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Вариант 22

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a classroom

2. At the dentist

3. In a cafe

4. In a supermarket

5. At home

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

The speaker talks about

1. his/her birthday celebration.

2. his/her idea of friendship.

3. his/her birthday cake recipe.

4. a quarrel with a friend.

5. meeting his/her best friend.

6. buying a present for a friend.

В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

Julia’s birthday is in

1. spring.

2. summer.

3. winter.

4
4

Julia is Kate and Alan’s

1. friend.

2. sister.

3. aunt.

5
5

Kate and Alan want to give Julia

1. a photo album.

2. her favourite flowers.

3. an ice-cream cake.

6
6

The sport Alan does is

1. karate.

2. gymnastics.

3. sport dancing.

7
7

Kate’s recent hobby is

1. drawing graffiti.

2. growing cactuses at home.

3. playing computer games.

8
8

Kate and Alan’s mother works as

1. a driver.

2. an artist.

3. a teacher.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. То watch or to play

2. Their English sounds different

3. One word — different meanings

4. The local health care system

5. A page in history

6. Keeping up the tradition

7. Vitally important for medicine

8. Named after a famous dancer

A. New Zealand is located in the south-western part of the Pacific Ocean. The Maoris, the aboriginal inhabitants, called their land Aotearoa, which means ‘land of the long white cloud’. It was first discovered by Europeans in 1642 when a Dutch sailor, Abel Tasman, arrived. However, he had to leave New Zealand very soon after several sailors from his crew were killed by Maoris. It was not until 1769 that English Captain James Cook arrived and marked the land on the map.

B. Kiwi is not only a fruit, as many people in the world believe. It is New Zealand’s native flightless bird and a slang word for a New Zealander. Local people call the fruit kiwifruit. In fact, the kiwifruit is not native to New Zealand. It’s actually from China, but it was named after the kiwi bird. The kiwifruit earns New Zealand over a billion dollars a year. New Zealand began exporting the kiwifruit in the 1950s and it is still very popular on the world market.

C. It started at the English school of Rugby in 1823. A boy by the name of William Webb Willis felt bored with kicking a soccer ball so he picked it up and ran with it. Actually, he had invented a new game. Today rugby is the national sport of New Zealand. Rugby is the most popular spectator sport in New Zealand. Adults and children adore watching it. Meanwhile golf is the most popular participation sport in the country. It’s the No.l sport for men and the No.2 sport for women, just behind netball.

D. According to the latest data, there are about 600,000 Maori people. The Maori cherish their numerous old customs. One of the most famous is a greeting ritual called the Powhiri. In it, the aboriginals shake hands, kiss each other once on the cheek, or do a hongi. This is done by pressing one’s nose and forehead (at the same time) to another person. The hongi literally means ‘sharing of breath’ and that the other person is no longer considered a visitor but a part of the community.

E. A famous dessert in New Zealand is the Pavlova, a meringue cake topped with whipped cream and fresh fruit slices. It was named in honour of the Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova who visited New Zealand in the 1920s. For decades, there has been argument between Australia and New Zealand over where it was invented. After years of research, it was found that the recipe for the cake is of New Zealand origin.

F. New Zealand inventors have a proud record of creating things the rest of the world really needs. One of the most important Kiwi inventions in the world of public health is a disposable syringe1. Timaru’s Colin Murdoch came up with the idea for the disposable syringe, a simple device that has saved millions of lives and has helped diabetes sufferers around the world. He also thought up the tranquilizer dart gun for use on animals.

G. New Zealand has three official languages: English, Maori and New Zealand Sign Language. The average citizen is bilingual. That means most people speak both English and Maori. However, New Zealand English differs a lot from American, Canadian, Australian and other versions of English. The main distinguishing characteristic of the New Zealand dialect is that the speakers shorten the words so that they end in ‘o’, ‘y’ or ‘ie’. For example, arvo for afternoon or kindy for kindergarten.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Keiko

Among Warner Brothers’ productions there are many films to watch as a family. In 1993, a film, Free Willy, was released and gained great popularity with the audience. It was about an orca, or a killer whale, Willy, that was kept in captivity. The plot described the way the whale grew and his relationship with people who finally let the whale go back into the open sea and live his natural life.

The role of Willy was played by a male whale, Keiko. Sadly, his life was less happy than the life of his character. When a little calf, he was caught in a net near the coast of Iceland, in 1979. Then he lived in aquariums in Iceland, Canada and finally in Mexico. Keiko had to entertain people and his performances were always successful, but the Mexican aquarium was too small and warm for the animal from the north.

Soon Keiko fell seriously ill. His trainers and animal keepers insisted that Keiko should be transported to a spacious Oregon Coast Aquarium in Newport, in the north-west of the USA, where the climate was more suitable for the whale. There, Keiko was chosen by the film directors to play the role of Willy in the film Free Willy.

