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Вариант 30

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a vet’s clinic

2. In a park

3. In a classroom

4. At home

5. In the zoo

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker talks about his/her new hobby.

2. The speaker talks about his/her favourite place in the city.

3. The speaker talks about ecological problems.

4. The speaker talks about his/her holiday plans.

5. The speaker talks about visiting a flower exhibition.

6. The speaker talks about his/her idea of an ideal city.

В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

Mia and Ken

1) are old friends.

2) went to school together.

3) have just met each other.

4
4

Ken is

1) a school student.

2) a university student.

3) in his gap year.

5
5

Ken dreams of a career in

1) aviation.

2) robotics.

3) computer navigation.

6
6

As for sport, Ken is good at

1) cycling.

2) tennis.

3) jogging.

7
7

If Ken wants to have a free breakfast in pizzeria, he should be there

1) before 9 a.m.

2) after 10 a.m.

3) between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m.

8
8

According to the arrangements with Mia, Nick is going to work for the pizzeria for

1) one month.

2) two months.

3) three months.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. A matter for dispute

2. Be careful crossing the street

3. Two languages in a tiny country

4. The head of state

5. Transit point

6. The underground city

7. Spreading the language

8. The guards of the British property

A. During the 17th and 18th centuries, British navigators sailed across the seas with the aim of extending Britain’s power and prosperity. They colonised new territories around the world, bringing their language with them. English was enforced as the official language of the new colonies, but often words from the local languages started to trickle into the English of the colonisers. This occurred most frequently where an equivalent word did not exist in English.

B. Gibraltar, colloquially known as The Rock, (or simply Gib), is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom sitting at the entrance of the Mediterranean Sea. The very small country is less than 7 square kilometres. It is bordered by Spain to the north, so the people of Gibraltar, who are British citizens, are naturally bilingual in English and Spanish. However, Gibraltar’s only official language is English.

C. The Gibraltar is of great strategic importance as it lies on the narrow stretch of water between Europe and Africa right at the point where the Mediterranean joins the Atlantic Ocean. The British recognised this and made Gibraltar a colony in 1713. Today, it is the only British possession in the Mediterranean. British possession of Gibraltar is a sore point with Spain, which borders it. But, as the Spanish say, “Whenever we talk about Gibraltar, the British talk about the weather or tea.”

D. The Strait of Gibraltar is the narrowest crossing point for birds migrating to and from Europe and Africa. The Rock offers favourable bird watching opportunities. In autumn, thousands of migrating birds stop off on their way between their breeding grounds in northern Europe and their wintering areas in Africa. In spring, they stop there again to feed before continuing their journeys to Western Europe, journeys that may take them as far as Greenland or Russia.

E. Tiny Gibraltar is most famous for its “apes” — tailless monkeys! There are about 160 monkeys living in Gibraltar, in two main areas. They often approach, and sometimes climb onto tourists. Watch out! They are still wild animals and can bite if frightened or annoyed. Legend states that, if the apes leave Gibraltar, Gibraltar will cease to be British. Feeding the Gibraltar macaques is punishable by a fine of £ 4,000!

F. Several planes arrive daily in Gibraltar from Europe and Africa. The airport is famous for the main access road to Gibraltar from Spain called Winston Churchill Avenue, which crosses the runway and closes for each arrival and departure of the planes. When a plane is using the airport runway, cars and pedestrians have to wait on either side, rather like a railway crossing! It is often ranked as one of the most dangerous airports in the world, but actually has an excellent safety record.

G. In 1940, Britain was at war with Germany and Italy and the future looked gloomy for Gibraltar as the enemy surrounded it. The British military leaders believed that an attack on Gibraltar would be fatal for it. They decided to construct a 32 mile-long network of tunnels, to build a fortress inside a fortress, a city within a city. In May 2005 the World War II Tunnels were opened to the general public. Now anyone can walk through this amazing testament to the soldiers and civilians who worked hard inside the Rock during the War.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Cutty Sark

Greenwich, a green district of South East London, is famous for two things: for giving its name to the Greenwich Meridian and Greenwich Mean Time and for its maritime history. The National Maritime Museum, telling the history of British ships, is situated there. The famous “tea clipper”, a sailing ship from the 1800s named the Cutty Sark, is kept in Greenwich in a dry dock by the river. The ship is open to the public.

The Cutty Sark was built in 1869 in Scotland, for John Willis, a successful London tea merchant. At that time, she was one of the fastest clipper ships ever built. The ship was named after Cutty Sark, the nickname of the witch Nannie Dee in Robert Burns’ poem “Tam o’ Shanter”.

The Cutty Sark was active for only 7 years and made just 8 round-trip voyages to China. Why such a short career as a tea clipper? Unfortunately for John Willis, in 1869 the Suez Canal was opened and steam ships started widely using it. Steam ships could pass through the canal, whereas clipper ships like Cutty Sark could not. That meant that steam ships could cut thousands of miles off the route and reached China much faster. So most tea merchants preferred steam ships to sailing ships.

