Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
1. At a real estate agency
2. At a tourist agency
3. In a restaurant
4. At the police station
5. At the hotel reception
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
1. It’s great when you can sit and relax on the way to work.
2. The speaker benefits from exercise and nature on the way to work.
3. It’s convenient driving to work if you share expenses.
4. The speaker has to spend a lot getting to work.
5. It’s great to share a walk with a friend in the morning.
6. The speaker can put up with some inconveniences on the way to work.
What is TRUE according to the text?
1. New Yorkers know a lot about New England.
2. All new comers are supposed to know New England well.
3. New York is far away from New England.
Which of the following places IS NOT part of New England?
This area became an official colony of England
1. before the 17th century.
2. in the 17th century.
3. after the 17th century.
When is New England most attractive to visitors according to Susan?
1. In the autumn.
2. In the summer.
3. In the winter.
Susan believes that New England
1. has changed a lot.
2. is only good for quiet holidays.
3. would be boring for jazz lovers.
What makes attractions in New England special?
1. They are located in both big cities like Boston and small villages.
2. You can visit all of them in two-three days.
3. They are only available for passengers of cruise ships.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. One for more than a dozen
2. Land and water
3. For adrenalin rush
4. High in many ways
5. The smaller the better
6. A country in a city
7. Once poor, now rich
8. Not rich any more
A. Another tiny European country is Liechtenstein, which is quite large compared to Monaco. It covers 160 square kilometers. It borders Switzerland and Austria, and is situated entirely within the Alps. Most of its territory is mountainous, making it a popular destination for skiers. With almost no natural resources, the country has developed a highly-industrialized free-enterprise economy. Like its neighbor Switzerland, Liechtenstein follows a policy of neutrality and has no military.
B. Next on the list of tiny countries is Monaco, which covers about 2 square kilometers. Monaco is also famous for being the smallest monarchy in the world, and for being the most densely populated country. It may be best known as one of James Bond’s favorite places, with its many casinos and beautiful women! The economy of Monaco is based mostly on gambling and tourism. It lies on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and borders France.
C. Everyone knows that Russia is the largest country in the world, in terms of territory. But what about the world’s smallest countries; do you know what they are? Today there are 17 countries that each consists of less than 500 square kilometers in area. If we combined all the land area of these 17 countries, we would have a single country just a bit larger than the U.S. state of Rhode Island. Even tiny Singapore is too big for this list.
D. The smallest of these tiny countries is Vatican City, covering less than half a square kilometer. Vatican City is the spiritual center of the world’s Roman Catholics, who today number over 1 billion. It is also the home of the Pope, the head of the Catholic Church. About 800 people reside permanently in Vatican City, but over 25,000 people visit every day, in order to see its beautiful churches and museums. Vatican City is surrounded by Rome, Italy.
E. Tiny Nauru is both the smallest island nation in the world and the smallest republic. Its total territory is just 21 square kilometers. It’s situated in the southern Pacific Ocean. In the early part of the 20th century, the people of Nauru became rich, thanks to the rich phosphate reserves on the island. But once all the phosphate was mined, the small nation found it had no other income source for its 9,000 citizens. Today 90% of the island’s inhabitants are unemployed.
F. Many of the world’s smallest countries are islands or groups of islands. For example, the Maldives is a country made up of 1,190 islands, only 185 of which are occupied. The country, situated in the Indian Ocean, can claim 298 square kilometers in land- territory. A former colony of the U.K., it has been independent since 1965. While hot and humid all year long, the Maldives also enjoys constant cool sea breezes. Its beautiful coral reefs make it a popular destination for divers.
G. You’ve probably never heard of San Marino, another of the world’s smallest countries. San Marino is known as the world’s oldest republic, having been founded in AD 301 by a group of early Christians escaping religious persecution. The nation is situated on the Adriatic coast, bordering north-central Italy. This location makes it a highly desirable tourist destination. Indeed, tourism has helped transform San Marino from one of the world’s poorest countries to one of the richest.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Our lives today would be very different if Thomas Edison had never lived. Born in 1847, Edison became the most active of all inventors in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His inventions influenced life all around the world.
Edison’s teachers at school did not recognize his brilliance..In fact, they considered him a rather bad student. Fortunately, his mother thought differently. She took him out of school and taught him at home, which is when he developed his two lifetime passions: reading and experimenting.
His first job was as a telegraph operator, and his first important inventions were improved telegraphic devices. But he first became famous for the phonograph, invented in 1877. Today, in the age of MP3 players, it’s hard to imagine how magical the phonographic recording was. The public loved the new machine and a form of it was used well into the late 20th century.
Edison is often credited as the inventor of the light bulb, though, of course, many people worked on the idea both before and after him. In 1878 he formed the company Edison Electric Light Company and in 1879 introduced his improvements to the incandescent light bulb. At about this time, he became famous for saying, “We will make electricity so cheap that only the rich will burn candles.” His inventions also influenced the development of radiology and the first motion picture cameras.
Edison was proud that he never invented weapons that could be used in warfare, and he strongly believed in nonviolence. But his life was not free from controversy. He was involved in the so-called War of Currents, arguing for the use of direct current (DC) over alternating current (AC).
