATED
Panda is an international symbol of wildlife.
3. NOT STATED
An elephant is the most expensive animal to be kept in zoos.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
HAVE Jerry was the kind of person you love to hate. He was always in a good mood and always ______ something positive to say.
REPLY When someone asked him how he was doing, he ______ , “If I were any better, I would be twins!”
FOLLOW He was a unique manager because he had several waiters who ______
HE_______ around from restaurant to restaurant.
HEThe reason the waiters followed Jerry was because of ______ attitude. He was a natural motivator.
TELLIf an employee was having a bad day, Jerry was there ______ the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation.
SEE______ this style really made me curious, so one day I went up to Jerry and asked him,
NOT GET “I _______ it! You can’t be a positive person all of the time. How do you do it?” Jerry replied, “Each morning I wake up and say to myself, Jerry, you have two choices today.
HAPPEN You can choose to be in a good mood or you can choose to be in a bad mood.’ I choose to be in a good mood. Each time something bad _______. I can choose to be a victim or I can choose to learn from it. I choose to learn from it. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or 1 can point out the positive side of life. I choose the positive side of life.”
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
FEEDAn old, tired-looking dog wandered into the yard. I could tell from his collar and well- _____ belly that he had a home.
SLEEP He followed me into the house, down the hall, and fell _____ on the couch.
LATE An hour ______ , he went to the door, and I let him out. The next day he was back, resumed his position on the couch and slept for an hour.
CURIOSITY This continued for several weeks. ________, I pinned a note to his collar: 'Every afternoon your dog comes to my house for a nap.’
DIFFERThe next day he arrived with a ______ note pinned to his collar:
CHILD'He lives in a home with four ______ - he's trying to catch up on his sleep. Can I come with him tomorrow?'
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Ben.
...lam very busy now preparing for my exams but yesterday I went to the mountains with my friends. It was a fantastic chance to marvel at the beautiful scenery of the sunset. You’d probably love it too. ...Have you ever been to the mountains? Where do you prefer staying there? Would you make a school project about mountains in Russia if you had a chance?..
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Раздел 5. Говорение
You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.
Since ancient times people all over the world have celebrated the end of June as the peak of the summer. Russia’s version of such a holiday is Kupala Day, celebrated on 23 June. On that day, girls used to make wreaths of herbs, and in the evening, they usually let the wreaths float on the water and watched them go away. The sinking wreath meant that there would be no wedding. Another tradition was to pour dirty water on everyone in sight. It was believed that the more often people run to bathe, the purer their souls would become. The most healing bathing was thought to be at dawn.
No one slept at night. Young people participated in noisy games and running competitions. They also sang songs and jumped over a bonfire. Village healers believed that all the miraculous and healing herbs bloomed during Kupala night. Therefore, they never missed that night and collected medicinal roots and herbs to keep for the whole year ahead.
You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.
Electronic assistant: Hello! This is the electronic assistant of the club Education for Life. We are a new educational centre and our aim is to promote education. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous, so you don’t have to give your name. Let’s get started.
Electronic assistant: What is your favourite subject? Why do you like it?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) My favourite subject is English. I am sure the knowledge of English is the source of endless opportunities. Speaking English you can travel around the world, enter a foreign university for doing your Bachelor's Degree, move abroad.
Electronic assistant: What subject seems the most difficult for you? Why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Maths is the most difficult subject for me. I can't deal with precise figures. Being very impatient person, to reach the right answer for me is a task which is near to impossible.
Electronic assistant: Is homework necessary for secondary school students? Why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Sure, homework is of utmost importance for secondary school students. It prepares them for adultery life, build their character, make them more responsible and hardworking.
Electronic assistant: Would you like to continue education after finishing school? Why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Yes, I would like to enter the university after finishing school because in a modern society your Diploma is of utmpost importance for employer. However, if you're not interesting in getting lucrative job, you can do without Bachelor's Degree.
Electronic assistant: Is taking a gap year before entering university a good idea? Explain why.
Student: (pause 40 seconds) It's very controversial issue. From my point of view, it is. The thing is that it's a good opportunity to decide what you really want from life, where your place, what job you want to have, what hobbies are your cup of tea. On top of that, it's achance to delay a start of new independent adultery life and prolong childhood for a year or two.
Electronic assistant: Do you think that online education will replace classroom education in the future? Why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) I don't think so. The real face-to-face communication can hadly replace anything. First of all, inot everyone has its own PC. Secondly, some difficulties can appearin assesement the students' knowledge as it'd be difficult to control whether they have cheated or not.
Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your time.
You are going to give a talk about travelling. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
• why people enjoy travelling
• how tourism in fluences the life of local people
• where you prefer to spend your holidays, in your native coun - try or abroad, why
You have to talk continuously.
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