While the Cutty Sark's career in the tea trade wasn’t very successful, her next career in the Australian wool trade was outstanding. From 1883-95 the ship made the Australian run, bringing wool exports back to London. The Cutty Sark dominated the wool trade for more than 10 years, earning a reputation for high speed on the two-month voyage.

But again, the steam ships spoiled the Cutty Sark’s career, making the Australian wool trade their own. The Cutty Sark was sold to a Portuguese company. She was renamed Ferreira and from 1895 to 1922 she carried cargo between Portugal and the distant corners of the Portuguese Empire.

In 1922 Ferreira was put into Falmouth to repair damage which she had received in a windstorm. A retired sea captain, Wilfred Dowman, saw the ship and decided to buy her. He restored the Cutty Sark to how she had been during her days as a tea clipper. Then the ship was used for naval training until 1951, when she was sent to London for the Festival of Britain. There, the National Maritime Museum put the ship into dry dock at Greenwich in 1954, beside the Old Royal Naval College. A new step in the Cutty Sark’s career began — she was turned into a museum.

Unfortunately, the ship was badly damaged in a fire on 21st May 2007. The following long and expensive restoration lasted until 2012. Nowadays the Cutty Sark is the only remaining original clipper ship from the 1800s. She is a popular London attraction. Visitors are welcome to explore the decks and walk in the footsteps of seamen who sailed the ship between England and China in the 1800s. There are also numerous hands-on exhibits and interactive displays for both children and adults.

10
10

The Cutty Sark is situated in London.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

The Cutty Sark was the only clipper ship which carried wool from Australia to Great Britain.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

The Cutty Sark’s journey time to China was shorter than for steam ships.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

The Cutty Sark was the only clipper ship which carried wool from Australia to Great Britain.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

In Portugal the Cutty Sark got another name.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

Captain Dowman gave back the Cutty Sark her original look.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

The Cutty Sark was used as a trade ship until the beginning of the 21st century.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

The Cutty Sark museum is open every day except Christmas.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

WARM... Greetings from the seaside! It’s warm and sunny here, much ___________ than in London I’m sure.

19
19

NOT/WANTThe camp is ok. You probably remember that at home I________________to go to a camp at all. Now I have to admit that I was wrong — it’s fun here. There are lots of people of our age and the community is nice and friendly.

20
20

LIKEYou ______________ it if you were here. The camp offers boating and canoeing, sports and we also have some Scout training here!

21
21

TEACHWe _______________ by experienced Scouts and I have already learnt some basic survival skills.

22
22

SURVIVEIf one day I’m lost in the wood, I think I ____________ , for a few days at least.

23
23

II can make a fire ___________ and know how to put up a tent.

24
24

LEAFIf there’s no tent, I can make a kind of a shelter from branches, _______________, and grass.

25
25

LOOKTo me, it________________like a game but our instructor is very serious about it. He says these skills may save our lives one day.

26
26

PASSI hope you are fine there too. You________________all of your exams for this year, haven’t you? ...

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

WOODThere are 342 bridges in Saint Petersburg. One of the oldest bridges is the Stone Bridge. Originally, it was a________________bridge, but by 1778 it was rebuilt in stone.

28
28

LIKE________________most of the bridges, the Stone Bridge has not been completely reconstructed since that time.

29
29

ORIGINIt had only some minor repairs and still preserves the ____________ design of the bridge from the 18th century.

30
30

ATTRACTThe Potseluev Bridge is another special tourist ___________ in Saint Petersburg.

31
31

FANTASYFrom this bridge there is a ________ view of Saint Isaac’s Cathedral.

32
32

OWNAccording to urban legends, the bridge got its romantic name after the merchant Potseluev, who was the________________of a popular tavern near the bridge.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Peter.

... I wasn’t very happy when our teacher announced a city excursion. Walking round the city didn’t look like the best way to spend Sunday morning. But I was wrong. ... ... Do you like going on excursions and why? What things can spoil an excursion? What was the last excursion you went on? ...

Write him a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Cats and people have been living together for thousands of years. Nowadays, domestic cats are extremely popular pets. According to statistics, they are even more popular than dogs. There is no doubt that cats love people as much as people appreciate them. Maybe it’s because cats and humans share some physiological traits. For instance, a cat’s brain is more similar to a human brain than a dog’s. The regions of the brain responsible for emotion are identical in both humans and cats. Cats also have A and В blood types, just like people.

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the careers centre Jobs for You. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about money issues. Please answer the six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: How much free time a day do you have on average?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What do you enjoy doing in your free time?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: How do you get your pocket money?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What do you usually spend your pocket money on?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: Would you like to take a part-time job? Why?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What part-time job would you recommend to a teenager who wants to earn some extra money during their summer holidays?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: That is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about transport. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• what means of public transport is the most popular in your hometown;

• what environmental problems caused by cars exist in your hometown;

• whether the bicycle is a popular means of transport in your hometown; why / why not.

You have to talk continuously.

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