The films about Willy made Keiko popular with people in many countries. Also, Warner Brothers initiated the Free Keiko campaign. Thousands of volunteers collected money for the whale. As a result, Oregon Aquarium got seven million dollars to build special facilities for Keiko that could help him become strong and healthy enough to live in the wild.

Medical treatment, however, was not the only problem. Keiko had spent twenty years with people and had become really tame. The whale liked swimming around the pool with his trainers, carrying them along and performing tricks. Keiko had learned how to communicate with people but he had completely forgotten how to hunt. Trainers always had enough fresh fish for him!

In 1998 the UPS Company took the responsibility to transport Keiko to the coast of Iceland. The whale weighed three tons and they had to use a military plane for him. When Keiko got to Iceland, he went into the sea quickly. Specialists hoped he would soon find a new family and adapt to the wild environment. Otherwise he could die.

Volunteers were monitoring Keiko’s routes. Four days after Keiko was set free, he returned to the coast in search of people. Specialists let him go again and in 2002 he was seen in a family of whales leaving the waters of Iceland. Unfortunately, the same year he was noticed very close to the Norwegian coast line, swimming and jumping among holiday makers.

Keiko never adapted to the natural lifestyle. Besides, his health was getting worse. He died from pneumonia in 2003. A special memorial to Keiko was constructed in Norway. In Japanese “keiko” means “lucky”, but Keiko’s fate was rather controversial.

10
10

The popularity of the film. Free Willy, caused its producers to shoot a sequel.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

People raised finance to give Keiko a chance to get back to the wild.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

The Warner Brothers company was against setting Keiko free.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

People raised finance to give Keiko a chance to get back to the wild.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

Some special techniques were used to develop Keiko’s hunting instincts.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

Keiko was taken to Iceland by ship.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

There has not been any further information about Keiko since he was set free in Iceland.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

Warner Brothers took part in the construction of a memorial to Keiko.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

NOT/LIKEHave you ever heard about the Klingon language? If you ________________science fiction films, you probably haven’t.

19
19

CREATEThe language_______________at the end of the 20th century specially for the films about aliens from other planets. In the StarTrek films, Klingon is the language of the warrior race.

20
20

BENowadays there ________ about 3000 words in the language.

21
21

THEYMost of________________refer to space craft and weapons but it’s also possible to use Klingon for everyday conversations.

22
22

BECOMEMark Okrand, one of the people who created this language, said that soon Klingon________________very popular.

23
23

ACCEPT“Very soon, science fiction fans _______________ Klingon for communication within their community,” he once predicted. But it never happened. At the present time there might be only twenty or thirty people who are able to speak Klingon fluently.

24
24

SOUNDТо most people, it ___________ strange and ‘alien’. It’s not easy to learn.

25
25

TRYI personally________________to learn it several times, but without much success yet.

26
26

HAVEI wish I________________partners for conversations but for obvious reasons there are not many around.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

WONDERThere’s a saying that there’s no such thing as bad weather. I think the same may refer to the seasons — each of them can offer us something _________ .

28
28

FAVOURMy________________season is autumn.

29
29

AGREEI think it is a very special time of the year though many people would ________ with me.

30
30

RAINI like its cool, crisp air and the smell of wet grass and even the dull ________________days.

31
31

FARMWhen I was small, I spent a lot of time in the country. My granddad was a________________and it was he who taught me to see and understand the beauty of nature.

32
32

SUITIn late autumn my granddad had less work around the farm and we explored all the lakes in the neighbourhood. He always said that autumn was the most________________time for fishing.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Duncan.

... Last year I got a puzzle as a birthday present from my aunt. To be honest, I was surprised to get a present like that. I had always been sure that only kids like doing puzzles. But when I started to make the picture, I began to take a great interest in puzzles. Now doing puzzles is my hobby ...

... What do you like to do in your free time? What are the members of your family keen on? What hobby do you think you might like to try in the future? ...

Write him a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

According to surveys, the popularity of bikes is growing. More than 700 cities in the world have joined a new program for cyclists. Any person can take a vacant bike and park it back at any bike station on their way. One can find information about the bike stations on smartphone maps. Cycling in cities helps to lessen the problems of stress and air pollution. Research held in London in 2017 confirmed this fact. People felt calmer after they rode to the office instead of driving. Also, bikes do not produce harmful gases.

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the new careers centre Your Future. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out what students think about their future career. Please answer the six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: What do you enjoy doing in your free time?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What job did you dream of when you were a child?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: Have you already chosen a career? What are you going to be?

Student: (Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: How do your parents feel about your career choice?

Student:__________________ (Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What school subjects are especially important for your future job?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend to a teenager who has difficulty with his or her career choice?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: That is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about your career choice. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• what jobs are popular with modern teenagers;

• what job you dreamed of in your childhood and why;

• who can help you to make your career choice.

You have to talk continuously.

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