Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
1. At a fruit stand
2. In a restaurant
3. At the school canteen
4. At the bakery
5. At the butcher’s shop
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.
1. The speaker is a couch potato after work.
2. The speaker’s hobby is cooking.
3. The speaker is getting a second education.
4. The speaker spends evenings at home with the family.
5. The speaker relaxes by keeping fit after a working day.
6. The speaker prefers to relax by dining out.
What’s the problem with Johnny?
1. His school grades are very bad.
2. His grades are worse than they used to be.
3. He doesn’t want to go to school any more.
Johnny often plays math games
1. during his school classes.
2. at home in the evenings.
3. on family trips.
The teacher is mainly worried about Johnny’s
1. poor performance in Math.
2. bad grades in biology.
3. lack of interest in class.
What is NOT TRUE according to Mr. Smith?
1. Johnny quarreled with his friends while building a fort.
2. Johnny likes his school teacher and finds her lessons interesting.
3. There aren’t any family problems to worry about.
What’s wrong with the Johnny’s seat?
1. It’s too far from the front.
2. It’s by the window.
3. It’s uncomfortable.
Who was the first to understand the problem?
1. Mr. Smith.
2. The teacher.
3. Both at the same time.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Meaningful name
2. Times and associations
3. Still the first in the list of destruction
4. Severe and powerful
5. Unique in many ways
6. Too much to remain pure
7. Natural flow preserved
8. Center of development
A. The fifth longest river in the world is the Yenisei which flows north from Mongolia through Russia to the Arctic Ocean. Originally, nomadic tribes — the Kit and Yugh people — lived along the banks of the Yenisei. Russian explorers first reached its shores in 1605. Much of the Yenisei is ice-bound six or more months in the year. Explosives are used to keep the water flowing, thereby avoiding serious flooding. A series of massive hydroelectric dams provide energy to support Russian industry.
B. Known as the “cradle of Chinese civilization”, the Yellow River in China is the 6th longest river in the world. It’s been a major center of Chinese population and culture since the 3rd century B.C. However, the Yellow River has another name — “China’s Sorrow”. For thousands of years, the river has regularly flooded, destroying the surrounding countryside and populations. Today over a dozen dams control the flooding and also provide electricity for millions.
C. Every year schoolchildren everywhere learn the names of the world’s great rivers. Everyone knows the longest river is the Nile. Or is it? Brazilian and Peruvian scientists now argue that the Amazon should be considered the longest (using complicated measurements only scientists can understand). But for now, the Nile still wins the title of “longest river” in textbooks. The Nile has always been the lifeline of Egyptian civilization. The annual flooding of the river creates rich agricultural soil, ideal for growing wheat and flax and other crops.
D. When people think of the Mississippi River, their first thought is usually of Mark Twain and the adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn. They may not recall from their childhood geography lessons that the Mississippi is the fourth longest river in the world. For thousands of years, Native Americans lived along the Mississippi, mostly living as hunter-gatherers and herders. That life changed forever when Europeans first arrived in the 16th century; today the Mississippi plays a crucial role in the economic life of dozens of cities and small towns situated along its shores.
E. The third longest river is the Yangtze River in China. The river plays a very important role in China’s history, culture and economy. Nearly one-third of China’s huge population lives along the Yangtze river. The Yangtze is one of the world’s busiest waterways. Everything is transported along the Yangtze: coal, cars, produce and people. The river also attracts many tourists who take cruises through the famous Three Gorges area. Sadly, because of the heavy traffic on the river and industry along its, banks the Yangtze is very polluted.
F. The Nile may still earn the title for longest river, but the Amazon — the second longest — has the greatest volume by far. The Amazon contains approximately one-fifth of the water flowing in the world’s rivers. Uniquely, there are no bridges crossing the Amazon anywhere along its long route. Most of the Amazon flows through tropical rainforests, where there are few roads or cities — and therefore no need for bridges. The Amazon Rainforest is the home of more than one-third of all animal and plant species in the world.
G. From its origins in the Altay Mountains in China, the Irtysh flows north-west through Kazakhstan, and finally merges with the Ob, in western Siberia, Russia. The Ob is 7th longest river in the world. In the 1960s and 1970s proposals to reverse the flow of the Irtysh among other Northern rivers were seriously and widely discussed. These gigantic water management schemes meant to supply water to central Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Thanks to Kazakh and Russian environmentalists and lack of money they were not implemented.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Online social networking is a 21st century phenomenon. Today, in the second decade of the century, internet service is widely available throughout the world and relatively affordable (even if someone doesn’t have his or her own computer, internet cafes are everywhere). This has made it possible for online social networking to become a central part of many people’s lives.
Though not the first service, Facebook is probably the most famous and most widely used of all the services. By July 2011, Facebook had more than 750 million active users. Facebook was launched in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg and several of his college roommates and fellow students at Harvard University in the United States. The site allows “friends” to share what they’re doing at any single moment, play games, post photos, and wish each other Happy Birthday. For many people, it’s hard to imagine what life was like before Facebook.
But of course Facebook is not the only social networking site. A number of countries have developed their own sites, for example Vkontakte in Russia. By early 2011, Vkontakte had around 135 million accounts. The site was launched in 2006 by Pavel Durov, a graduate of St. Petersburg State University. Vkontakte is quite similar to Facebook but has one advantage: it uses a special technology allowing users to share larger files. Unfortunately, Vkontakte has had repeated problems with spam.
There is no doubt that social networking is here to stay. But not everyone agrees about its benefits to society. Academic researchers are now studying how these sites are influencing important areas of society, such as identity, privacy, youth culture and education. The technology continues to develop, with “real-time web” and GPS tracking making it possible to locate our friends, and be located, anytime, anywhere. Of course, this information may also become known to marketers and hackers.
