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Вариант 29

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a sports centre

2. At home

3. At a concert

4. On board a plane

5. In a music school

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker explains why he/she does sport.

2. The speaker describes a new sports centre.

3. The speaker explains how to win a sports competition.

4. The speaker talks about the sport opportunities in his/her town.

5. The speaker describes his/her daily routine.

6. The speaker talks about his/her sport achievements.

В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

Where are Anna and Nick talking?

1) In a street.

2) In a sports centre.

3) On board a train.

4
4

Where are Anna and Nick going together?

1) To an art gallery.

2) To the cinema.

3) To see some friend.

5
5

What does Nick find most interesting?

1) Sport.

2) Fine Arts.

3) Cinema and films.

6
6

What career does Nick want to choose in the future? Nick wants to be

1) a writer.

2) a film actor.

3) an engineer.

7
7

What is Nick’s favourite subject?

1) Arts and Design.

2) Mathematics.

3) Science.

8
8

What day of the week is it?

1) Monday.

2) Sunday.

3) Saturday.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

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9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Having much in common

2. A trip to the sky

3. Different ways of keeping a pet

4. On government service

5. A sign of love

6. Aggressive behaviour

7. An urban legend

8. Foods to avoid

A. The first cat in space was a French cat named Felicette. In 1963, France blasted the cat into outer space. It was a good-natured black-and-white female, just a Paris street cat. She was shot off in a special capsule on top of a French rocket. She didn’t go into orbit, but in a 15 minute flight travelled 160 km into space. Then the capsule separated from the rocket and descended by parachute. Electrodes implanted in her brain sent signals back to the Earth. Felicette survived the journey. Later, the British press called her the “Astrocat”.

B. The Chief Mouser to the Cabinet Office is the title which is given to cats living at 10 Downing Street, London. Only two cats, Humphrey and Larry, have had this title officially. Larry was an ordinary cat who lived in the animal shelter Battersea Dogs and Cats Home. He was taken to the Downing Street home, the residence of the British Prime Minister, in February 2011 to ward off the black rats which had been seen on the property’s lawn. Larry succeeded in his work and was given the honorary title.

C. The most famous Mayor of London is Dick Whittington, a cloth seller. He became Mayor at least three times between 1397 and 1419. According to an old story, Dick was a penniless boy who came to London to make his fortune. After many adventures he succeeded in his business with the help of his cat. A memorial stone to Whittington and his cat sits on Highgate Hill, where Dick is supposed to have heard the City’s bells telling him he would be Mayor of London three times. But the true story of Dick Whittington is a bit different.

D. A lot of cat owners think that when a cat brings a mouse into the house that the cat is either misbehaving or just being mean. However, it actually is a sign of affection towards its owners. When a cat is happy with its owners and household, it wants to let you know. Since cats can’t talk, they show us their care and affection in the only way they know ... which is by bringing us a gift, in this case a mouse.

E. Cats and people have been living together for thousands of years. Nowadays, domestic cats are extremely popular pets. Maybe it’s because cats and humans share some physiological traits. For instance, a cat’s brain is more similar to a human brain than a dog’s, the regions of the brain responsible for emotion are identical in both humans and cats, and cats have A and В blood types, just like people.

F. When you feed your pet, remember that a cat should not be given onions, garlic, green tomatoes, raw potatoes, chocolate, grapes, and raisins. Though milk is not toxic, it can cause an upset stomach and gas. Tylenol and aspirin are extremely toxic to cats, as are many common houseplants. Feeding cats dog food or canned tuna that is for human consumption can make them ill.

G. Although Great Britain and the USA are equal in their love for cats, the cats’ lifestyles are not the same. In America, cats usually enjoy the benefits of modern life, while in England, they are still mostly kept as they have been for centuries. America is a huge country, and the majority of cats spend their lives indoors. The British see this as sad and unnatural, and the majority of cat owners let their cats roam at will, going in and out of the home via a pet door or ‘cat flap’.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

The first stamp

Great Britain was the first country in the world to issue a postage stamp. It was in 1840. Before stamps were invented, the person who received the letter had to pay for it. The postal cost was very expensive. To calculate the cost, the postal service calculated the distance the letter had travelled. The route was also important. People were unhappy with the postal service and asked to improve the situation. The changes in Britain’s national mail service started when an Englishman called Rowland Hill came up with the idea of pre-paying for letters with ‘postage stamps’. He considered that it was fairer to make the sender pay for the letters.

There is a legend about how Rowland Hill thought up his invention. One morning, on his way to work, he met a very sad young lady. She had just refused to take the letter from the postman. Rowland Hill felt that this letter was a message from the girl’s dear friend. He thought that she could not read the letter because she did not have the money to pay for its delivery.