Edison lived a long life, dying in 1931 at the age of 84. He was married twice and had six children. His many inventions and business ventures made him a very rich man, and a very famous one. Perhaps his most famous quotation is “Genius is one percent inspiration, and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
The inventions of Tomas Edison still have an enormous influence on our life.
3. NOT STATED
Edison was taught at home because of his health problems.
3. NOT STATED
Edison was fond of reading and science since childhood.
3. NOT STATED
When it was first invented, phonograph struck people as a magical thing.
3. NOT STATED
Edison was against burning candles.
3. NOT STATED
Edison was a pacifist.
3. NOT STATED
Thanks to Edison all his children were well-to-do people.
3. NOT STATED
Edison believed that talent is above all for a success in life.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
AUTHORITYMany languages are in danger today. Chinese ______ have taken steps to protect the Chinese language from the excessive use of English and other languages.
SAY The People’s Daily Online website _______ .
USE “With economic and social development foreign languages _______ more often in all types of publications in China.
INCLUDE It is true about all kinds of media ________ newspapers, books, e-books and the Internet publications”.
CHINA According to _______ General Administration of Press and Publication (GAPP) the invasion of English words in Chinese texts is abusing the language.
IT_______ website stated that English had damaged the standard and purity of the Chinese language severely and disrupted the harmonious cultural environment.
BELIEVEA great number of English borrowings ______ to cause negative social impacts.
MAKE Currently a lot of English abbreviations and acronyms are widely used in Chinese press. It ______ it difficult to understand the texts for those who are not fluent in English.
THEY But from now on all of them should be replaced with ______ Chinese equivalents.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
FAMEAesop lived in the 6th century BC. He was a ______ Greek author.
WRITEHe is now well-known as a ______ of fables.
BEHAVEThrough these many fables Aesop showed the wise and foolish ______ of men.
SLAVE Not much is known about the life of Aesop. It is believed he was born in Thrace, Greece and knew what ______ was on his own experience.
WISE It is said that his ______ delighted one of his masters.
FREE The man was so impressed that the slave was given his _______ .
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Sam.
...Hooray! I finally made for the school basketball team! Tomorrow is my first game. Are you fond of sports? Why? What do you think of the last Olympic games in Sochi? What’s the best way of spending past time for you?
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Раздел 5. Говорение
You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.
Distance learning means educating students who are not physically present at school. They can study at their own pace, at the place of their choice, and without face-to-face contact with a teacher. Courses that are conducted partly through distance education and partly on-site are usually referred to as hybrid education.
Distance education has gone through several stages of development. The first distance education course was provided by Sir Pitman in the 1840s. He taught a system of shorthand by mailing texts transcribed into shorthand on postcards and receiving transcriptions from his students in return for correction. The element of student feedback was a crucial innovation of Pitman’s system. This scheme became possible due to the introduction of uniform postage rates across England in 1840. This early beginning proved extremely successful. Nowadays there are plenty of online courses that offer distance education through the World Wide Web.
You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.
Electronic assistant: Hello! This is the electronic assistant of the Theatre Today Club. We are currently studying the changing role of theatres in the modem world. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. Please answer six questions. The survey is anonymous, so you don’t need to give your name. Let’s get started.
Electronic assistant: How often do you go to the theatre, if ever?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) To tell you the truth, I rarely go to the theatre . Approximately once a month not more. I believe it's because the workload is so huge now. What is more, it's not very cheap pasttime even taking into consideration special offers for students.
Electronic assistant: What kind of stage performances are popular with teenagers in your region? Why?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) I suppose dance, music, opera, theatre are mainstreams nowadays. However, I wish musical theatre, magic, illusion, mime, spoken word, puppetry, circus arts were as popular as for example going to the cinema . The thing is all these types of perfomances help you to escape from the reality and immerse in wonderful world of fantasy.
Electronic assistant: Which would you prefer, to go to the theatre or to watch a screen version of a play or a musical? Explain why.
Student: (pause 40 seconds) I would definetely prefer watching a screen version of a play to going to the theatre. First of all, to go to the theatre you should look smart and formal and I don't have such clothes. Secondly, the tickets might cost up to 3000 rubles and I being a student can't afoord it. That's why I'd go for the screen version.
Electronic assistant: What is the most famous theatre in the place where you live?
Student: (pause 40 seconds)The Theatre of Opera and Ballet is the most popular place for both citizens and tourists who come to Voronezh. There're usually many performances for representatives of different generation. What is more, it is situated in the downtown of our city that is why it has taken the fisrt place in top 10 the most popular tourist destinations in Voronezh Region.
Electronic assistant: Do you think that theatres will become unnecessary in the future? Explain why.
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Well, I am sure for 100% that in the future the theatres even will strengthen its position in the list of the most popular pastimes. The reason for that is that the theatre has the unique power to liven up our emotion, strengthen our psychological health, make us feel the emotions of which we are lack of.
Electronic assistant: What would you like to change in theatres to make them more attractive to teenagers?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) First of all, the price of the tickets should be lower. Then, there should be perfomances that can be easily understood by teens. Finally, special art clubs should be organized in order to develop teenagers' love for this kind of art.
Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your time.
You are going to give a talk about the sea. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
• why seas are important for people
• what threats seas and their inhabitants face nowadays
• whether you would like to spend your holidays at the seaside, why
You have to talk continuously.
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