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Вариант 21

Раздел 1. Аудирование

1
1

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных A, B, C и D. Определите, где происходит каждый из диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. In a swimming pool

2. At home

3. In a shopping centre

4. In a garden

5. In a classroom

2
2

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-E и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтоб ознакомиться с заданием.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. The speaker explains how to get to his/her school.

2. The speaker describes a classroom in his/her school.

3. The speaker talks about his/her favourite school subject.

4. The speaker comments on the school’s sports facilities.

5. The speaker presents his/her ideas about the school of the future.

6. The speaker complains about too much homework.

В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

3
3

Harry is in the medical centre because

1) he has a problem with his leg.

2) he has taken his granny to see the doctor.

3) he has to take a blood test.

4
4

The sport Harry does currently is

1) cycling.

2) roller skating.

3) swimming.

5
5

Monica’s sister works as

1) a hospital nurse.

2) a chess teacher.

3) a swimming coach.

6
6

Monica is

1) Harry’s classmate.

2) Harry’s relative.

3) Harry’s neighbour.

7
7

Harry’s favourite school subject is

1) Mathematics.

2) Physical Education.

3) Science.

8
8

Harry wants to have a career in

1) sports.

2) teaching.

3) business.

 

Раздел 2. Чтение

9
9
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1–8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Projects for the near future

2. How the space station is arranged

3. The example of global cooperation

4. They cannot have it in orbit

5. How it started

6. Space research to improve our life

7. Training astronauts

8. Visiting space for pleasure

A. The international space station has been in orbit for more than fifteen years. The idea was first introduced in the agreement on space exploration signed by Russia and the USA. Since then scientists and engineers from sixteen countries have contributed to the project. Thus, the station can be called the result of technology from all over the world.

B. Like Rome, the international space station was not built in a day. The space exploration project began with small manned orbital stations designed by Russian engineers in the 1960s. Later, the bigger modules Salyut and Mir appeared. They successfully worked in orbit from the 1970s till the 2000s. The space station, which is currently in orbit, was formed from Zaria and Unity, autonomous space modules, in 1998. It is regularly used for international space missions.

C. Inside the two modules there is equipment that provides astronauts with atmosphere, energy, and communications. Also, some radiators, fuel tanks and solar batteries are outside. Special screens protect all the elements of the station from meteors. The main control area is concentrated in the third, modernized module. Astronauts and all necessary goods reach the station in space ships.

D. Crews of astronauts carry out different studies and experiments in orbit. They monitor numerous space objects as well as the atmosphere, volcanoes and water resources of our planet. The results are recorded in reports that astronauts send to the Earth regularly. Science experiments are done in biology, medicine and physics. Thanks to space discoveries, scientists and engineers are able to invent new materials, medicines and technologies for people.

E. It is very important for the astronauts to have regular meals. However, their menu is very specific. All food is prepared in a special way and stored in vacuum containers. There are also foods that cannot be used in orbit at all. Bread is one of them. It is banned at the station because bread crumbs are difficult to collect. The astronauts miss bread very much and nowadays the engineers are designing a space bakery to make a special type of bread.

F. The international space station is a unique destination for space tourism. Since 2012, eight non-professional astronauts have visited it to enjoy the amazing views of the Earth. Although this type of travel costs millions of dollars, the interest to space tourism is constantly growing all over the world. Every new tourist is selected carefully because the health requirements are rather high. The journey takes ten days, including the way to and from the station.

G. At present, mass space travel to other planets is a common theme of science fiction films. Meanwhile the real space exploration scenarios are much more exciting. There are several projects for setting up stations on the Moon and to build human settlements there. A manned expedition to Mars doesn’t look like a crazy idea any more. And of course, scientists continue looking for other life in the universe.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10–17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Cats in the Hermitage

At the parking lot near the Hermitage in St. Petersburg there is an unusual road sign. It says Cats crossing. It was introduced to protect the cats living on the territory. The Hermitage cats have become an attraction of their own and a special attraction for young visitors. The museum director keeps saying that the cats interest journalists even more than the exhibits themselves!

He is right. Even the ravens of the Tower of London could envy the fame of the Hermitage cats. Firstly, each one has a passport and a personal plate and a collar. Secondly, they undergo regular vet check-ups. Their meals are cooked in a special kitchen in the basement. Finally, they are welcomed on the annual Cats’ Day celebrated in May and are honorable guests there.

Kindly called the hermics, the cats feel at home inside the museum. They are free to go wherever they like, within some reasonable limits of course. In fact, there are classes inside the animal community. The most privileged are allowed into the halls and stairs, others live in the basement and in the yard. The tradition of cats’ privileges goes back to the 18th century. The first cats brought to the Winter Palace were divided into indoor and outdoor ones.

At that time, the Winter Palace was occupied by rats. The hungry creatures were destroying the royal food stores and belongings. By the order of Empress Elizabeth I, 30 cats were brought from Kazan to help the situation. They were carefully selected among the many cats as the strongest and the quickest rat-hunters. In time, the children of the Kazan cats became the pets of the royal family. The hardest time for cats in the Hermitage was the Siege of Leningrad during World War II. There were almost none of them left in the city. The rats multiplied enormously and a cat became worth its weight in gold. The authorities used the old method and ordered four carriages of cats from Yaroslavl. Five thousand male hunters arrived to save the museum. And they succeeded in their mission! Now there are about 60 cats in the museum and each of them has a name. The names come from painters, cities and states, and there is a legend about one of them, Vaska, the Lawyer. This cat was the hero of the battles against the rats in the 1960s. His second name came from the Law Department that Vaska enjoyed visiting.