He came up to the lady and the postman, paid the postal fee and handed the letter to the girl. To his great surprise, she informed him that she didn’t want the letter. She had already known the news that was in the letter. The girl explained that because of the high postage cost, her dear friend coded the message in the address. The girl needed only to look at the address to understand the message. Then she gave back the letter to the postman without paying for it. Rowland Hill was astonished at their inventive plan, but this incident gave him the idea that postage should be paid in advance.

Rowland Hill was a successful businessman who understood postal issues. In 1837 he presented the Post Office Reform Project to the government. He proposed to set up a single rate of one penny for a prepaid letter. According to the reform the sender had to buy a stamp for his letter for one penny.

Hill’s Post Office Reform Project started in January 1840. A special competition for the first postage stamp was announced. There were a lot of proposals and designs. At last it was decided to use a portrait of Queen Victoria painted when she was just a 15-year-old princess. The penny stamp known as the Penny Black presents a portrait of Queen Victoria, who was Queen at that time. The image stands against a black background. It’s called the Penny Black because it cost a penny, and it is black. Nowadays the Penny Black is not rare — 68 million of them were printed — but if you have one in excellent condition it could be worth 1000 pounds.

On May 7, 1840, Britain placed on sale a second stamp, the Two-Penny Blue. Nowadays the United Kingdom is the only country that doesn’t have its name on its stamps, usually they have only the monarch’s head. The first person other than royalty to appear on a British stamp was William Shakespeare in 1964.

10
10

Before 1840 the postal cost depended on the distance the letter had covered.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

The girl and her friend used a special code to communicate with each other.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

Rowland Hill saw that the girl paid the postman for a letter from her friend.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

The girl and her friend used a special code to communicate with each other.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

The British government rejected Rowland Hill’s idea for reform..

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

It was Rowland Hill’s idea to put the image of the Queen on the stamp.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

The first stamp got its name due to its price and colour.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

The official name of the country is printed on every British stamp.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

THEYMost of my friends are fond of sports and exercise. It’s not easy for me to keep up with_______________. I’ve never been good at any sport and it makes me feel a bit disadvantaged.

19
19

BE“Why don’t you try swimming?” asked my friend, Laura, one day. “There________________a good swimming pool close to your house.

20
20

SWIMIf I were you, I __________ every day.”

21
21

GOODThe pool near my house is actually the________________swimming pool in the city. Lots of people from other areas go there.

22
22

MAKEThe pool building_________________________of glass and other modern materials, so looks very impressive from outside.

23
23

NOT/CANI simply _____________ tell Laura that I had never been inside.

24
24

CALL“Well, ok,” I answered hesitantly, “I __________ them one day. I promise.”

25
25

UNDERSTANDNo, that won’t do,” Laura immediately________________that I was not going to keep my promise. “We are heading there right now. You and me. Together.”

26
26

HAVEI said that I________________some other, very important plans for the day but Laura didn’t listen.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

TRADITIONNowadays lots of tourists prefer quiet places to big cities. That is why small________________towns have become very popular tourist destinations.

28
28

POPULARI think this growing ____________ is very useful for local economies.

29
29

SKILLThe tourist industry creates new jobs. A good share of these jobs do not necessarily require________________or highly qualified workers.

30
30

EDUCATEIt means students and people without college________________have a fair chance to earn a living.

31
31

EMPLOYMENTIn tourist regions people more often set up their own small businesses and it helps reduce________________too.

32
32

SUCCESSFULA friend of mine, who lives in a small town, used to have constant problems with work. When his hometown became popular with tourists, he became a taxi driver and now he’s running a small business very_______________.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Gregory.

... I'm doing a class project on studying foreign languages. Please answer the following questions from the questionnaire to help me with my difficult task. ...

... When did you start learning English? What other languages would you like to learn? What is the easiest way to learn foreign languages, in your view? ...

Write him a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

In many European countries, recycling has become a part of government policy. Modern technologies make it possible to produce new packaging, bottles and even clothes from household waste. Germany has also recently started a series of projects to encourage people to sort the rubbish they throw away. There are special containers of different colours that are meant for plastic, glass, paper and food. Those people who ignore the rules can be fined by the ‘rubbish police’. Official laws also regulate the standards for rubbish packing, transportation and storage. These complex measures help to create a healthy environment in towns and cities.

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the ecological centre. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about the necessity to protect the environment. Please answer the six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What environmental problem do you think is the most serious for our planet?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: Describe one environmental problem in your hometown.

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: Does your family sort the rubbish before throwing it away? Why, or why not?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What can students in your school do to help the environment?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: Does a career as an ecologist attract you or not? Why?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend teenagers do to make their hometown a better place to live in?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: That is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about the Internet. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• whether you can imagine modern life without the Internet; why / why not;

• what you and your friends use the Internet for;

• how the Internet can help you in your studies.

You have to talk continuously.

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