Like anything, social networking can be used for either good or bad. Sadly, online bullying is relatively common (this is when one person spreads cruel or untrue stories about another person). But on a more positive note, social networking tools have played an important role in international political events. In the winter of 2011, young Egyptians used Facebook and other services to plan their protests and share news not only with each other, but with the world.
Lots of people today are addicted to social networking.
3. NOT STATED
Facebook was the pioneer of social networking.
3. NOT STATED
Vkontacte is a later replica of Facebook for Russia.
3. NOT STATED
It’s obvious that social networking is harmful for the society.
3. NOT STATED
Scientists have proved that social sets have most unwilling effect on youth culture and education.
3. NOT STATED
Modern technology reduces our right for privacy.
3. NOT STATED
Social networking can be used to spread false information and deliberately harm people.
3. NOT STATED
Social networking makes it impossible to hide true information about international events.
3. NOT STATED
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.
BEThe famous American poet Maya Angelou was born in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1928. When she ______ three years old, her parents divorced.
THEYShe and her older brother were sent to live with ______ grandmother.
GRANDMOTHER Growing up at her _______ was a difficult, unhappy time for Maya.
SPEAK For almost four years, she ______ to no one but her brother.
BE Still she grew up ______ a successful singer, actress, and professor.
FAMOUSToday she is one of the ______ America’s authors.
SOMEIn 1993 Angelou read her moving poem, “On the Pulse of the Morning” and hardly ______American citizen missed it.
INVITE It happened at the ceremony to swear Bill Clinton in as president of the United States, where she ______ among many other guests.
SHOW The event ______ by all the TV channels and immediately brought Angelou worldwide fame.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.
GROWAccording to the latest research there are two main problems to consider. One of them is the constant increase of nuclear radiation produced by power stations and nuclear tests, the other — is the rapid ______ of population.
DANGER The speed, with which we are using up our non-renewable resources like oil and gas, is _______ .
DEVELOPWith the _______ of our civilization we have become the worst enemies to the planet and to ourselves.
CRITIC Some scientists are pessimistic about our problems and think we have reached the point of no return or the ______ stage.
OPTIMISM Others are ______ who believe that our ecological problems are solvable.
THREATEN At least more and more people begin to understand how ______ they are for the humanity.
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Roger.
...Every weekend in summer we try to go somewhere by car. Where would you prefer to go — to the countryside or to a new town? Why? How do you usually spend your weekends in summer? Who do you like to spend your weekends in summer with?...
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Раздел 5. Говорение
You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.
Some people trace the history of fast food in America to 1912, when a fast food restaurant called the Automat opened in New York. The Automat was a cafeteria with its prepared foods behind small glass windows and coin-operated slots. Later numerous Automat restaurants were built around the country to deal with the demand. The company also popularized the notion of “take-away” food with their slogan “Less work for Mother”.
However, the hamburger restaurant, which is most associated by the public with “fast food”, was created by two brothers McDonald. They opened a barbecue drive-in in 1940. After discovering that most of their profits came from hamburgers, the brothers closed their restaurant for three months and reopened it in 1948 as a walk-up stand offering a simple menu of hamburgers, French fries, shakes, coffee, and Coca-Cola, served in disposable paper wrapping.
You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.
Electronic assistant: Hello! This is the electronic assistant of the Travel and Tourism Club. We are a new tourist centre and we would like to offer special destinations for teenagers. Please take part in our survey and answer six questions. The survey is anonymous, so you shouldn’t give your name. Let’s get started.
Electronic assistant: How often do you travel, if ever?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) Usually I travel once a year during my summer holidays. For me it is extremely rare but we live on shoestring that is why we have to save up for the trip all the year round . The thing that I like most of all about travelling is the opportunity to broaden your mind, build strong rapport with the representatives of other cultures and to try world famous cuisine.
Electronic assistant: What tourist destinations are most popular with teenagers nowadays?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) To my mind the most popular tourist destination is Southern countries such as Spain and Italy. Because the scientists are convinced that the climat shift towards cold temperatures is inevitable. What is more, nowadays for Russian citizens the process of getting visa in these countries has been simplified.
Electronic assistant: What kind of holiday do you prefer?
Student: (pause 40 seconds) I can say without doubts that I am not a coach potato thus I would go for the holidays which are full of adventures. Mountaneering, scubadiving, paragliding and safari riding are my first choice.
Electronic assistant: With whom do you prefer to travel or to spend your holidays, with your family or with your friends? Explain why.Student: (pause 40 seconds)Obviously I prefer to travel with my friends because it gives you the sense of freedom, but last summer I stayed in Spain with my parents. It was also a pleasant experience because they payed for everything, but the thing that I hated most of all was the fact that they made me to take photos everytime. Electronic assistant: What tourist destinations would you recommend foreign tourists to visit in your country? Student: (pause 40 seconds) To my mind, you can't say thay you've been to Russia if you don't visit the Red Square and the Kremlin in Moscow. The Hermitage in Saint Petersburfg also seems to be good. However, Mariinsky Theatre is a must for every tourist to my mind mainly because Russian ballet is considered to be the best in the world. Electronic assistant: What is the best way of travelling around your country? Why? Student: (pause 40 seconds) I am sure that the best way to travel in Russia is the train. It is both cheap and fast. What is more, travelling by trainmight be very convinient, relaxing and romantic. Electronic assistant: This is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your time.
You are going to give a talk about your reading preferences. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.
Remember to say:
• what kinds of books you enjoy reading, why
• what book you can recommend your friend to read, why
• which books you prefer reading, printed books or electronic books, why
You have to talk continuously.
|Ответ и решение
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