Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
1. In a restaurant
2. On the metro
3. In a shoe store
4. In a food store
5. On a train
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
1. The speaker can appreciate actors’ professional skills in this kind of movies.
2. The speaker usually chooses movies that are educational.
3. The speaker thinks cinema actors used to be more professional.
4. The speaker thinks this kind of movie has a positive effect on her/his relative.
5. The speaker thinks the positive side of this kind of movie isn’t always obvious.
6. The speaker thinks the story may not be very strong in this kind of movie.
The girl's feelings about her roommate from South Korea are:
At college the two girls plan to
1. study foreign languages.
2. take music classes.
3. sing for pleasure in the college chorus.
What does the girl say about her classes?
1. They are too easy.
2. They are too difficult.
3. They are manageable.
What’s the bad news?
1. She ran out of money.
2. She is homesick.
3. She lacks friends.
What was wrong with her room?
1. There wasn’t enough furniture.
2. It looked dull and unattractive.
3. It was not functional.
Her father was disappointed because she spent too much money on
2. a bicycle.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Art and life
2. In a railway museum
3. Airplane alternative
4. Long and special
5. Goods delivery
6. User and nature friendly
7. From steam to electricity
8. Not any more
A. The invention of the steam locomotive made a breakthrough in the development of the railway system in the 19th century. Today the technology seems ordinary, but two hundred years ago it was revolutionary. Steam locomotives were fueled by burning coal, wood or oil, to produce steam in a boiler, which drove the engine. Of course, large amounts of water were also needed. In the 20th century, steam engines were gradually replaced with trains fueled by diesel or electricity.
B. Some long-distance passenger trains have become famous. For example, the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia is the longest railway in the world, covering 9,259 kilometers and 10 time zones. In the United States, the California Zephyr travels between Chicago and San Francisco, and during the 3-day trip, passengers can enjoy amazing views of the Rocky Mountains. The Orient Express between Venice and Istanbul offers old-fashioned service that is luxurious, romantic, and expensive.
C. Of course, not all trains carry passengers. Many trains are freight trains, transporting goods from one location to another. The busiest freight system in the world is in China. Freight trains are usually much longer than passenger trains. The longest freight train recorded was in Australia with over 682 cars. Freight trains can carry anything — coal, cars, clothing — anything that people need. Refrigeration, which keeps food cold and fresh, revolutionized freight transportation.
D. In many countries, overnight trains are a good option to air travel. For example, you might leave one city at 11:00 at night, and arrive at your destination at 7:00 the next morning. Typically, you share a cabin with three other people, who you might be travelling with, or who you might not know at all. Your seats become your beds and the price of your ticket includes your bedding. If you want, you can order tea and a snack from the cabin attendant.
E. Authors have been using trains in literature for as long as trains have been running. Indeed, it’s hard to imagine some stories without a train in them. Even people who have never read Anna Karenina know how the famous novel’s heroine dies at the end. Many American children learn the important lessons of optimism and hard-work reading the classic story The Little Engine that Could. And of course almost everyone on the planet knows about Hogwarts Express in the Harry Potter books.
F. Many countries around the world are investing in high-speed trains. Today’s high-speed railways are amazing. They can go twice as fast as regular trains, and they are designed for passenger comfort with spacious chairs, internet access, and multi-media entertainment. High speed rail makes it possible to move many more people much faster over longer distances. High speed rail also can help the environment because it is more energy efficient and reduces cars on the roads.
G. In the 19th century, railroad travel became the fastest way to travel long distances overland. It was a great improvement over travelling by horse and wagon, which could take weeks longer than the train. But early trains weren’t comfortable. Seats were hard and the soot from the coal engine made the air very dirty. In addition, the cars were cold in winter and hot in summer because there was no heat or air conditioning. But fortunately, since those early years, train travel has become much more pleasant.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
The United Nations sponsors many wonderful programs to help people all over the world, and one of the most famous — and oldest — is UNICEF. The acronym UNICEF is short for the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. The program was founded in 1946 to provide emergency food and healthcare for millions of children in the countries that had been ruined by World War II. Today UNICEF helps children in developing countries with programs that support human rights, food, healthcare, and education. UNICEF programs emphasize the importance of developing strong communities. In recognition of its work, UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965.
UNICEF operates with a budget of over $2.7 billion. The funds are provided by governments of the member nations of the U.N. and also by private groups and individuals. In the United States and Canada, UNICEF is especially well known for its “Trick-or-Treat” program, which began in 1950. Every Halloween, in October, children dress up in magical, fantastic and scary outfits and go door to door in their neighborhoods, asking for candy. Many children also carry with them bright orange “Trick-or-Treat” boxes, and they receive money as well as candy. They get to eat the candy, of course, but the money is given to UNICEF. Over $200 million has been raised in this way — all by children dressed up as witches and ogres and fairy princesses.
UNICEF has offices and centers in over 190 countries, with thousands of staff, interns and volunteers. UNICEF also relies on famous people to help raise awareness for its projects. One of the most famous and popular was the actress Audrey Hepburn. Hepburn had herself been the child of war, having survived World War II in the Netherlands. She credited the United Nations with saving her from starvation at the end of the war. Hepburn believed her work with UNICEF was more important and more meaningful than her career as an actress.