Having lost interest in law, the cat settled at the front entrance to the Hermitage. There he played a more important role as a porter and got more food. Every morning half an hour before opening, he called the guards to the doors with a loud mew. When the first visitors entered the hall, he would lay by the stairs to get more attention.

Among the visitors there were many volunteers to help take care of the cats. Today the museum covers the cats’ living expenses. Also, there are sponsors eager to take part. On Cats' Day visitors are allowed into the basement to watch the cats’ everyday life. Some cats are available for adoption and people are happy to take them home as a symbol of the Hermitage.

10
10

The director of the Hermitage dislikes cats.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

11
11

Cats appeared in the Winter Palace to entertain the Empress.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

12
12

There are several different areas for cats in the Hermitage.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

13
13

Cats appeared in the Winter Palace to entertain the Empress.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

14
14

All the cats delivered to the Hermitage from Yaroslavl were common domestic cats.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

15
15

A cat was called Vaska, the Lawyer because he belonged to a law student.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

16
16

Vaska, the Lawyer knew the museum timetable.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

17
17

Money for the Hermitage cats comes from different sources.

1. TRUE

2. FALSE

3. NOT STATED

 

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18–26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18–26.

18
18

SHEJane was texting to a friend when her twin sister Kelly entered the room. Jane looked up at________ and smiled.

19
19

WEARKelly ____________ a blue blouse, pink trousers and yellow shoes. Though they were twins, they had absolutely different tastes in clothes.

20
20

SOUND“Aren’t we going out today?” Kelly________________irritated.

21
21

NOT/KNOWShe often spoke like that and people who ____________ her well enough might think she wanted to be rude.

22
22

GOODBut Jane knew her sister ___________ than anyone and understood at once that Kelly was not rude but very upset.

23
23

HEAR“You______________________the news already, I think.” Kelly went on, trying to keep her voice steady.

24
24

ONE‘The jury gave Camilla the _______ prize and I got nothing. Nothing at all.” Jane didn’t answer but gave her sister a big hug.

25
25

CANShe wished she ____________ explain to Kelly that losing a singing contest didn’t mean much. But Kelly would not accept it.

26
26

WIN“If you keep practicing, you_______________ the next contest. I’m sure of it,” said Jane at last. “And we can also work on your image. The audience like it when celebrities are not afraid to change the way they look.”

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27–32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27–32.

27
27

BEAUTYSaint Petersburg, one of the most ________________ cities in the world, stands on the Neva River. The city was named after Peter I, the tsar and the founder of that city.

28
28

SUITOne of the reasons why Peter I chose that place for his new capital was that the Neva was________________for navigation.

29
29

DEVELOPPeter I understood how important trade was for the economic _______________of the country.

30
30

EXPENSEHe realised that to deliver goods by water was more convenient and less _______________than by land.

31
31

FAMEIn fact, the Neva River was _________ long before the city of Saint Petersburg was founded.

32
32

RUSSIAIn 1240, the Battle of the Neva happened there — the_______________ Army led by prince Alexander Yaroslavovich defeated the Swedish Army. After that battle the prince got the name of Alexander Nevsky.

 

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Ben.

... My brother says that he wants to be an emergency worker. I am surprised at his decision. It’s probably because he has read a book about emergency workers recently ... ... What kind of books do you enjoy reading? What is your favourite book about? Do you think people will still be fond of books in the future, why? ...

Write him a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Раздел 5. Говорение

34

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

Today it is hard to imagine Moscow being dark at night. Yet, the central streets of the city became bright only in 1730. Before then, Muscovites had to keep candles burning in the windows for passers-by. Most people also carried individual oil lamps when they walked late. During the summer months, candles and oil lamps were not allowed because of the risk of fire. Later, gas lanterns appeared. They were rather effective but the real progress started later, with electric lamps. 448 electric lamps were fixed in the centre of Moscow a century ago. At present, Moscow has a modern system of street lights with electronic control.

Показать ответ
35

You are going to take part in a telephone survey. You have to answer six questions. Give full answers to the questions. Remember that you have 40 seconds to answer each question.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Показать ответ

Electronic assistant: Hello! It’s the electronic assistant of the Youth Magazine. We kindly ask you to take part in our survey. We need to find out how students feel about school holidays. Please answer the six questions. The survey is anonymous — you don’t have to give your name. So, let’s get started.

Electronic assistant: How old are you?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What holidays do you have at school?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What holidays are your favourite? Why?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: How much time on average do you spend online a day when you are on holiday?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What do you usually do during your holidays?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: What would you recommend to a teenager who feels bored during the holidays?

Student:___________________________(Pause 40 seconds)

Electronic assistant: That is the end of the survey. Thank you very much for your cooperation.

36

You are going to give a talk about learning English. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes.

Remember to say:

• how long you have been learning English;

• why most Russian students learn English at school;

• what you use English out of the classroom for.

You have to talk continuously.

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