UNICEF was one of the first funds sponsored by the United Nations.
3. NOT STATED
The main aim of UNICEF programme has been to feed starving children.
3. NOT STATED
The efforts of UNICEF as a peacemaker were highly estimated.
3. NOT STATED
The main part of the UNICEF budget comes from the governments.
3. NOT STATED
UNICEF uses “Trick-or-Treat” program only in the US and Canada.
3. NOT STATED
Over $200 million come from children’s pocket money to the UNICEF budget.
3. NOT STATED
World famous celebtrities help to promote UNICEF projects.
3. NOT STATED
Audrey Hepburn didn’t care much for her career as an actress.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
NOT HAVEOur family was quite small, just my Mom, Dad and me. I _____ any brothers or sisters. When I was ten years old, my parents finally decided I could have a dog.
DREAM I _____ of having a dog for years, but my parents used to say
NOT BE “No, you ______ responsible enough to take care of a dog yet.”
I Finally they decided I was ready! So one day, my mother drove ______ to the pound.
TAKE That was a special place out of town where lost dogs ______ .
JUMPThere were dozens of dogs there. They were different in size and color and all of them ______ and barking in their cages.
THEY But one of _____ was sitting in a corner, nervously ______ around.
KNOW Our eyes met! And I _____ that was the dog for me!
NOT FORGET I ______ that day, the day when I got my first dog ever.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
FOGIt happened in 1707. On a _____ October night four English navy ships hit rocks in the Atlantic Ocean and sank.
TRAGEDY The ships had been sailing in the thick fog for twelve days when the _____ accident occurred.
NAVIGATE The compass went out of order and the commanders and their ______ were lost in the ocean.
LOCATEThey had no way of knowing their ______ .
FRANCEThey thought they were near the ______ coast.
KNOW They were wrong, and their lack of ______ cost thousands of lives.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Susan.
...Yesterday I cooked pizza myself! Yummy! What do you think of pizza and fast food in general? What do you usually have for lunch? What can you cook yourself, if you need to?
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Раздел 5. Говорение
You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.
The platypus is one of the most unusual creatures in the animal kingdom. Platypuses have a paddle-shaped tail like a beaver, a furry body like an otter, and webbed feet like a duck. In fact, the first time a platypus was brought from Australia to Britain, people could not believe that it was a real animal.
Platypuses make their homes in the freshwater areas. While they are in the water a lot, they will also waddle onto the riverbanks to dig burrows with their claws. These burrows are tunnels that have rooms or chambers. Platypuses also live under rock ledges, roots, or debris.
Platypuses weather many climate extremes. Their waterproof, thick fur keeps them warm in chilly temperatures, and their big tails store extra fat for energy. Platypuses usually sleep during the day and hunt at night. They hunt for their food in the water where they live.
You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.
Electronic assistant: Hello! This is the electronic assistant of the cafe The Best Choice. We are doing a market research, and we would like to offer you new opportunities for special occasions. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous, so you don’t have to give your name. Let’s get started.
Electronic assistant: Is there a cafe in your neighbourhood?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Well, there is one good cafe in a stone throw from my home. It is small buit extremely cute. This cafe is made in French style and it has panoramic windows and fresh flowers everywhere. _
Electronic assistant: Where do you prefer to celebrate your birthday, at home or in a cafe? Explain why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) If I were to choose where to celebrate my birthday, I would defenetly go for cafe. The reason is that I don't want to be bothered with cooking and washing dishes after all. Besides, I won't missan opportunity to take cool photos in a luxuriously designed cafe.
Electronic assistant: If you had a chance to arrange a birthday party in a cafe, what kind of food and drinks would you order?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) First of all, as I have a sweettooth, a birthday cake is of utmost importance. Then there'd definely be some cocktails and champagne. Finally, I am sure if I were to organise the birthday party there won't be staple food like vegetables and potatoes. It seems to be old fashioned for me.
Electronic assistant: What kind of entertainment would you like to have at your birthday party to make it more exciting?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) First of all, there will be a cotton candy counter, an incredible magic show and a fashionable photo booth. Then I can't do without music and so I will invite a jazz band.
Electronic assistant: Whom would you like to invite to your birthday party, your family or your friends? Explain why.
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Surely I will invite both my friends and family, because I would like to share the happiest moment in my life with all of them. However, with no doubts there would be 2 different parties because the interesta and as a result the entertainment must be different.
Electronic assistant: What other special occasions (like your graduation party or getting a driver’s licence) would you like to celebrate in a cafe?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) To my mind, getting a Bachelor's Degree or retirement are occasions that must be celebrated in restaurants and cafes, because they're the most important milestones of our life and we should do our best to remember this moments forever.
Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your time.
You are going to give a talk about your free time. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
• what teenagers enjoy doing in their free time, why
• what your favourite pastime is, why
• whether you help your family with household chores if you have free time, why
You have to talk continuously.
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